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Resources for the Study of Evangelical Spirituality

This is a list of resources related to spirituality for around 120 figures in the history of evangelical spirituality, arranged somewhat chronologically. Until I get things hyper-fixed, you will have to scroll through to the period-category and figure you are interested in, or you can use the PDF search feature to search for names or themes (just try searching for all the studies on “prayer” and see what happens!). By the way, the document is 89 pages long.

Resources for the Study of Evangelical Spirituality.pdf

 


Resources for the Study of Evangelical Spirituality (2008)

Resources for the Study of Evangelical Spirituality

My aim here is to provide a helpful list of resources for people interested in embarking on a study of evangelical spirituality. It is not a comprehensive bibliography. I do not list the works of each figure or movement, though sometimes I suggest writings that are relevant to the study of Christian spirituality. Often I have found sample works or even a figure’s complete works at sites such as CCEL or archive.org. In a separate document I am compiling a list of “Classics of Evangelical Spirituality.” With regard to secondary works, I have tried to avoid overly popular or overly technical works. Nevertheless, at times the only works I found that might help someone begin studying the spirituality of a given figure or movement were basic introductions or biographies. Likewise at times I discovered that the only relevant secondary sources relevant to the spirituality of a figure or movement were theses or dissertations, and I have sometimes included these. There is a sense in which I have listed these only to show how little has actually been done and how much opportunity for exploration lies ahead. I have also nearly always kept this list to works in English, though in Pietist research the bulk of the resources are in German. I have included a few websites dedicated to the study of a figure of movement, where I have discovered them, but these sites are so fluid that is is best for one to perform new searches regularly.

I have collected these resources either over the years of my own study, or have through a recent search of computer databases. This process biases the selections. In my earlier research into evangelical spirituality I tried to explore evangelical traditions with the themes and questions of the developing field of Christian spirituality in mind. In my computer work, have used Boolean searches for terms like Asceticism OR Christian life OR Consecration OR Devot* OR Discipl* OR Discernment OR Holiness OR Meditation OR Mystic* OR Perfection OR Piety OR Prayer OR Sanctification OR Spirit*. Consequently, there is a built in bias in this kind of search toward interiority and personal (individual) relationship with God. I could have looked for community, liturgy, politics, or other terms–and I believe these themes do have a bearing on Christian spirituality. But I have had to draw boundaries somewhere. For the less-studied figures, I left my search strings more broad [at times simply listing the name within a keyword search]. In my selection of sources, I have also tried to keep in mind those features which tend to be characteristic of evangelical spirituality as articulated in the growing literature on evangelicalism as a definable tradition. I have not included all the relevant independent articles published currently on the World Wide Web. They are too numerous many and too difficult to sort. Furthermore, the alphabetization and formatting of some of the references are not correct. I have discovered that EndNote neither retrieves nor re-presents material exactly as one might hope. Perhaps I will improve the presentation of this list of resources in time.

The primary sources of a number of figures (and many relevant secondary sources) can be found online at sites like http://www.monergism.com/, http://www.archive.org/details/texts, http://greatchristianlibrary.blogspot.com/, http://www.ccel.org/, http://libguides.calvin.edu/prdl, http://www.whatsaiththescripture.com/Text.Only/index.html, http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/,

http://www.truthinheart.com/, and http://books.google.com/. Other sites hold more particular collections. These sites are changing all the time (adding materials, changing locations).

In addition to the standard histories and introductory texts in Christian spirituality, see the following:

On Evangelical Spirituality

On the definition of evangelicalism more generally, see:

Bebbington, D. W. Evangelicalism in Modern Britain : A History from the 1730s to the 1980s. Baker Book House ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1992: 1-20.

Larsen, Timothy. “Defining and Locating Evangelicalism.” The Cambridge companion to evangelical theology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, 1-14.

Smith, Timothy L. . “The Postfundamentalist Party.” Christian Century (1976): 125-27.

Smith, TL. “The Evangelical Kaleidoscope and the Call to Christian Unity.” Christian Scholar’s Review 15, no. 2 (1986): 125–40.

Harrell, D. E. Varieties of Southern Evangelicalism: Mercer Univ Pr, 1981.

see also:

Sweet, LI. “Wise as Serpents, Innocent as Doves: The New Evangelical Historiography.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 56, no. 3 (1988): 397.

More specifically related to evangelical spirituality are:

Black, Neville. “Evangelical Spirituality in the Inner City.” In Can Spirituality Be Taught, 92-100. London: Assoc of Centres of Adult Theological Education, 1987.

Castleman, Robbie. “The Evangelical Spirituality of Creation Care and the Kingdom of God.” In For All the Saints, 155-64. Louisville

London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2003.

Gordon, James M. Evangelical Spirituality: From the Wesleys to John Stott. London: SPCK, 1991.

Hindmarsh, B. “” End of Faith as Its Beginning”: Models of Spiritual Progress in Early Evangelical Devotional Hymns.” Spiritus: A Journal of Christian Spirituality 10, no. 1 (2010): 1-21.

Hindmarsh, D. Bruce. “The Evangelical Conversion Narrative : Spiritual Autobiography in Early Modern England.” New York, 2005.

Hindmarsh, D. Bruce, s.v. “Contours of Evangelical Spirituality” The Zondervan Dictionary of Christian Spirituality. Grand Rapids, Mich: Zondervan, forthcoming.

Hindmarsh, D. Bruce. “Evangelical Truth: A Personal Plea for Unity, Integrity and Faithfulness.” Books & Culture 6, no. 5 (2000): 6-9.

Hindmarsh, D. Bruce. John Newton and the English Evangelical Tradition : Between the Conversions of Wesley and Wilberforce, Oxford Theological Monographs;. Oxford : Clarendon Press: New York, 1996.

Hindmarsh, D. Bruce. “Retrieval and Renewal: A Model for Evangelical Spiritual Vitality.” In J. I. Packer and the Evangelical Future, 99-114. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Academic, 2009.

Jürisson, Cynthia. “Evangelical Spirituality : Captive to the Word of God.” Word & World 20, no. 1 (2000): 90-318.

Kretzschmar, Louise. “Evangelical Spirituality : A South African Perspective.” Religion & Theology 5, no. 2 (1998): 154-75.

Lovelace, Richard F. “Evangelical Spirituality : A Church Historian’s Perspective.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 31, no. 1 (1988): 25-35.

Mathers, Helen. “The Evangelical Spirituality of a Victorian Feminist: Josephine Butler, 1828-1906.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 52, no. 2 (2001): 282-312.

Oden, Thomas C. “The Death of Modernity and Postmodern Evangelical Spirituality.” In Challenge of Postmodernism, 19-33. Wheaton, Ill: Bridgepoint/Victor, 1995.

Parker, David. “Evangelical Spirituality Reviewed.” Colloquium 23, no. 2 (1991): 85-91.

Peterson, Eugene H. “Evangelical Spirituality.” In Futures of Evangelicalism, 221-45. Leicester, England: IVP, 2003.

Randall, Ian M. “Graham Scroggie and Evangelical Spirituality.” Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology 18, no. 1 (2000): 71-86.

Randall, Ian M. “”Live Much under the Shadow of the Cross”: Atonement and Evangelical Spirituality.” In Atonement Debate, 293-310. Grand Rapids, Mich: Zondervan, 2008.

Randall, Ian M. “‘Look to Jesus Christ’: English Baptists and Evangelical Spirituality.” American Baptist Quarterly 25, no. 1 (2006): 8-26.

Stortz, Martha Ellen. “Evangelical Spirituality : Practicing the Marks of the Church.” Word & World 20, no. 1 (2000): 91-318.

Waltke, Bruce K. “Evangelical Spirituality : A Biblical Scholar’s Perspective.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 31, no. 1 (1988): 9-24.

See also general introductions to Christian spirituality or histories of Christian spirituality written by evangelicals:

Chan, Simon. Spiritual Theology : A Systematic Study of the Christian Life. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1998.

Foster, Richard J. Beebe Gayle D. Longing for God : Seven Paths of Christian Devotion. Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Books, 2009. [This book is not really a history, but a series of historical reflections.]

Howard, Evan B. The Brazos Introduction to Christian Spirituality. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Brazos Press, 2008.

McGrath, Alister E. Christian Spirituality : An Introduction. Oxford, UK: Malden, Mass., 1999.

Sittser, Gerald Lawson. “Water from a Deep Well : Christian Spirituality from Early Martyrs to Modern Missionaries.” IVP Books, 2007.

Protestant Spirituality

Collins, Kenneth J. Exploring Christian Spirituality : An Ecumenical Reader. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Books, 2000.

Hendrix, Scott H. Early Protestant Spirituality, The Classics of Western Spirituality; Variation: Classics of Western Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 2009.

Ruhbach, Gerhard. “Protestant Spirituality Today : Reflections and Implications for Reorientation.” Bangalore Theological Forum 18, no. 2-3 (1986): 85-96.

Senn, Frank C. Protestant Spiritual Traditions. New York: Paulist Press, 1986.

Stephens, Bruce M. The Holy Spirit in American Protestant Thought, 1750-1850, Studies in American Religion. Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen Press, 1993.

1. Reformation, Puritan, and Pietist Traditions

The Reformation period – see also works under “Protestant Spirituality” (esp. Collins, Hendrix, and Senn) for articles on Anabaptist, Lutheran, Reformed, Anglican, I will cover Pietist and Puritan traditions below.

Matheson, Peter. Reformation Christianity, A People’s History of Christianity. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2007.

Raitt, Jill McGinn Bernard, and John Meyendorff. Christian Spirituality : High Middle Ages and Reformation, World Spirituality. New York: Crossroad, 1987.

See also the Society for Reformation Research at http://www.reformationresearch.org/ (lots of primary sources in original languages available through the links listed here). There are also a number of valuable links at the Society for Reformation Studies (http://www.reformationstudies.org/). See also the Reformation Studies Institute at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland (http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/~www_rsi/).

Select Reformation Figures and Movements

Luther, Martin, 1483-1546

A lot of study is being done on Luther’s spirituality these days. Especially relevant is work being done on Luther’s doctrine of atonement (justification and theosis), on his approach to prayer, on the everyday piety of the reformation period, and on Luther’s relationship with the “mystics.” A nice sample of Luther’s spiritual writings can be found in Luther’s Spirituality in the Classics of Western Spirituality series (= CWS). Volumes 40-43 of Luther’s Works are also relevant. For a sample of the secondary resources on Luther see:

Borreson, Glenn L. “Luther’s Morning and Evening Prayers as Baptismal Spirituality.” Word & World 22, no. 1 (2002): 55-63.

Couenhoven, Jesse. “Grace as Pardon and Power : Pictures of the Christian Life in Luther, Calvin, and Barth.” Journal of Religious Ethics 28, no. 1 (2000): 63-88.

Hanson, Bradley. “Lutheran Wariness of Prayer Disciplines.” Dialog (Minnesota) 27 (1985): 141-44.

Hendrix, Scott H. “Martin Luther’s Reformation of Spirituality.” In Harvesting Martin Luther’s Reflections on Theology, Ethics, and the Church, 240-60. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004.

Hinkle, Mary E. Signs of Belonging : Luther’s Marks of the Church and the Christian Life, Lutheran Voices; Variation: Lutheran Voices. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Fortress, 2003.

Hoffman, Bengt R. “On the Relationship between the Mystical Faith and Moral Life in Luther’s Thought.” In Encounters with Luther, 1, 236-58. Gettysburg, Penn: Inst for Luther Studies, 1980.

Hoffman, Bengt Runo Hoffman Pearl Willemssen. Theology of the Heart : The Role of Mysticism in the Theology of Martin Luther. Minneapolis, Minn.: Kirk House, 2003.

Kärkkäinen, Veli-Matti. “Salvation as Justification and Theosis: The Contribution of the New Finnish Luther Interpretation to Our Ecumenical Future.” Dialog 45, no. 1 (2006): 74-82.

Kelly, Robert A. “Oratio, Meditatio, Tentatio Faciunt Theologum : Luther’s Piety and the Formation of Theologians.” Consensus 19, no. 1 (1993): 9-27.

Krey, Philip D. W. “Luther and the Care of Souls: Pastoral Theology and Spiritual Life in the Lutheran Tradition.” Seminary Ridge Review 11, no. 1-2 (2009): 83-96.

Luther, Martin Krey Philip D., and Peter D. S. Krey. “Luther’s Spirituality.” In The classics of Western spirituality;Paulist Press, 2007.

McGinn, Bernard. “Vere Tu Es Deus Absconditus: The Hidden God in Luther and Some Mystics.” In Silence and the Word, 94-114. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ Pr, 2002.

Ngien, Dennis. Luther as a Spiritual Adviser : The Interface of Theology and Piety in Luther’s Devotional Writings, Studies in Christian History and Thought; Variation: Studies in Christian History and Thought. Bletchley: Paternoster, 2007.

Nugent, Donald Christopher. “Mystical and Evangelical Theology in Martin Luther and St John of the Cross.” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 28, no. 4 (1991): 555-65.

Pourchot, Daniel. “Prayer: According to Luther and the Church of the Augsburg Confession.” Ecumenism, no. 162 (2006): 8-10.

Russell, William R. “Praying for Reform : Martin Luther, Prayer, and the Christian Life.” In Lutheran voices;Augsburg Fortress, 2005.

Seabright, Russell. “Luther’s Perspectives on Spirituality.” Trinity Seminary Review 8, no. 1 (1986): 3-9.

Senn, Frank C. “Lutheran Spirituality.” In Protestant Spiritual Traditions, 9-54. New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1986.

Wicks, Jared. Luther and His Spiritual Legacy, Theology and Life Series. Wilmington, Del.: M. Glazier, 1983.

Wicks, Jared. Man Yearning for Grace; Luther’s Early Spiritual Teaching. Washington: Corpus Books, 1968.

Wood, Arthur Skevington. “Spirit and Spirituality in Luther.” Evangelical Quarterly 61 (1989): 311-33.

Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564

Again, much has been written about Jean Calvin. In recent years Calvin’s doctrine of mystical union, his doctrine of salvation, his understanding of the Spirit, his approach to prayer and sacramental spirituality, and his approach to spirituality and politics (Geneva), and his approach to church discipline are worth exploring. Chapters 6-10 of Book three of his Institutes of the Christian Religion were published separately and named “The Golden Booklet of the Christian Life”. They are very helpful to an understanding of Calvin’s understanding of spirituality. A good sampling of Calvin’s spirituality can be found in Leith’s selection found in John Calvin: The Christian Life. A sample of secondary works on John Calvin include the following:

Beeke, Joel R. “Calvin’s Piety.” Mid-America Journal of Theology 15 (2004): 33-65.

Beeke, Joel R. The Quest for Full Assurance : The Legacy of Calvin and His Successors. Edinburgh: Carlisle, Pa. : Banner of Truth, 1999. See also Joel Beeke’s essay on “Calvin on Piety” found in the Cambridge Companion to Calvin, chapter 8

Bentley, Wessel. “Calvin and the Holy Spirit as Fons Vitae.” Studia historiae ecclesiasticae 35, no. 2 (2009): 77-85.

Billings, J. Todd. “John Calvin’s Soteriology: On the Multifaceted ‘Sum’ of the Gospel.” International Journal of Systematic Theology 11, no. 4 (2009): 428-47.

Bouwsma, William James. “The Spirituality of John Calvin.” In Christian Spirituality, 318-33. New York: Crossroad, 1987.

Broeyer, F. G. M. “A Pure City : Calvin’s Geneva.” In Quest for Purity, 37-61. Berlin

New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1988.

Calvin, Jean Beeke Joel R. The Soul of Life : The Piety of John Calvin, Profiles in Reformed Spirituality; Variation: Profiles in Reformed Spirituality. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Reformation Heritage Books, 2009.

Canlis, Julie. “Calvin, Osiander, and Participation in God.” International Journal of Systematic Theology 6, no. 2 (2004): 169-84.

Canlis, Julie. Calvin’s Ladder : A Spiritual Theology of Ascent and Ascension. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 2010.

Chase, Steven. “Prayer as Familiar Conversation.” Reformed Review (Online) 57, no. 3 (2004).

Cheng, Yang-en. “Calvin on the Work of the Holy Spirit and Spiritual Gifts.” Taiwan Journal of Theology, no. 27 (2005): 173-206.

Chung, Sueng Hoon. Spirituality and Social Ethics in John Calvin : A Pneumatological Perspective. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2000.

Dumermuth, C. F. “The Holy Spirit, Calvin and the Poor.” Asia Journal of Theology 8, no. 2 (1994): 407-09.

Fisk, Philip J. “Calvin’s Metaphysics of Our Union with Christ.” International Journal of Systematic Theology 11, no. 3 (2009): 309-31.

Foxgrover, David L. Calvin and Spirituality : Papers Presented at the 10th Colloquium of the Calvin Studies Society, May 18-20, 1995, Calvin Theological Seminary. Calvin and His Contemporaries : Colleagues, Friends and Conflicts : Papers Presented at the 11th Colloquium of the Calvin Studies Society, April 24-26, 1997, Louisville Theological Seminary. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Published for the Calvin Studies Society by CRC Product Services, 1998.

Gamble, Richard C. “Calvin and Sixteenth-Century Spirituality : Comparison with the Anabaptists.” Calvin Theological Journal 31, no. 2 (1996): 335-58.

Gambrell, David. “The Reform of Church Prayers.” Call to Worship 43, no. 1 (2009): 26-28.

Hageman, Howard G. “Reformed Spirituality.” In Protestant Spiritual Traditions, 55-79. New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1986.

Han, Chul-Ha. “Belief and Unbelief in Prayer : A Comparison between Calvin and Karl Barth.” Evangelical Review of Theology 9, no. 4 (1985): 348-58.

Hesselink, I. John. “Calvin, the Holy Spirit, and Mystical Union.” Perspectives 13, no. 1 (1998): 15-18.

Johnson, Marcus P. “Luther and Calvin on Union with Christ.” Fides et historia 39, no. 2 (2007): 59-77.

Jones, Serene. Calvin and the Rhetoric of Piety. 1st ed, Columbia Series in Reformed Theology;. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press, 1995.

Lee, Sou-young. “Calvin’s Understanding of Pietas.” In Calvinus Sincerioris Religionis Vindex, 225-39. Kirksville, Mo: Sixteenth Century Journal Pub, 1997.

Leith, John H. John Calvin’s Doctrine of the Christian Life. 1st ed. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1989.

Leith, John H. ed. John Calvin: The Christian Life. ???

Leithart, Peter J. “Stoic Elements in Calvin’s Doctrine of the Christian Life.” Westminster Theological Journal 56, no. 1 (1994): 59-85.

Leithart, Peter J. “Stoic Elements in Calvin’s Doctrine of the Christian Life.” Westminster Theological Journal 55, no. 2 (1993): 191-208.

Leithart, Peter J. “Stoic Elements in Calvin’s Doctrine of the Christian Life.” Westminster Theological Journal 55, no. 1 (1993): 31-54.

McClean, John. “Perichoresis, Theosis and Union with Christ in the Thought of John Calvin.” Reformed Theological Review 68, no. 2 (2009): 130-41.

McGrath, Alister E. “Reformation Spirituality : Historical Resources, Contemporary Possibilities.” Drew Gateway 60 (1991): 3-100.

McKee, Elsie Anne. “Calvin and Praying for “All People Who Dwell on Earth”.” Interpretation 63, no. 2 (2009): 130-40.

Rainbow, Jonathan H. “Double Grace : John Calvin’s View of the Relationship of Justification and Sanctification.” Ex auditu 5 (1989): 99-105.

Richard, Lucien J. Spirituality of John Calvin. Atlanta: Knox, 1974.

Smit, Laura. “”The Depth Behind Things”: Toward a Calvinist Sacramental Theology.” In Radical Orthodoxy and the Reformed Tradition, 205-27. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2005.

Tamburello, Dennis E. Union with Christ : John Calvin and the Mysticism of St. Bernard. 1st ed, Columbia Series in Reformed Theology;. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press, 1994.

Torrance, Thomas F. “Legal and Evangelical Priests : The Holy Ministry as Reflected in Calvin’s Prayers.” In Calvin’s Books, 63-74. Heerenveen: J J Groen & Zoon, 1997.

Wallace, Ronald S. Calvin’s Doctrine of the Christian Life. Eugene, Or.: Wipf and Stock, 1997.

Wenger, Thomas L. “The New Perspective on Calvin: Responding to Recent Calvin Interpretations.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 50, no. 2 (2007): 311-28.

Winecoff, David K. “Calvin’s Doctrine of Mortification.” Presbyterion 13, no. 2 (1987): 85-101.

Zachman, Randall C. “‘Deny Yourself and Take up Your Cross’: John Calvin on the Christian Life.” International Journal of Systematic Theology 11, no. 4 (2009): 466-82.

For websites, see the site of the Calvin Studies Society at http://www.calvinstudiessociety.org/

NOTE: When we move from the central figures of Luther and Calvin to the rest of the Reformation figures, the amount of literature greatly decreases. This is why I have included a few sources in languages other than English. A good place to start is Early Protestant Spirituality in CWS. It includes introductions and samples from such figures as Zwingli, Bucer, Schwenkfeld, Melanchthon, Cranmer, Coverdale, Calvin, Katherina Schütz Zell, Müntzer, Karstadt, Bullinger and others).

Melanchthon, Philipp, 1497-1560

Barth, Hm. “Die Frömmigkeit Philipp Melanchthons Und Ihr Schatten (= the Piety of Philipp Melanchthon and Its Shadow”). Luther 71, no. 2 (2000): 85-97.

Jung, Martin. Frömmigkeit Und Theologie Bei Philipp Melanchthon : Das Gebet Im Leben Und in Der Lehre Des Reformators, Beiträge Zur Historischen Theologie (= Prayer in the Life and in the Teachings of the Reformers),; 102;. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1998.

Klann, H. Richard. “Righteousness and Holiness : A Study of Articles Iii-Vi of the Formula of Concord.” Concordia Journal 5, no. 3 (1979): 95-106.

Manschreck, Clyde Leonard. “Melanchthon and Prayer.” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 51, no. 2 (1960): 145-58.

Muehlenberg, Ekkehard. “Syngergia and Justification by Faith.” In Discord, Dialogue, and Concord, 15-37. Philadelphia: Fortress Pr, 1977.

Wengert, Timothy J. “Philip Melanchthon (1497-1560) and His Recently Discovered Prayer for the Church.” Lutheran Quarterly 11, no. 2 (1997): 131-42.

Melanchthon’s works are available online (for those who have the right library) through Yale’s Jonathan Edwards Center (http://edwards.yale.edu/node/131).

Zwingli, Ulrich, 1484-1531

Lutz, Samuel. Ergib Dich Ihm Ganz : Huldrych Zwinglis Gebet Als Ausdruck Seiner Frömmigkeit Und Theologie. Zürich: Theologischer Verlag, 1993.

Byrd, Charles H., II. “Pentecostalism’s Anabaptist Heritage: The Zofingen Disputation of 1532.” Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Association 28, no. 1 (2008): 49-61.

Haas, Martin. “The Path of the Anabaptists into Separation : The Interdependence of Theology and Social Behaviour.” In Anabaptists and Thomas Müntzer, 72-84. Dubuque, Iowa

Toronto: Kendall/Hunt Pub Co, 1980.

Ngun, Richard. “A Survey of the Role of the Law in Sanctification among Selected Calvinists.” Stulos 8, no. 1-2 (2000): 45-71.

Stephens, Peter. “The Gifts of the Spirit in the Church.” In Holy Spirit, 125-57. Nashville: Tidings, 1974.

Wandel, Lee Palmer. “Zwingli and Reformed Practice.” In Educating People of Faith, 270-93. Grand Rapids

Cambridge: Eerdmans, 2004.

Some of Zwingli’s works can be found at the Online Library of Liberty (http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=1682&chapter=3736&layout=html&Itemid=27)

Bucer, Martin, 1491-1551 (dominican)

Bucer, Martin. Instruction in Christian Love, 1523. Richmond: John Knox Press, 1952. This work has recently been reprinted by Wipf and Stock Publishing (Eugene, OR).

Bucer, Martin Whitaker E. C., Martin Bucer, legitima De ordinatione, English, and Latin. Martin Bucer and the Book of Common Prayer Uniform Title: Censura. English & Latin, Alcuin Club Collections: Great Wakering [Eng.] Mayhew-McCrimmon [for the] Alcuin Club, 1974.

Eells, Hastings, and Yale University. Louis Stern Memorial Fund. Martin Bucer. New Haven,

London,: Yale university press;

H. Milford, Oxford university press, 1931.

Greschat, Martin. Martin Bucer : A Reformer and His Times. 1st ed. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2004.

Stephens, W. P. The Holy Spirit in the Theology of Martin Bucer: [London] Cambridge University Press, 1970.

Tait, Edwin Robert. “A Method for the Christian Life : Martin Bucer and the Sermon on the Mount.” x, 361 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Duke University, 2005.

Selderhuis, H. J. Marriage and Divorce in the Thought of Martin Bucer, Sixteenth Century Essays & Studies. Kirksville, Mo.: Thomas Jefferson University Press at Truman State University, 1999.

Thompson, Nicholas. Eucharistic Sacrifice and Patristic Tradition in the Theology of Martin Bucer, 1534-1546, Studies in the History of Christian Traditions,. Leiden ; Boston: Brill, 2005.

Wright, David F. Martin Bucer : Reforming Church and Community. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Amos, N. Scott. “Martin Bucer and the Revision of the 1549 Book of Common Prayer: Reform of Ceremonies and the Didactic Use of Ritual.” Reformation & Renaissance Review, no. 2 (1999): 107-26.

Black, J. William. “From Martin Bucer to Richard Baxter: “Discipline” and Reformation in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century England.” Church History 70, no. 4 (2001): 644-73.

Burnett, Amy Nelson. “Church Discipline and Moral Reformation in the Thought of Martin Bucer.” Sixteenth Century Journal 22, no. 3 (1991): 439-56.

Hazlett, Ian. “Was Bucer an ‘Aérian’? The Question of Praying for the Dead.” Reformation & Renaissance Review 4, no. 2 (2002): 135-51.

Kirby, W. J. Torrance. “Lay Supremacy: Reform of the Canon Law of England from Henry Viii to Elizabeth I (1529-1571).” Reformation & Renaissance Review 8, no. 3 (2006): 349-70.

Koch, Gustave, and Paul Ayris. “The Christian Life in the Light of the ‘Summary’ of Martin Bucer of 1523.” Reformation & Renaissance Review 3, no. 1-2 (2001): 140-51.

Kroon, Marijn De. “Martin Bucer and the Problem of Tolerance.” Sixteenth Century Journal 19, no. 2 (1988): 157-68.

One web site is of interest. It contains nearly the entire Bucer corpus (in Latin). See

http://sites.google.com/site/bucerforfree/

Thomas Cranmer – (1489-1556)

Ayris, Paul, and D. G. Selwyn. Thomas Cranmer : Churchman and Scholar. New York: Boydell Press, 1993.

Buley, David Michael. “Eloquence as the Essence of Common Prayer : Cranmer’s Liturgical Language.” viii, 238 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Drew University, 2004.

Cranmer, Thomas, Edmund Bishop, and J. Wickham Legg. Cranmer’s Liturgical Projects, Henry Bradshaw Society. [Publications]; Vol. 50; Variation: Henry Bradshaw Society.; Publications ;; Vol. 50. London: [Harrison], 1915.

Jeanes, Gordon P. “Signs of God’s Promise : Thomas Cranmer’s Sacramental Theology and the Book of Common Prayer.” New York, 2008.

Leuenberger, Samuel. Archbishop Cranmer’s Immortal Bequest : The Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England : An Evangelistic Liturgy. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans, 1990.

MacCulloch, Diarmaid. Thomas Cranmer : A Life. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1996.

Ridley, Jasper Godwin. Thomas Cranmer. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962.

Badie, Katie. “The Prayer of Humble Access.” Churchman 120, no. 2 (2006): 103-17.

Cassels-Brown, Alastair. “Music as an Expression of Anglican Spirituality.” In Angican Spirituality, 121-33. Wilton, Conn: Morehouse-Barlow, 1982.

Hatchett, Marion J. “The Bible in Worship.” In Anglicanism and the Bible, 81-115. Wilton, Conn

New York, NY: Morehouse Barlow, 1984.

Moreton, Michael. “The Language of the Christian Mystery of Redemption.” In Signs of Faith, Hope, and Love, 45-56. London: St Mary’s, 1987.

Null, Ashley. “Salvation and Sanctification in the Book of Homilies.” Reformed Theological Review 62, no. 1 (2003): 14-28.

Nutting, Willis Dwight. “A Pattern for Prayer.” Worship 33, no. 8 (1959): 537-42.

Shepard, Robert F. “Cranmer’s Prayer Books and the Redemptive Process : Introductory Notes to a Psychobiological Approach.” Anglican Theological Review 53, no. 3 (1971): 138-58.

Soroka, George B. “An Eastern Heritage in a Western Rite: A Study of Source and Method for Archbishop Cranmer’s Inclusion of ‘a Prayer of Chrysostome’ in the English Litany of 1544.” Reformation & Renaissance Review 7, no. 2-3 (2005): 249-67.

Starmann, Joseph. “The Anglican Liturgical Revival.” Worship 29, no. 7 (1955): 368-82.

Sykes, Stephen W. Bp. “Cranmer on the Open Heart.” In This Sacred History, 1-20. Cambridge, Mass: Cowley Pubns, 1990.

The Homilies can be found at http://www.footstoolpublications.com/Homilies/Homilies.htm.

The 1549 Book of Common Prayer can be found at http://www.archive.org/details/firstbookofcommo00waltuoft

The works of Cranmer are available at Google Books (though not for download)

Thomas Hooker – (1554-1600)

Booty, John E. Three Anglican Divines on Prayer : Jewel, Andrewes, and Hooker : Lectures Given for the Society of St. John the Evangelist, Cambridge, Mass., Nov. 1977. Cambridge, Mass.: The Society, 1978.

Brydon, Michael. The Evolving Reputation of Richard Hooker : An Examination of Responses, 1600-1714. Oxford: New York, 2006.

Devine, Joseph G. “Richard Hooker’s Doctrine of Justification and Sanctification in the Debate with Walter Travers 1585-1586.” [3], vi, 383 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Hartford Seminary Foundation, 1976.

Faulkner, Robert K. Richard Hooker and the Politics of a Christian England. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981.

Kirby, W. J. Torrance. “A Companion to Richard Hooker.” In Brill’s companions to the Christian tradition,; v. 8; Variation: Brill’s companions to the Christian tradition ;; v. 8.Boston, 2008.

Munz, Peter. The Place of Hooker in the History of Thought. London: Routledge & Paul, 1952.

Simut, Corneliu C. “Richard Hooker and His Early Doctrine of Justification : A Study of His Discourse of Justification.” In Ashgate new critical thinking in religion, theology, and biblical studies;Burlington, VT, 2005.

Thornburg, Charles Michael. Original Sin, Justification and Sanctification in the Thought of Two Sixteenth Century English Divines, John Jewel and Richard Hooker. Hartford: Hartford Seminary Foundation, 1977.

Voak, Nigel. “Richard Hooker and Reformed Theology : A Study of Reason, Will, and Grace.” In Oxford theological monographs;New York, 2003.

Wolf, William J. Booty John E., Owen C. joint author. Thomas, and author joint. The Spirit of Anglicanism : Hooker, Maurice, Temple. Wilton, Conn.: Morehouse-Barlow Co., 1979.

Booty, John E. “Contrition in Anglican Spirituality : Hooker, Donne and Herbert.” In Angican Spirituality, 25-48. Wilton, Conn: Morehouse-Barlow, 1982.

Booty, John E. “The Spirituality of Participation in Richard Hooker.” Sewanee Theological Review 38, no. 1 (1994): 9-20.

Grislis, Egil. “The Anglican Spirituality of Richard Hooker.” Toronto Journal of Theology 12, no. 1 (1996): 35-45.

Grislis, Egil. “Richard Hooker and Mysticism.” Anglican Theological Review 87, no. 2 (2005): 253-71.

Horst, Irvin B. “Anapaptists in English Literature : A Research Note.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 29, no. 3 (1955): 232-39.

Hudson, Nicholas. “Three Steps to Perfection : Rasselas and the Philosophy of Richard Hooker.” Eighteenth Century Life 14, no. 3 (1990): 29-39.

Luoma, John K. “Who Owns the Fathers : Hooker and Cartwright on the Authority of the Primitive Church.” Sixteenth Century Journal 8, no. 3 (1977): 45-60.

McGrade, Arthur S. “Public and the Religious in Hooker’s Polity.” Church History 37, no. 4 (1968): 404-22.

McGrade, Arthur S. “Repentance and Spiritual Power : Book Vi of Richard Hooker’s of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 29, no. 2 (1978): 163-76.

McGrade, Arthur S. Richard Hooker and the Construction of Christian Community, Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies. Tempe, Az: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1997.

Schwarz, Robert C. “Dignified and Commodious : Richard Hooker’s “Mysticall Copulation” Metaphor.” Sewanee Theological Review 43, no. 1 (1999): 16-30.

Slocum, Robert B. “An Answering Heart: Reflections on Saving Participation.” In Simul Iustus Et Peccator, 56-64. Sewanee, Tenn: School of Theology of The Univ of the South, 2003.

Stevenson, Kenneth W. Bp. “Richard Hooker and the Lord’s Prayer: A Chapter in Reformation Controversy.” Scottish Journal of Theology 57, no. 1 (2004): 39-55.

The works of Hooker are available at http://anglicanhistory.org/hooker/ and at

http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php 3Ftitle=921&Itemid=99999999

John Knox – (1510-1572)

Fitch, William Benedict Tyrie James, and Knox Refutation of Iohne. The Rule of Perfection, English Recusant Literature, 1558-1640,; V. 40;: Menston], 1970.

Knox, John ca. The History of the Reformation of the Church of Scotland; Containing Five Books: Together with Some Treatises Conducing to the History. To All Which Is Subjoin’d, an Alphabetical Index … Published by Authority. Edinburgh: Re-printed by T. Lumisden and J. Robertson, 1731.

Marshall, Rosalind Kay. John Knox. Edinburgh: Birlinn, 2000.

Reid, W. Stanford. Trumpeter of God; a Biography of John Knox. New York: Scribner, 1974.

Ridley, Jasper Godwin. John Knox. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Sefton, Henry R. Knox John, and ca. John Knox : An Account of the Development of His Spirituality, Variation: The Devotional Library. Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press, 1993.

Burrell, S. A. “The Covenant Idea as a Revolutionary Symbol : Scotland 1596-1637.” Church History 27, no. 4 (1958): 338-50.

Kyle, Richard G. “John Knox and the Care of Souls.” Calvin Theological Journal 38, no. 1 (2003): 125-38.

McCord, James I. “Faith of John Knox.” Theology Today 29, no. 3 (1972): 239-45.

Reid, W. Stanford. “John Knox, Pastor of Souls.” Westminster Theological Journal 40, no. 1 (1977): 1-21.

Strimple, Robert B. “Jesus and the Church, a Critical Study of the Christology of John Knox.” Westminster Theological Journal 35, no. 1 (1972): 36-64.

Torrance, Iain R. “Patrick Hamilton and John Knox : A Study in the Doctrine of Justification by Faith.” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 65 (1974): 171-84.

Winter, Robert Milton. “Presbyterians and Prayers for the Sick : Changing Patterns of Pastoral Ministry.” American Presbyterians 64, no. 3 (1986): 141-55.

Radical Reformation Expressions – See initially the following:

Williams, George Huntston, Juan de ed. Valdés, and d. Spiritual and Anabaptist Writers : Documents Illustrative of the Radical Reformation, The Library of Christian Classics. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1957.

Dyck, Cornelius J. Martin Dennis D. The Mennonite Encyclopedia; a Comprehensive Reference Work on the Anabaptist-Mennonite Movement. 5 vols. Hillsboro: Kan., Mennonite Brethren Pub. House, 1955. See also the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online (GAMEO) at http://www.gameo.org/.

Estep, William Roscoe. The Anabaptist Story. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1975.

Erb, Peter C. “Anabaptist Spirituality.” In Protestant Spiritual Traditions, 80-124. New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1986.

Liechty, Daniel. Early Anabaptist Spirituality : Selected Writings, Classics of Western Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 1994.

Roth, John D., and James M. Stayer. A Companion to Anabaptism and Spiritualism, 1521-1700, Brill’s Companions to the Christian Tradition,; V. 6;. Leiden: Boston, 2007.

Web links can be found at http://cat.xula.edu/tpr/links/radical/ [some links out of date]. The well known Seventeenth century Martyr’s Mirror, full of stories of the early Anabaptist martyrs can be found at http://www.homecomers.org/mirror/contents.htm.

Müntzer, Thomas, 1488?-1543

Müntzer, Thomas Müntzer Thomas, Theologe Deutschland Revolutionär, Thomas ger. Müntzer, Théologien Allemagne Révolutionnaire, Thomas fre. Müntzer, Theologist Germany Revolutionary, and eng. Ausslegung Des Andern Unterschyds Danielis Dess Propheten : Die Fürstenpredigt. Berlin: Union Verlag, 1975.

Sources for contemporary spirituality: Anabaptist and Pietist contributions

Full Text Available By: Finger, Thomas N.. Source: Brethren Life and Thought, 51 no 1-2 Wint-Spr 2006, p 28-53.

Goertz, Hans Jürgen. “Mystic with the Hammer : Thomas Müntzer’s Theological Basis for Revolution.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 50, no. 2 (1976): 83-113.

Goertz, Hans Jürgen. “Thomas Müntzer : Revolutionary between the Middle Ages and Modernity.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 64, no. 1 (1990): 23-31.

Goertz, Hans Jürgen. “Thomas Muntzer : Revolutionary in a Mystical Spirit.” In Profiles of Radical Reformers, 29-44. Kitchener, Ont: Herald Press, 1982.

Goertz, Hans Jürgen, Peter Matheson, and Jocelyn Jaquiery. Thomas Müntzer, Apocalyptic, Mystic, and Revolutionary. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1994.

Stayer, James M. “Thomas Müntzer’s Protestation and Imaginary Faith.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 55, no. 2 (1981): 99-130.

Williams, George Huntston. “The Radical Reformation Revisited.” Union Seminary Quarterly Review 39, no. 1-2 (1984): 1-24.

Zuck, Lowell H. “Spiritual Renewal in the Radical Reformation Tradition.” Brethren Life and Thought 26, no. 1 (1981): 18-30.

Friedman, Jerome. “The Spiritualist Paradigm : An Essay on the Ideological Foundations of the German Revolution.” In Regnum, Religio Et Ratio, 41-52. Kirksville, Mo: Sixteenth Century Journal Pubs, 1987.

Rupp, Ernest Gordon. “Word and Spirit in the First Years of the Reformation.” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 49, no. 1-2 (1958): 13-26.

Hoffmann, Melchior, 1495-1543

Deppermann, Klaus Drewery Benjamin. Melchior Hoffman : Social Unrest and Apocalyptic Visions in the Age of Reformation. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1987.

Bailey, Richard G. “Some Remarks on St Bernard of Clairvaux as a Literary Source for Melchior Hoffman’s Commentary Dat Boeck Cantica Canticorum.” Sixteenth Century Journal 22, no. 1 (1991): 91-96.

Bailey, Richard G. “Some Remarks on St Bernard of Clairvaux as a Literary Source for Melchior Hoffman’s Commentary Dat Boeck Cantica Canticorum.” Sixteenth Century Journal 22, no. 1 (1991): 91-96.

Hoffman, Bengt R. “On the Relationship between the Mystical Faith and Moral Life in Luther’s Thought.” In Encounters with Luther, 1, 236-58. Gettysburg, Penn: Inst for Luther Studies, 1980.

Isaak, Helmut. “The Struggle for an Evangelical Town.” In Dutch Dissenters, 66-82. Leiden: E J Brill, 1986.

Meihuizen, Hendrik W. “Spiritualistic Tendencies and Movements among the Dutch Mennonites of the 16th and 17th Centuries.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 27, no. 4 (1953): 259-304.

Ollenburger, Ben C. “The Hermeneutics of Obedience.” In Essays on Biblical Interpretation, 45-61. Elkhart, Ind: Institute of Mennonite Studies, 1984.

Packull, Werner O. “Melchior Hoffman’s Experience in the Livonian Reformation : The Dynamics of Sect Formation.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 59, no. 2 (1985): 130-46.

Packull, Werner O. “A Reinterpretation of Melchior Hoffman’s Exposition against the Background of Spiritualist Franciscan Eschatology with Special Reference to Peter John Olivi.” In Dutch Dissenters, 32-65. Leiden: E J Brill, 1986.

Pater, Calvin Augustine. “Melchior Hoffman’s Explication of the Songs of Songs.” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 68 (1977): 173-90.

Stayer, James M. “Melchior Hofmann and the Sword.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 45, no. 3 (1971): 265-77.

Grebel, Conrad, 1498-1526

Bender, Harold Stauffer. Conrad Grebel, C. 1498-1526 : The Founder of the Swiss Brethren Sometimes Called Anabaptists. Goshen, Ind.: Mennonite Historical Society, 1950.

Grebel, Konrad, and Leland Harder. The Sources of Swiss Anabaptism : The Grebel Letters and Related Documents, Classics of the Radical Reformation. Scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1985.

Bender, Harold Stauffer. “Conrad Grebel, the First Leader of the Swiss Brethren (Anabaptists). I, Youth and Early University Years.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 10, no. 1 (1936): 5-45.

Stayer, James M. “Thomas Müntzer’s Protestation and Imaginary Faith.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 55, no. 2 (1981): 99-130.

Yoder, Edward. “Conrad Grebel as a Humanist.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 3, no. 2 (1929): 132-46.

Manz, Felix, 1490-1527

Friesen, Abraham. “Acts 10 : The Baptism of Cornelius as Interpreted by Thomas Müntzer and Felix Manz.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 64, no. 1 (1990): 5-22.

Klaassen, William. “Modern Anabaptist Research.” Baptist Quarterly 18, no. 1 (1959): 12-25.

Krajewski, Ekkehard. “Theology of Felix Manz.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 36, no. 1 (1962): 76-87.

Sattler, Michael, 1490-1527 (There has been a fair amoount of discussion regarding Sattler’s Benedictine background and the Benedictine sources of Anabaptism – This discussion makes for some interesting spirituality-related reflection)

Augsburger, Myron S. Pilgrim Aflame. Scottdale: Pa., Herald Press, 1967.

Snyder, C. Arnold. The Life and Thought of Michael Sattler, Studies in Anabaptist and Mennonite History. Scottdale, Penn.: Herald Press, 1984.

Yoder, John Howard comp Sattler Michael, and d. The Legacy of Michael Sattler, Classics of the Radical Reformation,; 1;. Scottdale: Pa., Herald Press, 1973.

Augsburger, Myron S. “Michael Sattler (D 1527) : Theologian of the Swiss Brethren Movement.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 40, no. 3 (1966): 238-39.

De Bhaldraithe, Eoin. “Michael Sattler, Benedictine and Anabaptist.” Downside Review 105, no. 359 (1987): 111-31.

Horsch, John. “The Faith of the Swiss Brethren. [1].” Mennonite Quarterly Review 4, no. 4 (1930): 241-66.

Martin, Dennis D. “Monks, Mendicants and Anabaptists : Michael Sattler and Benedictines Reconsidered.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 60, no. 2 (1986): 139-64.

Sattler, Michael. “Early Anabaptist Tract on Hermeneutics.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 42, no. 1 (1968): 26-44.

Snyder, C. Arnold. “Michael Sattler, Benedictine : Dennis Martin’s Objections Reconsidered.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 61, no. 3 (1987): 262-79.

Snyder, C. Arnold. “The Monastic Origins of Swiss Anabaptist Sectarianism.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 57, no. 1 (1983): 5-26.

Swartzentruber, A. Orley. “The Piety and Theology of the Anabaptist Martyrs in Van Braght’s Martyrs’ Mirror.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 28, no. 1 (1954): 5-26.

Weaver, J. Denny. “Discipleship Redefined : Four Sixteenth Century Anabaptists.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 54, no. 4 (1980): 255-79.

Winter, Sean F. “Michael Sattler and the Schleitheim Articles : A Study in the Background to the First Anabaptist Confession of Faith.” Baptist Quarterly 34, no. 2 (1991): 52-66.

Hubmaier, Balthasar, 1480-1528

Bergsten, Torsten Estep William Roscoe. Balthasar Hubmaier : Anabaptist Theologian and Martyr. Valley Forge, Pa.: Judson Press, 1978.

Hubmaier, Balthasar d Lewis W. O. Davidson George Diuguid. The Writings of Balthasar Hubmaier. 6 vols1939.

Hubmaier, Balthasar d Pipkin H. Wayne Yoder John Howard. Balthasar Hubmaier, Theologian of Anabaptism, Classics of the Radical Reformation. Scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1989.

Mabry, Eddie Louis. Balthasar Hubmaier’s Doctrine of the Church. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1994.

Mabry, Eddie Louis. Balthasar Hubmaier’s Understanding of Faith. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1998.

McMullan, William E. “Church Discipline as a Necessary Function of the Visible Church in the Theology of Balthasar Hubmaier.” vii, 133 leaves ; 28 cm Dissertation: Thesis (Th.M.)–Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary, 2003.

Vedder, Henry C. Balthasar Hübmaier; the Leader of the Anabaptists, Heroes of the Reformation;. New York: AMS Press, 1971.

Caner, Emir. “Balthasar Hübmaier and His Theological Participation in the Reformation: Ecclesiology and Soteriology.” Faith and Mission 21, no. 1 (2003): 32-66.

Estep, William Roscoe. “Anabaptist View of Salvation.” Southwestern Journal of Theology 20, no. 2 (1978): 32-49.

Klassen, Walter. “Speaking in Simplicity : Balthasar Hubmaier.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 40, no. 2 (1966): 139-47.

MacGregor, Kirk R. “Hubmaier’s Concord of Predestination with Free Will.” Direction 35, no. 2 (2006): 279-99.

Oyer, John S. “[Hubmaier Studies].” Mennonite Quarterly Review 65, no. 1 (1991): 4-68.

Snyder, Arnold. “Modern Mennonite Reality and Anabaptist Spirituality : Balthasar Hubmaier’s Catechism of 1526.” Conrad Grebel Review 9 (1991): 39-51.

Voth, Gay Lynn. “Anabaptist Liturgical Spirituality and the Supper of Christ.” Direction 34, no. 1 (2005): 3-14.

Weaver, J. Denny. “Discipleship Redefined : Four Sixteenth Century Anabaptists.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 54, no. 4 (1980): 255-79.

Karlstadt, Andreas Bodenstein von, 1480?-1540

Bubenheimer, Ulrich. Gelassenheit Und Ablösung : E. Psychohistor. Studie Über Andreas Bodenstein Von Karlstadt U. Seinen Konflikt Mit Martin Luther, Beiträge Zur Geschichte Der Stadt Karlstadt Und Des Umlandes. Karlstadt: Volkshochsch. Karlstadt, 1981.

Karlstadt, Andreas Rudolff-Bodenstein von ca Furcha Edward J. The Essential Carlstadt : Fifteen Tracts, Classics of the Radical Reformation. Waterloo, Ont.: Scottdale, Pa., 1995.

Karlstadt, Andreas Rudolff-Bodenstein von, and Luther, Martin. Ronald J. Sider ed., Karlstadt’s Battle with Luther : Documents in a Liberal-Radical Debate. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock Pub., 2001.

Pater, Calvin Augustine. Karlstadt as the Father of the Baptist Movements : The Emergence of Lay Protestantism. Toronto: Buffalo, 1984.

Preus, James S. Carlstadt’s Ordinaciones and Luther’s Liberty : A Study of the Wittenberg Movement, 1521-22, Harvard Theological Studies ; 26 [I.E. 27]; Variation: Harvard Theological Studies ;; 27. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Rupp, E. Gordon. Patterns of Reformation. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1969.

Sider, Ronald J. Andreas Bodenstein Von Karlstadt : The Development of His Thought, 1517-1525, Studies in Medieval and Reformation Thought. Leiden: Brill, 1974.

Allen, Edward. “Was Karlstadt a Proto-Sabbatarian?” Andrews University Seminary Studies 44, no. 1 (2006): 131-53.

Beinert, Richard A. “Another Look at Luther’s Battle with Karlstadt.” Concordia Theological Quarterly 73, no. 2 (2009): 155-70.

Furcha, Edward J. “Iconoclast or Regenerator : The Work of Andreas Bodenstein in Reforming the Church of the Sixteenth Century.” In Three Loves, 159-69. Atlanta: Scholars Pr, 1994.

Hillerbrand, Hans Joachim. “Andreas Bodenstein of Carlstadt, Prodigal Reformer.” Church History 35, no. 4 (1966): 379-98.

Karlstadt, Andreas Rudolf. “Karlstadt’s Dialogue on the Lord’s Supper.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 53, no. 1 (1979): 35-77.

Leroux, Neil R. “”In the Christian City of Wittenberg”: Karlstadt’s Tract on Images and Begging.” Sixteenth Century Journal 34, no. 1 (2003): 73-105.

Lindberg, Carter. “Conflicting Models of Ministry : Luther, Karlstadt, and Muentzer.” Concordia Theological Quarterly 41, no. 4 (1977): 35-50.

Lindberg, Carter. “Justice and Injustice in Luther’s Judgment of “Holiness Movements”.” In Luther’s Ecumenical Significance, 161-82. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984.

Lindberg, Carter. “There Should Be No Beggars among Christians : Karlstadt, Luther, and the Origins of Protestant Poor Relief.” Church History 46, no. 3 (1977): 313-34.

Lindberg, Carter. “”There Should Be No Beggars among Christians” : An Early Reformation Tract on Social Welfare.” In Piety, Politics, and Ethics, 157-66. Kirksville, Mo: Sixteenth Cent Journal Publishers, 1984.

Looss, Sigrid. “Radical Views of the Early Andreas Karlstadt (1520-25).” In Radical Tendencies in the Reformation, 42-53. Kirksville, Mo: Sixteenth Century Journal Pub, 1988.

McNiel, William. “Andreas Von Karlstadt as a Humanist Theologian.” In Radical Reformation Studies, 106-19. Aldershot, Eng: Ashgate, 1999.

Pater, Calvin Augustine. “Lay Religion in the Program of Andreas Rudolff-Bodenstein Von Karlstadt.” In Leaders of the Reformation, 99-133. Cranbury, NJ: Associated Univ Pr, 1984.

Rank, Thomas L. “The Destruction of Images: Using Law and Gospel to Restore and Maintain Lutheran Sacramental Piety.” Logia 18, no. 1 (2009): 31-35.

Robinson-Hammerstein, Helga. “The Lutheran Reformation and Its Music.” In Transmission of Ideas in the Lutheran Reformation, 141-71. Dublin: Irish Academic Pr, 1989.

Rupp, Ernest Gordon. “Andrew Karlstadt and Reformation Puritanism.” Journal of Theological Studies 10, no. 2 (1959): 308-26.

Sider, Ronald J. “Andreas Bodenstein Von Karlstadt : Between Liberal and Radical.” In Profiles of Radical Reformers, 45-53. Kitchener, Ont: Herald Press, 1982.

Sider, Ronald J. “Karlstadt’s Orlamünde Theology : A Theology of Regeneration.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 45, no. 4 (1971): 352-76.

Marpeck, Pilgram, d. 1556

Blough, Neal. Christ in Our Midst : Incarnation, Church and Discipleship in the Theology of Pilgram Marpeck, Anabaptist and Mennonite Studies,; 8;. Kitchener, Ont.: Pandora Press, 2007.

Boyd, Stephen Blake. “Pilgram Marpeck : His Life and Social Theology.” In Duke monographs in medieval and Renaissance studiesDuke University Press, 1992.

Dalton, Andrea M. “United with Christ : The Mystical Ecclesiology of Pilgram Marpeck.” [2], 99 p. (in home-made binding) ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (M.A. in Theological Studies)–Associated Mennonite Biblical Seminary, 2008.

Dowhaniuk, Paul Alex. “The Anabaptist Rejection of Spiritualist Tendencies as Exemplified in the Debate between Pilgram Marpeck and Caspar Schwenckfeld.” In Variation: Theological Research Exchange Network (Series) ;; #048-0076., 1988.

Klassen, William. Covenant and Community; the Life, Writings, and Hermeneutics of Pilgram Marpeck. Grand Rapids: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 1968.

Swartley, Willard M. Essays on Biblical Interpretation : Anabaptist-Mennonite Perspectives, Text-Reader Series. Elkhart, Ind.: Institute of Mennonite Studies, 1984.

Rempel, John D. “Marpeck, Pilgram (C. 1495-1556).” In Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters, 220-25. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1998.

Unger, Walter. “The Church “without Spot or Wrinkle”: Testing the Tradition.” Direction 33, no. 1 (2004): 33-47.

Wenger, John Christian. “The Life and Work of Pilgram Marpeck.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 12, no. 3 (1938): 137-66.

Marbeck, Pilgram, William Klassen, and Walter Klaassen. The Writings of Pilgram Marpeck, Classics of the Radical Reformation. Kitchener, Ont. ; Scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1978.

Simons, Menno, 1496-1561

Five separate theses address issues of relevance for the study of Simons and spirituality: for more information on locating these see World Cat.

Gill, Stephan A. “Menno Simons : View of the Holy Spirit.” [1], 12 leaves ; 28 cm.

Gross, Leonard Nov. “Word and Spirit as Understood by Hans Denck and Menno Simons : Senior Thesis.” [2], 41 leaves ; 28 cm.

Retzlaff, Bernhard. “Menno Simons on Christian Experience.” [2], 16, [3] leaves ; 28 cm.

Schrag, Willard A. “Faith and Discipleship as Taught by Menno Simons.” [3], 16, [1] leaves ; 28 cm.

Stoesz, Willis Milton. “The New Creature : Menno Simons’ Understanding of Faith.” p. ; cm. Dissertation: Thesis (B.D.)–Union Theological Seminary (New York, N.Y.). [New York].

Augsburger, Myron S. “The Fugitive : Menno Simons, Spiritual Leader in the Free Church Movement.” Herald Press, 2008.

Littell, Franklin H. A Tribute to Menno Simons. Scottdale: Pa., Herald Press, 1961.

Burkhart, Irvin E. “Menno Simons on the Incarnation. [2].” Mennonite Quarterly Review 4, no. 3 (1930): 178-207.

Horsch, John. “The Faith of the Swiss Brethren. [1].” Mennonite Quarterly Review 4, no. 4 (1930): 241-66.

Meihuizen, Hendrik W. “Spiritualistic Tendencies and Movements among the Dutch Mennonites of the 16th and 17th Centuries.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 27, no. 4 (1953): 259-304.

Unger, Walter. “The Church “without Spot or Wrinkle”: Testing the Tradition.” Direction 33, no. 1 (2004): 33-47.

“Spiritualists” – Anabaptists or Radical Reformers are categorized differently by different interpreters, but the term “spiritualist” is used commonly by many. It is not agreed, however just whom should fit in which category. Is Denck really a spiritualist? Should we include Karlstadt in this category? And so on. In any case, when one is exploring spiritualist reformers, it would be good also to consult Jones, Rufus Matthew. Spiritual Reformers in the 16th & 17th Centuries. London: Macmillan and Co., 1914. and Packull, Werner O. Mysticism and the Early South German-Austrian Anabaptist Movement, 1525-1531, Studies in Anabaptist and Mennonite History. Scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1977.

Denck, Hans, 1500-1527

Denck has been explored as a proto-universalist, as a spirituality, as an Anabaptist, and as an independent radical reformer.

Coutts, Alfred. Hans Denck, 1495-1527, Humanist & Heretic. Edinburgh: Macniven & Wallace, 1927.

Denck, Hans ca Bauman Clarence. The Spiritual Legacy of Hans Denck, Studies in Medieval and Reformation Thought,; V. 47;. Leiden: New York, 1991.

Denck, Hans ca Furcha Edward J. Selected Writings of Hans Denck, 1500-1527, Texts and Studies in Religion. Lewiston, NY, USA: E. Mellen Press, 1989.

Goldbach, Günter. Hans Denck Und Thomas Müntzer, Ein Vergleich Ihrer Wesentlichen Theologischen Auffassungen. Hamburg,1969.

Roehrich, Gustave Guillaume. Essay on the Life, the Writings, and the Doctrine of the Anabaptist, Hans Denk. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1983.

Weis, Frederick Lewis. The Life, Teachings and Works of Johannes Denck, 1495-1527: Strasbourg, 1924.

Gockel, Matthias. “A Reformer’s Dissent from Lutheranism: Reconsidering the Theology of Hans Denck (Ca. 1500-1527).” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 91 (2000): 127-48.

Kiwiet, Jan J. “Theology of Hans Denck.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 32 (1958): 3-27.

Klager, Andrew P. “Passive Sacramentalism and Ontological Soteriology in Hans Denck and Gregory of Nyssa.” Direction 35, no. 2 (2006): 268-78.

McLaughlin, R. Emmet. “Paul in Early Anabaptism.” In Companion to Paul in the Reformation, 215-40. Leiden

Boston: Brill, 2009.

Meihuizen, Hendrik W. “Spiritualistic Tendencies and Movements among the Dutch Mennonites of the 16th and 17th Centuries.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 27, no. 4 (1953): 259-304.

Ollenburger, Ben C. “The Hermeneutics of Obedience.” In Essays on Biblical Interpretation, 45-61. Elkhart, Ind: Institute of Mennonite Studies, 1984.

Packull, Werner O. “Denck’s Alleged Baptism by Hubmaier : Its Significance for the Origin of South German-Austrian Anabaptism.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 47, no. 4 (1973): 327-38.

Packull, Werner O. “Hans Denck : Fugitive from Dogmatism.” In Profiles of Radical Reformers, 62-71. Kitchener, Ont: Herald Press, 1982.

Steinmetz, DC. “19. Hans Denck (1500?-1527).” Reformers in the Wings 1, no. 9 (2001): 146-53.

Weaver, J. Denny. “The Work of Christ : On the Difficulty of Identifying an Anabaptist Perspective.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 59, no. 2 (1985): 107-29.

Wiswedel, Wilhelm. “The Inner and the Outer Word : A Study in the Anabaptist Doctrine of Scripture.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 26, no. 3 (1952): 171-91.

Franck, Sebastian, 1499-1542

Brenning, Robert Wesley. The Ethical Hermeneutic of Sebastian Franck, 1499-1542. [Philadelphia: s.n.], 1979.

Franck, Sebastian Furcha Edward J. 280 Paradoxes or Wondrous Sayings, Texts and Studies in Religion. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, 1986.

Francke, Kuno. The Place of Sebastian Franck and Jakob Boehme in the History of German Literature. [New York City: Columbia University Press, 1926.

Hayden-Roy, Patrick Marshall. The Inner Word and the Outer World : A Biography of Sebastian Franck, Renaissance and Baroque Studies and Texts. New York: P. Lang, 1994.

Hillerbrand, Hans Joachim. A Fellowship of Discontent. [1st ed. New York,: Harper & Row, 1967.

Kintner, Philip L. Sebastian Franck : An American Library Finding-List. [Gütersloh: G. Mohn, 1964.

Nederman, Cary J. Laursen John Christian. Difference and Dissent : Theories of Toleration in Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1996.

Smith, John Frederick. Studies in Religion under German Masters. London, Edinburgh,: Williams and Norgate, 1880.

Toews, John A. “Sebastian Franck, Friend and Critic of Early Anabaptism.” 300 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–University of Minnesota, 1964.

Broadhead, Philip. “In Defence of Magisterial Reformation: Martin Bucer’s Writings against the Spiritualists, 1535.” In Discipline and Diversity, 252-62. Woodbridge: Boydell Pr, 2007.

Dejung, Christoph, Daniìle Burckhardt, and John D. Roth. “A New Look at How Sebastian Franck Found Himself.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 80, no. 1 (2006): 95-100.

Dipple, Geoffrey. “Sebastian Franck in Strasbourg.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 73, no. 4 (1999): 783-802.

Furcha, Edward J. “The Paradoxon as Hermeneutical Principle : The Case of Sebastian Franck, 1499-1542.” In Spirit within Structure, 99-116. Allison Park, Penn: Pickwick Publ, 1983.

Furcha, Edward J. “Sebastian Franck – an Exponent of Truth.” In Truth and Tolerance, 1-12. Montreal: McGill Univ, 1990.

Hayden-Roy, Priscilla A. “Sebastian Franck (1499-1542).” In German Writers of the Renaissance and Reformation 1280-1580, 70-82. Detroit: Gale Research, 1997.

Hayden-Roy, Patrick Marshall. “”The Folly of the Swinish, Brutish, Mutinous, Fickle, Many-Headed Rabble”: Social Order in the Theology of Sebastian Franck.” Sixteenth Century Journal 39, no. 4 (2008): 947-71.

Müller, Jan Dirk. Sebastian Franck, 1499-1542, Wolfenbütteler Forschungen. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1993.

Ozment, Steven E. “Sebastian Franck : Critic of the “New Scholastics”.” In Profiles of Radical Reformers, 226-33. Kitchener, Ont: Herald Press, 1982.

Peters, Eugene H. “Sebastian Franck’s Theory of Religious Knowledge.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 35, no. 4 (1961): 267-81.

Schwenkfeld von Ossig, Caspar, 1489?-1561

Alexander, Charles Beatty, and Society of the descendants of the Schwenkfeldian exiles. [from old catalog]. Kaspar Von Schwenkfeld, His Life, Christology and Theology. New York,: The Evening post job printing office, inc., 1926.

Erb, PC. “Schwenckfeld in His Reformation Setting.” Valley Forge: Judson Press, 1978.

Erb, PC. Schwenckfeld and Early Schwenkfeldianism: Schwenkfelder Library, 1986.

Maier, Paul L. Caspar Schwenckfeld on the Person and Work of Christ; a Study of Schwenckfeldian Theology at Its Core. Assen,: Van Gorcum, 1959.

McLaughlin, R. Emmet. Caspar Schwenckfeld, Reluctant Radical : His Life to 1540, Yale Historical Publications Miscellany. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

McLaughlin, R. Emmet. The Freedom of Spirit, Social Privilege, and Religious Dissent: Caspar Schwenckfeld and the Schwenckfelders, Bibliotheca Dissidentium. Scripta Et Studia. Baden-Baden, Germany: Valentin Koerner, 1996.

Schultz, Christopher, Elmer Schultz Gerhard, and Schwenkfelder Church. A Vindication of Caspar Schwenckfeld Von Ossig, an Elucidation of His Doctrine and the Vicissitudes of His Followers; from the German of Christopher Schultz (1769). Allentown, Pa.,: E. Schlechter, 1942.

Schwenckfeld, Caspar. Commentary on the Augsburg Confession. Pennsburg, PA: Schwenkfelder Library, 1982.

Schwenckfeld, Caspar, Edward J. Furcha, and Ford Lewis Battles. The Piety of Caspar Schwenckfeld. Pittsburgh,: Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, 1969.

Schwenckfeld, Caspar, Furcha Edward J., Williams H. H. Drake. Caspar Schwenckfeld : Eight Writings on Christian Beliefs. Kitchener, Ont.: Pandora Press, 2006.

Séguenny, André. The Christology of Caspar Schwenckfeld : Spirit and Flesh in the Process of Life Transformation, Texts and Studies in Religion. Lewiston, N.Y., USA: E. Mellen Press, 1987.

Seyppel, Joachim Hans. Schwenckfeld, Knight of Faith; a Study in the History of Religion. [1st ed. Pennsburg, Pa.,: Schwenckfelder Library, 1961.

Clasen, Claus Peter. “Schwenckfeld’s Friends : A Social Study.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 46, no. 1 (1972): 58-69.

Dowhaniuk, PA. “The Anabaptist Rejection of Spiritualist Tendencies as Exemplified in the Debate between Pilgram Marpeck and Caspar Schwenckfeld.” (1988).

Erb, Peter C. “Medieval Spirituality and the Development of Protestant Sectarianism : A Seventeenth Century Case Study.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 51, no. 1 (1977): 31-40.

Furcha, Edward J. “Key Concepts in Caspar Von Schwenckfeld’s Thought, Regeneration and the New Life.” Church History 37, no. 2 (1968): 160-73.

Furcha, E. J. “Of Songs and Chants and Religious Rants : Late Sixteenth Century Hymns and Spiritual Songs among Followers of Caspar Von Schwenckfeld.” Renaissance and Reformation/Renaissance et Réforme 11, no. 1 (1987): 89-102.

Furcha, Edward J. “Schwenckfeld’s Concept of the New Man : A Study in the Anthropology of Caspar Von Schwenckfeld.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 43, no. 2 (1969): 169-70.

Klaassen, Walter. “The Christology of Caspar Schwenckfeld: Spirit and Flesh in the Process of Life Transformation.” Church History 58, no. 3 (1989): 387-89.

Wach, J. “Caspar Schwenckfeld, a Pupil and a Teacher in the School of Christ.” Journal of Religion 26 (1946): 1-29.

Weigel, Valentin, 1533-1588

Hvolbek, Russell H. “Being and Knowing : Spiritualist Epistemology and Anthropology from Schwenckfeld to Böhme.” Sixteenth Century Journal 22, no. 1 (1991): 97-110.

Valentin Weigel, Weeks Andrew. Selected Writings, The Classics of Western Spirituality; Variation: The Classics of Western Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 2003.

Van der Heijden, Maaike Weeks Charles Andrew. “Valentin Weigel’s Influence in Seventeenth-Century Holland : Translation, Dissemination, and Reception by Willemszoon Van Beyerland.” iv, 115 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (M.A.)–Illinois State University, 2004.

Weeks, Andrew. Valentin Weigel (1533-1588) : German Religious Dissenter, Speculative Theorist, and Advocate of Tolerance. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000.

Weeks, A. “Valentin Weigel and the Fourfold Interpretation of the Creation: An Obscure Compilation or Weigel’s Crowning Attempt at Reconciliation of Natural and Spiritual Knowledge?” Daphnis-Zeitschrift f&# 252; r Mittlere Deutsche Literatur, 34 1, no. 2 (2005): 1-22.

An interesting perspective might be found at the Rudolf Steiner Archive

see http://wn.rsarchive.org/Books/GA007/English/GA007_Valentin.html

The Puritan and Pietist Traditions

Many of the general introductions to Pietism and Puritanism cover matters related to spirituality. See also Dupré, Louis K., Don E. Saliers, and John Meyendorff. Christian Spirituality : Post-Reformation and Modern, World Spirituality. New York: Crossroad, 1989, the chapters on Puritanism and Pietism in Protestant Spirituality, and the other standard histories of Christian spirituality.

For specifically Puritan spirituality, the following might be good places to staart:

“Studies in Puritan American Spirituality.” Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press.

Beeke, Joel R. Puritan Reformed Spirituality. Grand Rapids, MI: Reformation Heritage Books, 2004.

Coffey, John, and Paul Chang-Ha Lim. “The Cambridge Companion to Puritanism.” In Cambridge companions to religion; Variation: Cambridge companions to religion.New York, 2008.

Cohen, Charles Lloyd. God’s Caress : The Psychology of Puritan Religious Experience. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Emerson, Everett H. English Puritanism from John Hooper to John Milton. Durham: N.C., Duke University Press, 1968.

Haller, William b. The Rise of Puritanism; or, the Way to the New Jerusalem as Set Forth in Pulpit and Press from Thomas Cartwright to John Lilburne and John Milton, 1570-1643, Harper Torchbooks, Tb22;. New York: Harper, 1957.

McGrath, Gavin J. Grace and Duty in Puritan Spirituality, Grove Spirituality Series,; No. 37;. Bramcote, Notts.: Grove Books, 1991.

Morgan, Irvonwy. Puritan Spirituality : Illustrated from the Life and Times of the Rev. Dr. John Preston. London: Epworth Press, 1973.

Nuttall, Geoffrey F. Lake Peter. “The Holy Spirit in Puritan Faith and Experience.” University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Packer, J. I. A Quest for Godliness : The Puritan Vision of the Christian Life. 1st U.S. ed. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 1990.

Pettit, Norman. “The Heart Prepared; Grace and Conversion in Puritan Spiritual Life.” In Yale publications in American studies; 11;Yale University Press, 1966.

Shea, Daniel B. Spiritual Autobiography in Early America. Princeton: N.J., Princeton University Press, 1968.

Shepard, Thomas MacGiffert Michael. God’s Plot : Puritan Spirituality in Thomas Shepard’s Cambridge. Rev. and expanded ed: Amherst Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1994.

Wallace, Dewey D. The Spirituality of the Later English Puritans : An Anthology. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1987.

Yuille, J. Stephen Packer J. I. Puritan Spirituality : The Fear of God in the Affective Theology of George Swinnock, Studies in Christian History and Thought; Variation: Studies in Christian History and Thought. Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2007.

Select Puritan Figures and Movements

Thomas Cartwright – (1535-1603)

Cartwright, Thomas. A Brief Apologie, The English Experience, Its Record in Early Printed Books Published in Facsimile,; No. 237;. Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum; New York, Da Capo Press, 1970.

Cartwright, Thomas Peel Albert, Leland H. ed. Carlson, and ed. Cartwrightiana, Elizabethan Nonconformist Texts,; V.1;. London: Published for the Sir Halley Stewart Trust [by] Allen and Unwin, 1951.

Cartwright, Thomas, and William Bradshaw. A Treatise of Christian Religion. Or, the Whole Bodie and Substance of Diunintie. By T.C. At London: Imprinted by Felix Kyngston, for Thomas Man, 1616. This book is also available at Early English Books Online (EEBO)

Jones, Hywel R. Thomas Cartwright, 1535-1603, Evangelical Library. Annual Lecture,; 1970;. London: Evangelical Library, 1970.

Luoma, John Kenneth Reynold. “The Primitive Church as a Normative Principle in the Theology of the Sixteenth Century the Anglican-Puritan Debate over Church Polity as Represented by Richard Hooker and Thomas Cartwright.” iv, 224 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis–Hartford Seminary Foundation.

Pearson, A. F. Scott b. Thomas Cartwright and Elizabethan Puritanism, 1535-1603. Gloucester: Mass., P. Smith, 1966.

Burke, David. “Puritanism and Presbyterian Identity.” Lucas, no. 31 (2002): 33-49.

Gane, Erwin R. “The Exegetical Methods of Some Sixteenth-Century Puritan Preachers : Hooper, Cartwright, and Perkins, Pt 1.” Andrews University Seminary Studies 19, no. 1 (1981): 21-36.

Luoma, John K. “Restitution or Reformation : Cartwright and Hooker on the Elizabethan Church.” Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 46, no. 1 (1977): 85-106.

Luoma, John K. “Who Owns the Fathers : Hooker and Cartwright on the Authority of the Primitive Church.” Sixteenth Century Journal 8, no. 3 (1977): 45-60.

New, John F. H. “Whitgift-Cartwright Controversy.” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 59, no. 2 (1968): 203-12.

West, Earl Irvin. “The English Puritan Struggle and the Question of Biblical Authority.” Restoration Quarterly 4, no. 1 (1960): 35-48.

Perkins, William, 1558-1602

Lightfoot, R. David. “William Perkins’ View of Sanctification.” 62 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (M. Th.)–Dallas Theological Seminary, 1980.

Perkins, William Merrill Thomas F. William Perkins 1558-1602, English Puritanist : His Pioneer Works on Casuistry. Nieuwkoop: B. De Graaf, 1966.

Schaefer, Paul R. “The Spiritual Brotherhood on the Habits of the Heart : Cambridge Protestants and the Doctrine of Sanctification from William Perkins to Thomas Shepard.” iv, 278 p. ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Keble College, Oxford University, 1994.

Song, Young Jae Timothy. Theology and Piety in the Reformed Federal Thought of William Perkins and John Preston. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, 1998.

Won, Chong-ch on. “Communion with Christ : An Exposition and Comparison of the Doctrine of Union and Communion with Christ in Calvin and the English Puritans.” [10], 377 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Westminister Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, 1989.

Beeke, Joel R. “William Perkins and His Greatest Case of Conscience: “How a Man May Know Whether He Be the Child of God, or No”.” Calvin Theological Journal 41, no. 2 (2006): 255-77.

Bruhn, Karen. “Pastoral Polemic: William Perkins, the Godly Evangelicals, and the Shaping of a Protestant Community in Early Modern England.” Anglican and Episcopal History 72, no. 1 (2003): 102-27.

Ferrell, Lori Anne. “Transfiguring Theology: William Perkins and Calvinist Aesthetics.” In John Foxe and His World, 160-79. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002.

Keddie, Gordon J. “Unfallible Certenty of the Pardon of Sinne and Life Everlasting : The Doctrine of Assurance in the Theology of William Perkins (1558-1602).” Evangelical Quarterly 48 (1976): 230-44.

Kendall, R. T. “Living the Christian Life : In the Teaching of William Perkins and His Followers.” In Living the Christian Life, 45-60. Huntingdon, Eng: Westminster Conference, 1974.

McKim, Donald K. “Some Aspects of Death and Dying in Puritanism.” In Calviniana, 165-83. Kirksville, Mo: Sixteenth Century Journal Pub, 1988.

McKim, Donald K. “William Perkins and the Christian Life : The Place of the Moral Law and Sanctification in Perkins’ Theology.” Evangelical Quarterly 59, no. 2 (1987): 125-37.

Pointer, Steven R. “Puritan Identity in the Late Elizabethan Church: William Perkins and “a Powerfull Exhortaton to Repentance”.” Fides et historia 33, no. 2 (2001): 65-71.

Shaw, Mark R. “Drama in the Meeting House : The Concept of Conversion in the Theology of William Perkins.” Westminster Theological Journal 45, no. 1 (1983): 41-72.

Song, Young Jae Timothy. Theology and Piety in the Reformed Federal Thought of William Perkins and John Preston. Lampeter: Edwin Mellen, 1998.

Tipson, Baird. “How Can the Religious Experience of the Past Be Recovered : The Examples of Puritanism and Pietism.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 43, no. 4 (1975): 695-707.

Winship, Michael P. “Weak Christians, Backsliders, and Carnal Gospelers: Assurance of Salvation and the Pastoral Origins of Puritan Practical Divinity in the 1580s.” Church History 70, no. 3 (2001): 462-81.

Helwys, Thomas, 1550-1616 (see also under John Smyth)

Burgess, Walter Herbert. John Smith the Se-Baptist, Thomas Helwys and the First Baptist Church in England; with Fresh Light Upon the Pilgrim Fathers’ Church. London: J. Clarke, 1911.

Greasley, Stephen. Early Baptists : John Smyth, Thomas Helwys and the Quest for Religious Liberty. Ilkeston: Moorleys, 2009.

Helwys, Thomas Early Joseph E. The Life and Writings of Thomas Helwys. 1st ed, Early English Baptist Texts; the James N. Griffith Series in Baptist Studies; Variation: Early English Baptist Texts.; James N. Griffith Series in Baptist Studies. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 2009.

Reed, Edwin Allen. A Historical Study of Three Baptist Doctrines of Atonement as Seen in the Writings of John Smyth and Thomas Helwys, John Gill and Andrew Fuller 1965.

Saito, Goki. An Investigation into the Relationship between the Early English General Baptists and the Dutch Anabaptists. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, 1977.

Estep, William Roscoe. “The Nature and Use of Biblical Authority in Baptist Confessions of Faith, 1610-1963.” Baptist History and Heritage 22, no. 4 (1987): 3-16.

Hine, Leland D. “A Second Look at the Baptist Vision.” American Baptist Quarterly 4, no. 2 (1985): 118-30.

Kliever, Lonnie D. “General Baptist Origins : The Question of Anabaptist Influence.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 36, no. 4 (1962): 291-321.

Manley, Kenneth R. “Origins of the Baptists : The Case for Development from Puritanism-Separatism.” Baptist History and Heritage 22, no. 4 (1987): 34-46.

Rich, Antony D. “Thomas Helwys’ First Confession of Faith: 1610.” Baptist Quarterly 43, no. 4 (2009): 235-41.

Smyth, John, 1570-1612 (see also under Thomas Helwys)

Burgess, Walter H. John Smith the Se-Baptist, Thomas Helwys, and the First Baptist Church in England with Fresh Light Upon the Pilgrim Fathers’ Church, Variation: Atla Monograph Preservation Program ;; Atla Fiche 1990-5420. London: James Clarke, 1911.

Coggins, James Robert. John Smyth’s Congregation : English Separatism, Mennonite Influence and the Elect Nation, Studies in Anabaptist and Mennonite History. Scottdale, Penn.: Herald Press, 1991.

Dexter, Henry Martyn. The True Story of John Smyth, the Se-Baptist, as Told by Himself and His Contemporaries; with an Inquiry Whether Dipping Were a New Mode of Baptism in England, in or About 1641; and Some Consideration of the Historical Value of Certain Extracts from the Alleged “Ancient Records” of the Baptist Church of Epworth, Crowle, and Butterwick (Eng.), Lately Published, and Claimed to Suggest Important Modifications of the History of the 17th Century. With Collections toward a Bibliography of the First Two Generations of the Baptist Controversy. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1881.

Lee, Jason K. “The Theology of John Smyth : Puritan, Separatist, Baptist, Mennonite.” Mercer University Press, 2003.

Bender, Harold Stauffer. “John Smyth and the Dutch Mennonites–a Communication.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 4, no. 4 (1930): 306-07.

Brachlow, Stephen. “John Smyth and the Ghost of Anabaptism.” Baptist Quarterly 30, no. 7 (1984): 296-300.

Canipe, Lee. “‘That Most Damnable Heresie’: John Smyth, Thomas Helwys, and Baptist Ideas of Freedom.” Baptist Quarterly 40, no. 7 (2004): 389-411.

Coggins, James R. “The Theological Positions of John Smyth.” Baptist Quarterly 30, no. 6 (1984): 247-64.

Estep, William Roscoe. “Sixteenth-Century Anabaptism and the Puritan Connection : Reflections Upon Baptist Origins.” In Mennonites and Baptists, 1-38. Winnipeg, Man: Kindred Pr, 1993.

McKibbens, Thomas R. “Our Baptist Heritage in Worship.” Review & Expositor 80, no. 1 (1983): 53-69.

Robert Browne, 1550-1633 (see also Helwys and Smyth)

Burrage, Champlin. The True Story of Robert Browne (1550?-1633) Father of Congregationalism. Oxford: University Press, 1906.

Powicke, Frederick J. Robert Browne, Pioneer of Modern Congregationalism. London: Congregational Union of England & Wales, 1910.

Reason, Joyce. Robert Browne (1550?-1633), A Heritage Biography;. London: Independent Press, 1961.

Kraus, C. Norman. “Anabaptist Influence on English Separatism as Seen in Robert Browne.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 34, no. 1 (1960): 5-19.

Maclear, James Fulton. “The Birth of the Free Church Tradition.” Church History 26, no. 2 (1957): 99-131.

Smith, Dwight C. “Robert Browne, Independent.” Church History 6, no. 4 (1937): 289-349.

White, B. R. “A Puritan Work by Robert Browne.” Baptist Quarterly 18, no. 3 (1959): 109-17.

Yarbrough, Slayden A. “The English Separatist Influence on the Baptist Tradition of Church-State Issues.” Baptist History and Heritage 20, no. 3 (1985): 14-23.

Bayly, Lewis, d. 1631

Woodward, Charles F. “”Pietie Hath the Promise” : Lewis Bayly’s the Practice of Piety and Seventeenth-Century English Puritan Devotional Practices.” 110 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (D. Min.)–Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, 2007.

Brauer, Jerald C. “Types of Puritan Piety.” Church History 56, no. 1 (1987): 39-58.

Trueman, Carl R. “Lewis Bayly (D. 1631) and Richard Baxter (1615-1691).” In Pietist Theologians, 52-67. Malden Oxford Carlton: Blackwell, 2005.

Bayly’s classic The Practice of Piety is available at http://www.ccel.org/ccel/bayly/piety.html, and from Soli Deo Gloria ministries in hardcover, and from Amazon in Kindle format

Ames, William, 1576-1633

Beeke, Jonathan D. The Watchman William Ames : The Nature of Justifying Faith in Ames’s Soteriology in Light of His Emphasis on the Divine and Human Wills 2006.

Schroeder, Carl J. The Enduring Place of Pietism in the Reformed Tradition. [S.I.: s.n.], 1992.

Sprunger, Keith L. The Learned Doctor William Ames; Dutch Backgrounds of English and American Puritanism. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1972.

Van Vliet, Jan. “William Ames : Marrow of the Theology and Piety of the Reformed Tradition.” xi, 486 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, 2002.

Ames, William, and John D. Eusden. The Marrow of Theology. Grand Rapids: Baker Bk House, 1997.

Cohen, Charles L. “The Saints Zealous in Love and Labor : The Puritan Psychology of Work.” Harvard Theological Review 76, no. 4 (1983): 455-80.

Fluent, Michael. “William Ames Watchman for Orthodoxy and Purity.” Fundamentalist Journal 5, no. 7 (1986): 47-48.

Foxgrover, David L. “Self-Examination in John Calvin and William Ames.” In Later Calvinism, 451-70. Kirksville, Mo: Sixteenth Century Journal Pub, 1994.

Prozesky, Martin. “Emergence of Dutch Pietism.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 28, no. 1 (1977): 29-37.

Walton, Robert C. “The Visible Church : A Mixed Body or a Gathered Church of Visible Saints: John Calvin and William Ames.” In Calvin, 168-78. Kampen, Netherlands: J H Kok, 1991.

Sibbes, Richard, 1577-1635

Atkinson, Frank Joe. “An Examination of the Concept of Christian Spiritual Conflict in the Writings of Richard Sibbes.” v, 105 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (B.D.)–Gordon Divinity School, 1957.

Schaefer, Paul R. “The Spiritual Brotherhood on the Habits of the Heart : Cambridge Protestants and the Doctrine of Sanctification from William Perkins to Thomas Shepard.” iv, 278 p. ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Keble College, Oxford University, 1994.

Shelly, Harold Patton. “Richard Sibbes, Early Stuart Preacher of Piety.” 263 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Temple University, 1972.

Tumbleson, Beth E. The Bride and Bridegroom in the Work of Richard Sibbes, English Puritan1984.

Weisiger, Cary N. Sibbes Richard. “The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit in the Preaching of Richard Sibbes.” v, 389 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Fuller Theological Seminary, 1984.

Williams, Jean Dorothy. “The Puritan Quest for Enjoyment of God : An Analysis of the Theological and Devotional Writings of Puritans in Seventeenth Century England.” 2 v. (xii, 467 leaves).

Won, Chong-ch on. “Communion with Christ : An Exposition and Comparison of the Doctrine of Union and Communion with Christ in Calvin and the English Puritans.” [10], 377 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Westminister Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, 1989.

Affleck, Bert. “Theology of Richard Sibbes, 1577-1635.” Drew Gateway 41, no. 1 (1970): 19-20.

Cheney, Jessie. “If the Words Be Well Understood: Canticles and the Problematic of Spiritual Metaphor.” In Sacred Tropes, 33-39. Leiden

Boston: Brill, 2009.

Dever, Mark E. “Moderation and Deprivation : A Reappraisal of Richard Sibbes.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 43, no. 3 (1992): 396-413.

Doerksen, Daniel W. “Show and Tell: George Herbert, Richard Sibbes, and Communings with God.” Christianity and Literature 51, no. 2 (2002): 175-90.

Sanlon, Peter. “Bringing Emotions to the Surface in Ministry.” Anvil 26, no. 3-4 (2009): 231-42.

White, Barrington R. “Echoes of Medieval Christendom in Puritan Spirituality.” One in Christ 16, no. 1-2 (1980): 78-90.

Yarhouse, Mark A. “Applied Integration of a Sibbesian View of Assurance.” Southern Baptist Journal of Theology 7, no. 4 (2003): 48-57.

Ambrose, Isaac, 1604-1664

Goreham, Norman J. Isaac Ambrose, Lancashire Nonconformist. Preston: Henry L. Kirby, 1977.

Schwanda, Tom. “Gazing at God: Some Preliminary Observations on Contemplative Reformed Spirituality.” Reformed Review 56, no. 2 (2003): 101-21.

Goodwin, Thomas, 1600-1680

Blackham, Paul. Thomas Goodwin : Word and Spirit, The Congregational Lecture,; 2001;. [Great Britain]: The Congregational Memorial Hall Trust (1978) Ltd., 2001.

Chang, Paul Ling-Ji. Thomas Goodwin (1600-1680) on the Christian Life. Holmdel, N.J.: Beautiful Gate Ministries, 2001.

Goodwin, Thomas Beeke Joel R., and Mark Jones. A Habitual Sight of Him : The Christ-Centered Piety of Thomas Goodwin, Profiles in Reformed Spirituality;. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Reformation Heritage Books, 2009.

Whyte, Alexander. The Spiritual Life. London: Oliphants, 1918.

Cook, Paul E. G. “Thomas Goodwin – Mystic.” In Diversities of Gifts, 45-56. London: Westminster Conf, 1980.

Dallison, Anthony. “The Latter-Day Glory in the Thought of Thomas Goodwin.” Evangelical Quarterly 58, no. 1 (1986): 53-68.

Fienberg, Stanley P. “Thomas Goodwin’s Scriptural Hermeneutics and the Dissolution of Puritan Unity.” Journal of Religious History 10, no. 1 (1978): 32-49.

Freer, Brian. “Thomas Goodwin, the Peaceable Puritan.” In Diversities of Gifts, 7-20. London: Westminster Conf, 1980.

Jones, R. Tudur. “Union with Christ : The Existential Nerve of Puritan Piety.” Tyndale Bulletin 41, no. 2 (1990): 186-208.

Henry Scougal (1650-1678) Scottish theologian

His most recognized work, The Life Of God In The Soul Of Man [1], was originally written to a friend to explain Christianity and give spiritual counsel. This work was almost universally praised by the leaders of the Great Awakening, including George Whitefield, who said he never really understood what true religion was until he had digested Scougal’s treatise. (Wiki)

Owen, John, 1616-1683

Ferguson, Sinclair B. John Owen on the Christian Life. Edinburgh: Carlisle, PA, 1987.

Gleason, Randall C. John Calvin and John Owen in Mortification : A Comparative Study in Reformed Spirituality, Studies in Church History,; Vol. 3; Variation: Studies in Church History (New York, N.Y.) ;; Vol. 3. New York: P. Lang, 1995.

Kay, Brian. Trinitarian Spirituality : John Owen and the Doctrine of God in Western Devotion, Studies in Christian History and Thought;. Bletchley, Milton Keynes, UK: Waynesboro, GA, 2007.

Ferguson, Sinclair B. John Owen on the Christian Life: Banner of Truth, 1987.

Gleason, Randall C. John Calvin and John Owen on Mortification: A Comparative Study in Reformed Spirituality, Studies in Church History. New York: Peter Lang, 1995.

Hannah, John D. “Insights into Pastoral Counseling from John Owen.” In Integrity of Heart, Skillfulness of Hands, 348-60. Grand Rapids: Baker Bk House, 1994.

Hastings, W. Ross. “‘Honouring the Spirit’: Analysis and Evaluation of Jonathan Edwards’ Pneumatological Doctrine of the Incarnation.” International Journal of Systematic Theology 7, no. 3 (2005): 279-99.

Hyde, Daniel R. “For Freedom Christ Has Set Us Free: John Owen’s a Discourse Concerning Liturgies, and Their Imposition.” Confessional Presbyterian 4 (2008): 29-42.

Johnston, O. R. “Growth in Grace in Puritan Theology.” Evangelical Quarterly 25 (1953): 131-41.

Kapic, Kelly M. Communion with God: The Divine and the Human in the Theology of John Owen. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2007.

Kay, Brian. Trinitarian Spirituality: John Owen and the Doctrine of God in Western Devotion, Studies in Christian History and Thought. Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2007.

King, David M. “The Affective Spirituality of John Owen.” Evangelical Quarterly 68 (1996): 223-33.

McDonald, Suzanne. “The Pneumatology of the “Lost” Image in John Owen.” Westminster Theological Journal 71, no. 2 (2009): 323-35.

McKim, Donald K. “Communion with the Triune God.” International Journal of Systematic Theology 12, no. 1 (2010): 87-90.

McKinley, David J. “John Owen’s View of Illumination : An Alternative View to the Fuller-Erickson Dialogue.” Bibliotheca sacra 154, no. 613 (1997): 93-104.

Packer, James I. “A Puritan Perspective : Trinitarian Godliness According to John Owen.” In God the Holy Trinity, 91-108. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2006.

Piper, John. Contending for Our All: Defending Truth and Treasuring Christ in the Lives of Athanasius, John Owen and J. Gresham Machen. Leicester: IVP, 2006.

Trueman, Carl R. John Owen: Reformed Catholic, Renaissance Man, The Great Theologians. Aldershot; Burlington, Vt: Ashgate, 2007.

Yarhouse, Mark A. “John Owen on Spiritual Mindedness.” Journal of Psychology and Christianity 20, no. 4 (2001): 342-50.

Bunyan, John, 1628-1688

Bunyan, John Stachniewski John Pacheco Anita. “Grace Abounding with Other Spiritual Autobiographies.” In Oxford world’s classics; Variation: Oxford world’s classics (Oxford University Press)New York, 1998.

Morris, Colin, and Peter Roberts. “Pilgrimage : The English Experience from Becket to Bunyan.” New York, 2002.

Richey, Robert Alan. “The Puritan Doctrine of Sanctification : Construction of the Saints’ Final an Complete Perseverance as Mirrored in Bunyan’s the Pilgrim’s Progress.” [2], iii, 252 p. Dissertation: Thesis (Th. D.)–Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary, 1990.

Swaim, Kathleen M. Pilgrim’s Progress, Puritan Progress : Discourses and Contexts. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993.

Winter, Bruce W. Pilgrim’s Progress and Contemporary Evangelical Piety, St Antholin’s Lectureship Charity Lecture. London: [St Antholin’s Lectureship Charity], 1997.

Allen, Diogenes. “The Rehabilitation of Pilgrim’s Progress.” Perspectives in Religious Studies 27, no. 1 (2000): 103-15.

Ashmall, Donald H. “Spiritual Development and the Free Church Tradition : The Inner Pilgrimage.” Andover Newton Quarterly 20, no. 3 (1980): 141-52.

Cragg, Gerald R. “To Be a Pilgrim : Bunyan and the Spiritual Journey.” Andover Newton Quarterly 15, no. 3 (1975): 157-66.

Erb, Paul. “John Bunyan, Christian.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 3, no. 1 (1929): 5-12.

Hambrick-Stowe, Charles E. “Two Pilgrims : Bunyan and Bashō.” Japan Christian Quarterly 51, no. 3 (1985): 161-70.

Hinson, E. Glenn. “The Progression of Grace: A Re-Reading of the Pilgrim’s Progress.” Spiritus 3, no. 2 (2003): 251-62.

Lamont, Daniel. “Bunyan’s Holy War: A Study in Christian Experience.” Theology Today 3, no. 4 (1947): 459-72.

McIntosh, Mark A. “Trying to Follow a Call: Vocation and Discernment in Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress.” In Revisiting the Idea of Vocation, 119-40. Washington, DC: Catholic Univ of America Pr, 2004.

Miles, Margaret R. “Pilgrimage as Metaphor in a Nuclear Age.” Theology Today 45, no. 2 (1988): 166-79.

Muller, Richard A. “Covenant and Conscience in English Reformed Theology : Three Variations on a 17th Century Theme.” Westminster Theological Journal 42, no. 2 (1980): 308-34.

Pooley, Roger. “Spiritual Experience and Spiritual Autobiography : Some Contexts for Grace Abounding.” Baptist Quarterly 32, no. 4 (1988): 393-402.

Wakefield, Gordon S. “Starting with Oneself : Spiritual Confessions; Pt 1: John Bunyan: Grace Abounding.” Expository Times 101, no. 3 (1989): 68-72.

Zaleski, Carol. “Pilgrim’s Progress.” Christian Century 127, no. 5 (2010): 35-318.

Baxter, Richard, 1615-1691

Gentile, Drew W. “Richard Baxter’s Concept of the Centrality of the Home in Religious Education.” ii, 77 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Th. M.)–Dallas Theological Seminary, 1984.

Liu, Ping-tong Herrick. Towards an Evangelical Spirituality : A Practical-Theological Study of Richard Baxter’s Teaching and Practice of Spiritual Disciplines with Special Reference to the Chinese Cultural Context, Jian Dao Dissertation Series. Hong Kong: Alliance Bible Seminary, 2000.

Mair, Nathaniel Harrington. Christian Sanctification and Individual Pastoral Care in Richard Baxter. [Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, 1980.

“Richard Baxter’s “End of Controversy”.” Bibliotheca Sacra and American Biblical Repository 12, no. 46 (1855): 348-85.

Banks, Robert J. “Meditation in Reformed Perspective.” Reformed Theological Review 46, no. 1 (1987): 10-16.

Beougher, Timothy K. “Richard Baxter (1615-1691): A Model of Pastoral Leadership for Evangelism and Church Growth.” Southern Baptist Journal of Theology 6, no. 4 (2002): 4-21.

Black, J. William. “From Martin Bucer to Richard Baxter: “Discipline” and Reformation in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century England.” Church History 70, no. 4 (2001): 644-73.

Cooke, Timothy R. “Uncommon Earnestness and Earthly Toils : Moderate Puritan Richard Baxter’s Devotional Writings.” Anglican and Episcopal History 63, no. 1 (1994): 51-72.

Cunningham, Floyd T. “”Justification by Faith”: Richard Baxter’s Influence Upon John Wesley.” Asbury journal 64, no. 1 (2009): 55-66.

Miller, Paul. “Spirituality, Integrity and Competence : Essentials of Ministry in Richard Baxter’s Reformed Pastor.” Evangelical Quarterly 69 (1997): 333-42.

Packer, James I. “What the Puritans Taught Me.” Christianity Today 34, no. 14 (1990): 44-47.

Spinks, Bryan D. “A Seventeenth-Century Reformed Liturgy of Penance and Reconciliation.” Scottish Journal of Theology 42, no. 2 (1989): 183-97.

Trueman, Carl R. “Lewis Bayly (D. 1631) and Richard Baxter (1615-1691).” In Pietist Theologians, 52-67. Malden Oxford Carlton: Blackwell, 2005.

Pietist Figures and Movements (for resources on Pietist figures see first The Pietists volume of CWS, Lindberg, Carter. The Pietist Theologians : An Introduction to Theology in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2005), and Brown, Dale W. Understanding Pietism. Vol. Rev ed. Nappanee, Ind: Evangel, 1996.

Arndt, Johann, 1555-1621

Arndt, Johann. True Christianity, The Classics of Western Spirituality;. New York: Paulist Press, 1979.

Holt, Bradley Paul. “Perspectives on the Self in Devotional Writing.” 200 l. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Yale University, 1973.

Lund, E. “Johann Arndt and the Development of a Lutheran Spiritual Tradition.” vi, 318 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis–Yale University.

Arndt, Johann. “Christ the Light of the World.” Methodist Review 7 (1824): 441-46.

Brewer, Brian C. “Johann Arndt: Reconsidering the Renovative Lutheran.” Covenant Quarterly 58, no. 4 (2000): 20-36.

Kelly, Robert A. “True Repentance and Sorrow : Johann Arndt’s Doctrine of Justification.” Consensus 16, no. 2 (1990): 47-69.

Lund, Eric. “The Problem of Religious Complacency in Seventeenth Century Lutheran Spirituality.” In Modern Christian Spirituality, 139-59. Atlanta: Scholars Pr, 1990.

Skarsten, Trygve R. “The Doctrine of Justification in Classical Lutheran Pietism : A Revisionist Perspective.” Trinity Seminary Review 3, no. 2 (1981): 20-29.

Wallmann, Johannes. “Johann Arndt (1555-1621).” In Pietist Theologians, 21-37. Malden

Oxford

Carlton: Blackwell, 2005.

Wilken, Robert L. “Lutheran Pietism and Catholic Piety.” In Catholicity of the Reformation, 79-92. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996.

Boehme, Jacob, 1575-1624

Aubrey, Bryan. Watchmen of Eternity : Blake’s Debt to Jacob Boehme. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1986.

Boehme, Jacob Hartmann Franz, and d. The Life and Doctrines of Jacob Boehme : The God-Taught Philosopher. Mokelumne Hill, Calif.: Health Research, 1970.

Boehme, Jacob, Evelyn Sire, and Franz Hartmann. Selected Writings of Jacob Boehme, the Mystic: Holmes Pub Group Llc, 2010.

Böhme, Jakob Erb Peter C. The Way to Christ, The Classics of Western Spirituality;. New York: Paulist Press, 1978.

Martensen, Hans Lassen. Jacob Boehme : His Life and Teaching, or, Studies in Theosophy. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1885.

Weeks, Andrew. Boehme : An Intellectual Biography of the Seventeenth-Century Philosopher and Mystic. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1991.

Gordh, George. “The Confessions of Jacob Boehme.” Church History 23, no. 2 (1954): 186-87.

Miller, Arlene A. “Jacob Boehme : From Orthodoxy to Enlightenment.” Church History 41, no. 3 (1972): 396-97.

O’Regan, Cyril. Gnostic Apocalypse: Jacob Boehme’s Haunted Narrative. Albany, NY: SUNY Pr, 2002.

Pruett, Gordon E. “Will and Freedom : Psychoanalytic Themes in the Work of Jacob Boehme.” Studies in Religion/Sciences religieuses 6, no. 3 (1977): 241-51.

Sattelberg, Richard. “Jacob Boehme : Man and Mystic.” In Silent Encounter, 140-52. Wheaton, Ill: Theosophical Pub House, 1974.

Stoudt, John Joseph. Sunrise to Eternity: A Study in Jacob Boehme’s Life and Thought. Philadelphia: Univ of Pennsylvania Pr, 1957.

Walsh, David. The Mysticism of Innerworldly Fulfillment: A Study of Jacob Boehme, University of Florida Monographs: Univ of Florida Pr, 1983.

Boehme resources can be found at http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~janzb/boehme/

Scriver, Christian, 1629-1693

Scriver, Christian. Gotthold’s Emblems or, Invisible Things: Gardners Books, 2007.

Lund, Eric. “The Problem of Religious Complacency in Seventeenth Century Lutheran Spirituality.” In Modern Christian Spirituality, 139-59. Atlanta: Scholars Pr, 1990.

Spener, Philip, 1635-1705

Brown, Dale W. “The Problem of Subjectivism in Pietism : A Redefinition with Special Reference to the Theology of Philipp Jakob Spener and August Hermann Francke.” viii, 301 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Northwestern University, 1962.

Clifton-Soderstrom, Michelle A. Angels, Worms, and Bogeys : The Christian Ethic of Pietism, Cascade Companions. Eugene, Or.: Cascade Books, 2010.

Deeter, Allen C. Spener Philipp Jakob, desideria Pia, Allen C. English. Deeter, tr, and desires Pious. “An Historical and Theological Introduction to Philipp Jakob Spener’s “Pia Desideria” : A Study of Early German Pietism.” xxiv, 270, II1-II105 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Princeton University, 1963.

Mitchell, Mark S. “The Use of Small Groups in Early Pietism.” ii, 180 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (M.A.)–Denver Conservative Baptist Seminary, 1988.

Richard, Marie E. Philip Jacob Spener and His Work, Lutheran Handbook Series;. Philadelphia: Lutheran Publication Society, 1897.

Stein, K. James. Philipp Jakob Spener : Pietist Patriarch. [Chicago: Covenant Press, 1986.

Way, Scott W. “The Value of Theology Philipp Jakob Spener’s Doctrine of Sanctification.” http://www.tren.com/search.cfm?p001-1098

http://www.tren.com/search.cfm?p001-1098 Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Brown, Jeffrey D. “Allowing Pietism a Seat at the Table: Understanding Scripture as the Essence of German Lutheran Pietism.” Covenant Quarterly 62, no. 3 (2004): 35-49.

Deeter, Allen C. “Membership in the Body of Christ as Interpreted by Classical Pietism.” Brethren Life and Thought 9, no. 4 (1964): 18-49.

Geldbach, Erich. “”Evangelisch”, “Evangelikal” & Pietism : Some Remarks on Early Evangelicalism & Globalization from a German Perspective.” In Global Faith, 156-80. Sydney: Centre for the Study of Australian Christianity, 1998.

Johnson, Todd E. “A Pietist Theology of Worship: P. J. Spener and Liturgical Reforms.” Covenant Quarterly 58, no. 4 (2000): 3-19.

Krispin, Gerald S. “Philip Jacob Spener and the Demise of the Practice of Holy Absolution in the Lutheran Church.” Logia 8, no. 4 (1999): 9-18.

Lane, Anthony N. S. “Conversion : A Comparison of Calvin and Spener.” Themelios 13, no. 1 (1987): 19-21.

McIntosh, John. “Proposals for Godliness in the Church : An Essay in Understanding and Appreciation of P J Spener’s Pia Desideria (1675).” Reformed Theological Review 35, no. 3 (1976): 79-88.

Morris, Wilda W. “Philipp Jakob Spener : Continuing the Reformation.” Covenant Quarterly 38, no. 1 (1980): 13-22.

Newberg, Eric N. “Spener’s Vision for Church Reform.” In Servant Leadership, Vol 1, 69-82. Chicago: Covenant Pubns, 1993.

Stein, K. James. “Philipp Jakob Spener (1635-1705).” In Pietist Theologians, 84-99. Malden

Oxford

Carlton: Blackwell, 2005.

Stein, K. James. “Renewal : Philipp Jakob Spener’s Parallel Word for Sanctification.” Asbury Theological Journal 51, no. 2 (1996): 5-13.

Tipson, Baird. “How Can the Religious Experience of the Past Be Recovered : The Examples of Puritanism and Pietism.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 43, no. 4 (1975): 695-707.

Venables, Mary Noll. “Repentence and Confession: Changing Lutheran Practice after the Thirty Year’s War.” Covenant Quarterly 65, no. 4 (2006): 3-18.

Weborg, John. “Philip Jacob Spener : Heartfelt Desires for Reform of the True Evangelical Church.” Covenant Quarterly 25, no. 1 (1967): 19-26.

Weborg, John. “Philipp Jakob Spener and Concerns of Pietism.” Covenant Quarterly 20, no. 1 (1962): 13-22.

Francke, August Hermann, 1663-1727

Brown, Dale W. “The Problem of Subjectivism in Pietism : A Redefinition with Special Reference to the Theology of Philipp Jakob Spener and August Hermann Francke.” viii, 301 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Northwestern University, 1962.

Francke, August Hermann Jaques William. A Guide to the Reading and Study of the Holy Scriptures. 1st American, from the last London ed. Philadelphia: David Hogan, 1823.

Francke, Kuno ed Francke August Hermann, Cotton Mather, and longinqua Nuncia bona e terra. Cotton Mather and August Hermann Francke, Americana Germanica,; Vol. 1, No. 4. Reprint No. 12; Variation: Americana Germanica.: [N.p., 1897.

Guericke, Heinrich Ernst Ferdinand. The Life of Augustus Herman Franké. London: H.G. Bohn, 1847.

Sattler, Gary R. Nobler Than the Angels, Lower Than a Worm : The Pietist View of the Individual in the Writings of Heinrich Müller and August Hermann Francke. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1989.

Sattler, Gary R. Francke August Hermann. God’s Glory, Neighbor’s Good : A Brief Introduction to the Life and Writings of August Hermann Francke. Chicago: Covenant Press, 1982.

Benz, Ernst. “Ecumenical Relations between Boston Puritanism and German Pietism : Cotton Mather and August Hermann Francke.” Harvard Theological Review 54, no. 3 (1961): 159-63.

Briese, Russell John. “August Hermann Francke’s Work for the Poor.” Lutheran Theological Journal 30, no. 2 (1996): 50-57.

Francke, August Hermann. “August Hermann Francke’s Short Instructions on How Holy Scripture Ought to Be Read.” Crux 25, no. 1 (1989): 2-4.

Herzog, Frederick. “August Hermann Francke’s Conversion.” Mid-Stream 8, no. 3 (1969): 41-49.

Kirn, Hans-Martin. “The Penitential Struggle (‘Busskampf’) of August Hermann Francke (1663-1727): A Model of Pietistic Conversion?” In Paradigms, Poetics and Politics of Conversion, 123-32. Leuven

Paris

Dudley, Mass: Peeters, 2006.

Nuttall, Geoffrey F. “Continental Pietism and the Evangelical Movement in Britain.” In Pietismus Und Reveil, 207-36. Leiden: Brill, 1978.

Sattler, Gary R. “August Hermann Francke and Mysticism.” Covenant Quarterly 38, no. 4 (1980): 3-17.

Strom, Jonathan. “Conversion, Confessionalization, and Pietism in Dargun.” In Confessionalism and Pietism, 149-68. Mainz, Germany: Philipp von Zabern, 2006.

Arnold, Gottfried, 1666-1714

Bushong, Theodore M. “Fundamental Characteristics of the Mystic Experience and Their Exemplification in the Theology of Gottfried Arnold.” iv, 35, [3] leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (M.A. Th.)–Bethany Theological Seminary, 1975.

Erb, Peter C. Pietists, Protestants, and Mysticism, Variation: Pietist and Wesleyan Studies ;; No. 2.: Scarecrow Press, 1989.

Erb, Peter C. Pietists, Protestants, and Mysticism : The Use of Late Medieval Spiritual Texts in the Work of Gottfried Arnold (1666-1714), Pietist and Wesleyan Studies. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1989.

Schröder, William Arnold Gottfried. Gottfried Arnold, Beiträge Zur Neueren Literaturgeschichte,; N.F., 9; Variation: Beiträge Zur Neueren Literaturgeschichte,; N.F., Bd. 9. Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1917.

Eller, David B. “The Recovery of the Love Feast in German Pietism.” In Confessionalism and Pietism, 11-30. Mainz, Germany: Philipp von Zabern, 2006.

Erb, Peter C. “Defining “Radical Pietism” : The Case of Gottfried Arnold.” Consensus 16, no. 2 (1990): 29-45.

Erb, Peter C. “The Medieval Sources of Pietism : A Case Study.” In Spirituality of Western Christendom, Ii, 271-92. Kalamazoo, Mich: Cistercian Publications, 1984.

Erb, Peter C. “Pietist Spirituality : Some Aspects of Present Research.” In Spirituality of Western Christendom, Ii, 249-70. Kalamazoo, Mich: Cistercian Publications, 1984.

Erb, Peter C. “The Use of Ruusbroec among German Protestants.” In Jan Van Ruusbroec, 153-75. Leuven, Belgium: Leuven Univ Pr, 1984.

Roberts, Frank C. “Gottfried Arnold on Historical Understanding : An Early Pietist Approach.” Fides et historia 14, no. 2 (1982): 50-59.

Shantz, Douglas H. “”Back to the Sources”: Gottfried Arnold (1666-1714), Johann Henrich Reitz (1655-1720), and the Distinctive Program and Practice of Pietist Historical Writing.” In Commoners and Community, 75-99. Kitchener, Ont

Scottdale, Penn

Waterloo, Ont: Pandora Pr

Herald Pr, 2002.

Stoffer, Dale R. “The Ecclesiology of Gottfried Arnold.” Brethren Life and Thought 28, no. 2 (1983): 91-100.

Stoffer, Dale R. “Gottfried Arnold’s View of the Christian Life.” Brethren Life and Thought 26, no. 4 (1981): 237-46.

Stoffer, Dale R. “The Life and Thought of Gottfried Arnold.” Brethren Life and Thought 26, no. 3 (1981): 135-51.

Tersteegen, Gerhard, 1697-1769

Baillie, John. Life Studies: Or, How to Live. Illustrated in the Biographies of Bunyan, Tersteegen, Montgomery, Perthes, and Mrs. Winslow. New York: Harper, 1857.

Govan, H. E. The Life of Gerhard Tersteegen : With Selections from His Writings. London: James Nisbet, 1898.

Jackson, Samuel Macauley, and tr. Life and Character of Gerhard Tersteegen with Selections from His Letters and Writings. The 4th ed. London: William Allan, 1846.

Oliphant, W. E. Gerhard Tersteegen : The German Weaver, Soul-Winner, and Singer, The Warrior’s Library. London: New York, 1905.

Tersteegen, Gerhard. Gerhard Tersteegen. 2 vols. Stokes-on-Trent: Hampton, TN, 1990.

Tersteegen, Gerhard. Spiritual Crumbs from the Masters Table. London: John F. Shaw, 1837.

Dodson, Geran F. “Gerhard Tersteegen : The Mystic Hymn Writer.” Hymn 20 (1969): 4-8.

Rochelle, Jay C. “Wherever You Are, Pray and Remain Recollected in the Presence : An Introduction to the Life and Thought of Gerhard Tersteegen.” Covenant Quarterly 46, no. 1 (1988): 13-40.

Tersteegen, Gerhard. “Drawing near to God.” Evangel 22, no. 1 (2004): 3-4.

Tersteegen, Gerhard. “Fourfold Justification.” Evangel 22, no. 2 (2004): 35-37.

Ward, W. R. “Mysticism and Revival : The Case of Gerhard Tersteegen.” In Revival and Religion since 1700, 41-58. London: Hambledon, 1993.

Zeller, Winfried. “Protestant Attitude to Monasticism, with Special Reference to Gerhard Tersteegen.” Downside Review 93, no. 312 (1975): 178-92.

Some Tersteegen material can be found at http://www.path2prayer.com/article.php?id=295/Gerhard

see also issues of Evangel 2002-03

Bengel, Johann Albrecht, 1687-1752

Burk, Johann Christian Friedrich. A Memoir of the Life and Writings of John Albert Bengel Prelate in Würtemberg. London: W. Ball, 1837.

Maelzer, Gottfried. Johann Albrecht Bengel. Leben U. Werk: Stuttgart,Calwer, 1970.

Samuels, Joel Lee. “Bengel’s Interpretation of Matthew’s Gospel : A Case Study in Biblical Hermeneutics.” vi, 113 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Th. M.)–Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1968.

Spieler, Robert F. “The Theological Significance of Johann Albrecht Bengel.” 216 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Th. D.)–Concordia Theological Seminary (St. Louis), 1957.

Weborg, Charles John. “The Eschatological Ethics of Johann Albrecht Bengel : Personal and Ecclesial Piety and the Literature of Edification in the Letters to the Seven Churches in Revelation 2 and 3.” v, 289 p. ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Northwestern University, 1983.

Helmbold, Andrew. “J a Bengel — “Full of Light”.” Bulletin of the Evangelical Theological Society 6, no. 3 (1963): 73-81.

Pelikan, Jaroslav. “In Memoriam : Johann Albrecht Bengel, June 24, 1687 to November 2, 1752.” Concordia Theological Monthly 23, no. 11 (1952): 785-96.

Thompson, Alan J. “The Pietist Critique of Inerrancy? J a Bengel’s Gnomon as a Test Case.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 47, no. 1 (2004): 71-88.

Weborg, John. “Bengel, J(Ohann) a(Lbrecht) (1687-1752).” In Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters, 289-94. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1998.

Weborg, John. “Eschatological Ethics of Johann Albrecht Bengel.” Covenant Quarterly 36, no. 2 (1978): 31-43.

Weborg, John. “Johann Albrecht Bengel : Theologian of God’s Glory!” Covenant Quarterly 48, no. 4 (1990): 3-22.

Oetinger, Friedrich Christoph, 1702-1782

Benz, Ernst. Christian Kabbalah : Neglected Child of Theology. St. Paul, MN: Grailstone Press, 2004.

Hanegraaff, Wouter J. “Swedenborg, Oetinger, Kant : Three Perspectives on the Secrets of Heaven.” In Swedenborg studies ; n0. 18;Swedenborg Foundation, 2007.

Knapp, Peter John. “An Eighteenth-Century Pietist Theory of Music Psychology : The Brevissima Theoriae Musicae Analysis of Johann Fricker and Friedrich Oetinger.” xiv, 216 leaves.

Yeide, Harry. A Vision of the Kingdom of God: The Social Ethic of Friedrich Christoph Oetinger. Cambridge: Mass., n.p., 1968.

Yeide, Harry Yeide Harry Elwood, and God Vision of the kingdom of. Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, a Bibliography: [N.p.

Llewellyn, Robert T. “Friedrich Christoph Oetinger and the Paracelsan Tradition : A Disciple of Boehme in the Age of Rationalism.” In From Wolfram and Petrarch to Goethe and Grass, 539-48. Baden-Baden: Verlag Valentin Koerner, 1982.

van Schurmann, Anna Maria, 1607-1678

Baar, Mirjam de Richards Lynne. Choosing the Better Part : Anna Maria Van Schurman (1607-1678), Archives Internationales D’histoire Des Idées =; International Archives of the History of Ideas. Dordrecht: Boston, 1996.

Brink, J. R. Female Scholars : A Tradition of Learned Women before 1800. Montréal: Eden Press Women’s Publications, 1980.

Pope-Hennessy, Una. Anna Van Schurman, Artist, Scholar, Saint. With Portraits, Variation: History of Women ;; Reel 757, No. 6073. London: New York, Longmans, Green, 1909.

Schurman, Anna Maria van Irwin Joyce L. Voet Gijsbert. Whether a Christian Woman Should Be Educated and Other Writings from Her Intellectual Circle, The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe; Variation: The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Wilson, Katharina M. Warnke Frank J. Women Writers of the Seventeenth Century. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Goldman, Shalom. “”Spiritual Feminism” and Christian Hebraism : Women and the Study of Hebrew in Seventeenth Century Europe.” Hebrew Studies 40 (1999): 153-68.

Irwin, Joyce. “Anna Maria Van Schurman : From Feminism to Pietism.” Church History 46, no. 1 (1977): 48-62.

Irwin, Joyce. “Anna Maria Van Schurman and Antoinette Bourignon : Contrasting Examples of Seventeenth-Century Pietism.” Church History 60, no. 3 (1991): 301-15.

Irwin, Joyce. “From Orthodoxy to Pietism : The Self-Reflections of Anna Maria Van Schurman.” Covenant Quarterly 38, no. 1 (1980): 3-11.

Lee, Bo Karen. “”I Wish to Be Nothing”: The Role of Self-Denial in the Mystical Theology of Anna Maria Van Schurman.” In Women, Gender, and Radical Religion in Early Modern Europe, 189-216. Leiden

Boston: Brill, 2007.

note: a number of these articles are available in pdf

Comenius, John, 1592-1670

Comenius, John Amos. The Angel of Peace: Gardners Books, 2007.

Comenius, Johann Amos. The Labyrinth of the World and the Paradise of the Heart, Classics of Western Spirituality;. New York: Paulist Press, 1998.

Comenius, Johann Amos Keatinge M. W., and tr. The Great Didactic of John Amos Comenius. New York: Russell & Russell, 1967.

Laurie, Simon Somerville. John Amos Comenius, Bishop of the Moravians: His Life and Educational Works. New York: B. Franklin, 1973.

Spinka, Matthew. John Amos Comenius : A Forgotten Prophet of Unity. Baltimore: Christian Union Quarterly, 1923.

Ben-Horin, Meir. “Unity–Liberty–Love Reflections on John Amos Comenius.” Religious Education 66, no. 3 (1971): 192-99.

Dobiáš, František M. “A World Council of Churches : The Oldest Proposal.” Ecumenical Review 17, no. 1 (1965): 29-37.

Fousek, Marianka Sasha. “Spiritual Direction and Discipline, a Key to the Flowering and Decay of the 16th Century Unitas Fratrum.” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 62, no. 2 (1971): 207-24.

Jones, Keith G. “The Labyrinth of the World and the Paradise of the Heart: Insights on European Baptist Spirituality.” Baptist Quarterly 40, no. 4 (2003): 230-42.

Murphy, Daniel. Comenius: A Critical Reassessment of His Life and Work. Dublin: Irish Academic Pr, 1995.

Nováková, Julie. “Bible Quotations in the Works of Comenius.” Communio viatorum 28, no. 3-4 (1985): 225-38.

Smith, David, John Sullivan, and John Shortt. “Connecting Spirituality, Justice and Pedagogy.” Journal of Education & Christian Belief 10, no. 2 (2006): 7-21.

Smolík, Josef. “Comenius on Justification and Sanctification.” Communio viatorum 40, no. 2 (1998): 137-44.

Spinka, Matthew. John Amos Comenius: That Incomparable Moravian. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1943.

Stroope, Michael W. “The Legacy of John Amos Comenius.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 29, no. 4 (2005): 204-08.

2.1 Precursors and Influences (late 17th and early 18th centuries)

Jeremy Taylor (1613-1667)

The Beauty of Holiness : An Introduction to Six Seventeenth-Century Anglican Writers. Fairacres Publication. Fairacres, Oxford: SLG Press, 1976.

Beaty, Nancy Lee. The Craft of Dying; a Study in the Literary Tradition of the Ars Moriendi in England, Yale Studies in English,; 175;. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970.

Hughes, Henry Trevor. The Piety of Jeremy Taylor. London: Macmillan; New York, St. Martin’s Pr., 1960.

Jackson, Robert S. “The Meditative Life of Christ a Study of the Background and Structure of Jeremy Taylor’s the Great Exemplar.” ix, 308 leaves.

Mesimore, Gregory Scott Taylor Jeremy, Rules, living exercises for holy, and dying holy. “The Way of Salvation a Comparative Analysis of John Wesley’s and Jeremy Taylor’s Doctrine of Sanctification (with Special Reference to Jeremy Taylor’s the Rules and Exercises for Holy Living and Holy Dying).” viii, 216 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (M.A.)–Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, 1984.

Taylor, Jeremy Carroll Thomas K. Selected Works, Classics of Western Spirituality;. New York: Paulist Press, 1990.

Barthelmess, James A. “Plutarch and Jeremy Taylor : General Considerations and Parallel Passages on the Subject of Contentedness.” Ohio Journal of Religious Studies 5, no. 2 (1977): 104-32.

Booty, John E. “An Anglican Classic : Jeremy Taylor’s Holy Living and Holy Dying.” Anglican Theological Review 73, no. 2 (1991): 198-204.

Peterson, Raymond Alfred. “Jeremy Taylor’s Theology of Worship.” Anglican Theological Review 46, no. 2 (1964): 204-16.

Thomas Bray (1656-1730)

Bray, Thomas. Rev. Thomas Bray: His Life and Selected Works Relating to Maryland, Religion in America, Series Ii; Variation: Maryland Historical Society.; Fund Publication,; No. 37. New York: Arno Press, 1972.

Elliott, John. The Deep Anxiety of a Faithful Minister of the Gospel for the Welfare of His People a Sermon Delivered at the Internment of the Rev. Thomas Wells Bray … April 25th 1808, Variation: Early American Imprints.; Second Series. New-Haven [Conn.]: From Sidney’s Press, Place: United States; Connecticut; New Haven., 1808.

Lydekker, John Wolfe Klingberg Frank Joseph, and S. P. G. to the American way of life Contributions of the. Thomas Bray, 1658-1730, Founder of Missionary Enterprise; [and] Contributions of the S.P.G. To the American Way of Life, Church Historical Society. Publication; No. 14; Variation: Church Historical Society, Philadelphia.; Publication ;; No. 14. Philadelphia: Church Historical Society, 1943.

Smith, Samuel lecturer of St Albans. Publick Spirit. London: Printed for J. Brotherton: at the Bible, next Tom’s Coffee-House in Cornhill, 1746.

Thompson, H. P. Thomas Bray. London: S.P.C.K., 1954.

Antoci, Peter M. “An Episcopal Ecclesiology of Apostolicity: Covenanted Charity and Unifying Generosity in the Writings of Thomas Bray and William Reed Huntington.” Anglican Theological Review 84, no. 2 (2002): 239-50.

Bultmann, William A., and Phyllis W. Bultmann. “The Roots of Anglican Humanitarianism : A Study of the Membership of the Spck and the Spg, 1699-1720.” Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 33, no. 1 (1964): 3-48.

Petersen, William H. “On the Pattern and in the Power : A Historical Essay of Anglican Pastoral Care.” In Anglican Theology and Pastoral Care, 5-40. Wilton, Conn: Morehouse Barlow, 1985.

Smith, Philip Kingsley. “The Consequences of Thomas Bray’s 1700 Visit to Maryland: Expected and Unexpected.” Journal of the Canadian Church Historical Society 44, no. 1 (2002): 27-33.

http://anglicanhistory.org/england/tbray/memorial1701.html

Philip Doddridge (1702-1751) (w, see mon, Gut, CCEL)

His The Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul was influential in the conversion of William Wilberforce.

Friend of, youth. The Blessed Effects of Early Piety Exemplified in the Lives of the Rev. President Edwards, of America, and the Rev. Dr. Doddridge, of Northampton, England. Edinburgh: printed for James Robertson, 1821.

Nuttall, Geoffrey F. Philip Doddridge, 1702-51; His Contribution to English Religion. London: Independent Press, 1951.

Nuttall, Geoffrey F. Richard Baxter and Philip Doddridge; a Study in a Tradition, Friends of Dr. Williams’s Library, 5th Lecture,; 1951; Variation: Friends of Dr. Williams’s Library, London. Lecture ;; 1951. London: Oxford University Press, 1951.

Clifford, Alan C. “The Christian Mind of Philip Doddrige (1702-1751) : The Gospel According to an Evangelical Congregationalist.” Evangelical Quarterly 56 (1984): 227-42.

Deconinck-Brossard, Françoise. “Representations of Children in the Sermons of Philip Doddridge.” In Church and Childhood, 379-89. Oxford: Blackwell, 1994.

Emurian, Ernest K. “Story of a Hymnic Pilgrimage.” Hymn 24 (1973): 81-84.

Harlan, Lowell B. “Theology of Eighteenth Century English Hymns.” Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 48, no. 2 (1979): 167-93.

Harris, F. W. “Philip Doddridge : Eighteenth-Century Ecumenist.” Foundations 14, no. 3 (1971): 251-70.

O’Brien, Susan. “A Transatlantic Community of Saints : The Great Awakening and the First Evangelical Network, 1735-1755.” American Historical Review 91, no. 4 (1986): 811-32.

Payne, Ernest Alexander. “Eighteenth Century English Congregationalism as Exemplified in the Life and Work of Philip Doddridge.” Review & Expositor 48, no. 3 (1951): 286-301.

Secrett, A. G. “Philip Doddridge and the Evangelical Revival of the Eighteenth Century.” Evangelical Quarterly 23, no. 4 (1951): 242-59.

William Law (1686-1761)

Brown, R. Lamon. Growing Spiritually with the Saints : Catherine of Genoa & William Law, Reclaiming the Sacred;. Macon, Ga.: Peake Road, 1996.

Clarkson, George E. The Mysticism of William Law, American University Studies.; Series V,; Philosophy. New York: P. Lang, 1992.

Green, John Brazier. John Wesley and William Law, Fernley-Hartley Lecture,; 1945;. London: Epworth Press (E.C. Barton), 1945.

Gregory, Alan P. R. “Quenching Hell : The Mystical Theology of William Law.” Seabury Books, 2008.

Hoyles, John. The Edges of Augustanism; the Aesthetics of Spirituality in Thomas Ken, John Byrom and William Law, International Archives of the History of Ideas,; 53; Variation: Archives Internationales D’histoire Des Idées ;; 53. The Hague: N. Nijhoff, 1972.

Law, William anglikansk præst mystiker Stanwood Paul G. A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life. The Spirit of Love, The Classics of Western Spirituality; Variation: The Classics of Western Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 1978.

Law, William Israel Martin Broadbent Neil. The Devout Life : William Law’s Understanding of Divine Love. London: New York, 2001.

Law, William Overton John Henry. The Life and Works of William Law. 10 vols, Variation: Philosophy and Christian Thought in Britain, 1700-1900. Bristol: Thoemmes, 2000.

Overton, John Henry. William Law, Nonjuror and Mystic : … A Sketch of His Life, Character, and Opinions. London: Longmans, Green, 1881.

Clarkson, George E. “John Wesley and William Law’s Mysticism.” Religion in Life 42, no. 4 (1973): 537-44.

Glithero, Ronald. “William Law and the Wesleys.” In Introduction to Christian Spirituality, 91-100. London: SPCK, 1999.

Hauerwas, Stanley. “Characterizing Perfection : Second Thoughts on Character and Sanctification.” In Wesleyan Theology Today, 251-63. Nashville, Tenn: United Methodist Publ House, 1985.

Hess, Mary Whitcomb. “William Law : A Devout and Holy Life.” Christianity Today 19, no. 9 (1975): 4-6.

Pickard, Stephen K. “Finding the Way in an Age of Religious Pluralism : The Relevance of William Law and the Christian Mystical Tradition.” Pacifica 9, no. 2 (1996): 145-63.

Purcell, William. “Consideration of William Law’s Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life.” Expository Times 68, no. 11 (1957): 335-37.

Walker, C. R. “Personal Discipline and William Law.” Expository Times 73, no. 2 (1961): 35-38.

Thomas Shepard (1605-1649) The Parable of the Ten Virgins (w)

Shepard, Thomas McGiffert Michael. God’s Plot : Puritan Spirituality in Thomas Shepard’s Cambridge. Rev. and expanded ed. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994.

Whyte, Alexander. Thomas Shepard, Pilgrim Father and Founder of Harvard; His Spiritual Experience and Experimental Preaching. Edinburgh and London: O. Anderson and Ferrier, 1909.

Cappello, Mary. “The Authority of Self-Definition in Thomas Shepard’s Autobiography and Journal.” Early American Literature 24, no. 1 (1989): 35-51.

Colacurcio, Michael J. “”A Strange Poise of Spirit”: The Life and Deaths of Thomas Shepard.” Religion & Literature 32, no. 1 (2000): 1-46.

Humphrey, Richard A. “Concept of Conversion in the Theology of Thomas Shepard, 1605-1649.” Drew Gateway 40, no. 3 (1970): 152-54.

McCarl, Mary Rhinelander. “Thomas Shepard’s Record of Relations of Religious Experience, 1648-1649.” William and Mary Quarterly 48 (1991): 432-66.

Weimer, Adrian Chastain. “Heaven and Heavenly Piety in Colonial American Elegies.” In Church, the Afterlife, and the Fate of the Soul, 258-67. Woodbridge, UK: Rochester, 2009.

Werge, Thomas. Thomas Shepard, Twayne’s United States Authors. Boston: Twayne Pub, 1987.

Zaragoza, Diane Labody. “Visions of Truth : Adventures with a Metaphor in the Journal of Thomas Shepard.” Drew Gateway 53, no. 1 (1982): 6-17.

John Flavel (1630-1691) (w)

Farrell, Earl Thompson. “The Doctrine of Man and Grace as Held by the Reverend John Flavel.” 3 p.l., 46 numb. l. 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (B.D.)–Duke University, 1949.

Freeman, Ray. John Flavel : A Famous Dartmouth Puritan, Dartmouth History Research Group Paper. [Dartmouth]: Dartmouth History Research Group in association with the Dartmouth Museum, 2001.

Yuille, J. Stephen. “The Inner Sanctum of Puritan Piety : John Flavel’s Doctrine of Mystical Union with Christ.” Reformation Heritage Books, 2007.

Solomon Stoddard (1643-1729) (samples)

Coffman, Ralph J. Solomon Stoddard, Twayne’s United States Authors Series : Tusas 295;. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1978.

Stoddard, Solomon. “An Appeal to the Learned. Being a Vindication of the Right of Visible Saints to the Lords Supper, Though They Be Destitute of a Saving Work of God’s Spirit on Their Hearts: Against the Exceptions of Mr. Increase Mather.” Boston: : Printed by B. Green, for Samuel Phillips at the brick shop., Place: United States; Massachusetts; Boston., http://www.lib.umn.edu/slog.phtml?url=http://opac.newsbank.com/select/evans/1433.

Jamieson, John F. “Jonathan Edwards’s Change of Position on Stoddardeanism.” Harvard Theological Review 74, no. 1 (1981): 79-99.

Laurence, David. “Jonathan Edwards, Solomon Stoddard, and the Preparationist Model of Conversion.” Harvard Theological Review 72, no. 3-4 (1979): 267-83.

Lucas, Paul R. “”An Appeal to the Learned” : The Mind of Solomon Stoddard.” In Marrow of American Divinity, 350-85. New York: Garland, 1988.

Miller, Perry. “Solomon Stoddard, 1643-1729.” Harvard Theological Review 34, no. 4 (1941): 277-320.

Schafer, Thomas A. “Solomon Stoddard and the Theology of the Revival.” In Miscellany of American Christianity; Essays in Honor of H Shelton Smith, 328-61. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1963.

Schuldiner, Michael. “Solomon Stoddard and the Process of Conversion.” Early American Literature 17, no. 3 (1983): 215-26.

Cotton Mather (1663-1728) [see also Increase Mather (1639-1723)]

some samples in Mon and archive

Andersen, David Christian. “The Lives and Ministries of Cotton Mather and Jonathan Edwards an Inquiry into What Ought to Be Done to Promote the Revival of True Religion in One’s Own Place of Ministry.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Breed, James L. “Sanctification in the Theology of Cotton Mather.” 356 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Aquinas Institute of Theology.

Lovelace, Richard F. The American Pietism of Cotton Mather : Origins of American Evangelicalism. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Christian University Press : order from W. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 1979.

Middlekauff, Robert. The Mathers; Three Generations of Puritan Intellectuals, 1596-1728. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Ransome, Joyce Olson. Cotton Mather and the Catholic Spirit1990.

Brown, Sylvia. “The Eloquence of the Word and the Spirit: The Place of Puritan Women’s Writing in Old and New England.” In Women and Religion in Old and New Worlds, 187-211. New York

London: Routledge, 2001.

Johnson, Parker H. “Humiliation Followed by Deliverance : Metaphor and Plot in Cotton Mather’s Magnalia.” Early American Literature 15, no. 3 (1981): 237-46.

Levin, David. “Edwards, Franklin, and Cotton Mather : A Meditation on Character and Reputation.” In Jonathan Edwards and the American Experience, 34-49. New York: Oxford Univ Pr, 1988.

Lovelace, Richard F. “Cotton Mather (1663-1728).” In Pietist Theologians, 115-27. Malden

Oxford

Carlton: Blackwell, 2005.

2.2 Nicolas Ludwig, Count von Zinzendorf and the Moravians (1700-1760)

Zinzendorf and the Moravians : 250th Anniversary of Protestant Missions. Christian History. Worcester, PA: Christian History Magazine, 1982.

Atwood, Craig D. Community of the Cross : Moravian Piety in Colonial Bethlehem. University Park: the Pennsylvania State University Press, 2004.

Kinkel, Gary Steven. Our Dear Mother the Spirit : An Investigation of Count Zinzendorf’s Theology and Praxis. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1990.

Murray, Edward Gene. “Fruit That Should Remain : An Analysis of Christian Spiritual Formation as Experienced in the Renewed Moravian Brethren Colony at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania from 1742 until 1762.” v, 263 leaves.

Zinzendorf, Nicolaus Ludwig Graf von Kinkel Gary Steven. Christian Life and Witness : Count Zinzendorf’s 1738 Berlin Speeches, Princeton Theological Monograph Series. Eugene, Or.: Pickwick Publications, 2010.

Hamilton, J. Taylor Hamilton Kenneth G., and author joint. History of the Moravian Church; the Renewed Unitas Fratrum, 1722-1957. [Bethlehem: Pa., Interprovincial Board of Christian Education, Moravian Church in America, 1967.

Hutton, J. E. b. A History of the Moravian Church. 2d , rev. and enl. ed. London: Moravian Publication Office, 1909.

Langton, Edward. History of the Moravian Church; the Story of the First International Protestant Church. London: Allen & Unwin, 1956.

Lewis, Arthur James. Zinzendorf, the Ecumenical Pioneer : A Study in the Moravian Contribution to Christian Mission and Unity. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1962.

Weinlick, John R. Count Zinzendorf. New York: Nashville, 1956.

“Count Zinzendorf and the Pennsylvania Congregation of God in the Spirit: The First American Oecumenical Movement.” Church History 9, no. 4 (1940): 366-80.

Arndal, Steffen, and Hedwig T. Durnbaugh. “Spiritual Revival and Hymnody : The Hymnbooks of German Pietism and Moravianism.” Brethren Life and Thought 40, no. 2 (1995): 71-93.

Atwood, Craig D. “The Mother of God’s People : The Adoration of the Holy Spirit in the Eighteenth-Century Brüdergemeine.” Church History 68, no. 4 (1999): 886-909.

Atwood, Craig D. “The Passion of the Christ and Christian Devotion from a Moravian Perspective.” Covenant Quarterly 63, no. 2 (2005): 16-28.

Boland, J. M. “”The Problem” and Its Critics.” Quarterly Review of the M.E. Church, South 36, no. 2 (1893): 339-53.

Coalter, Milton J. “The Radical Pietism of Count Nicholas Zinzendorf as a Conservative Influence on the Awakener, Gilbert Tennent.” Church History 49, no. 1 (1980): 35-46.

Freeman, Arthur. “Count Nicholas Ludwig Von Zinzendorf: An Ecumenical Pioneer.” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 36, no. 3-4 (1999): 287-302.

Gallagher, Robert L. “The Integration of Mission Theology and Practice: Zinzendorf and the Early Moravians.” Mission Studies 25, no. 2 (2008): 185-210.

Harrison, W. P. “John Wesley and Count Zinzendorf.” Quarterly Review of the M.E. Church, South 28, no. 2 (1889): 405-10.

Randall, Ian M. “A Missional Spirituality: Moravian Brethren and Eighteenth-Century English Evangelicalism.” Transformation 23, no. 4 (2006): 204-14.

Roeber, A. G. “The Waters of Rebirth: The Eighteenth Century and Transoceanic Protestant Christianity.” Church History 79, no. 1 (2010): 40-76.

Zorb, Elizabeth H. “Count Zinzendorf: An 18th Century Ecumenist.” Ecumenical Review 9, no. 4 (1957): 419-28.

http://www.zinzendorf.com/translation.htm

Rise – 1720-1795

2.3 British Evangelical and Methodist Revival (18th century)

Note: material related to the Wesleys, John Fletcher and the early development of Methodism can be found at the Wesley Center Online (http://wesley.nnu.edu/)

Susanna Wesley (1669-1742)

Harmon, Rebecca Lamar. Susanna, Mother of the Wesleys. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1968.

Kline, Donald L. Susanna Wesley : God’s Catalyst for Revival. Lima, Ohio: C.S.S. Pub. Co., 1980.

Newton, John A. Susanna Wesley and the Puritan Tradition in Methodism. London: Epworth P., 1968.

Stevens, Abel. “The Women of Methodism; Its Three Foundresses, Susanna Wesley, the Countess of Huntingdon, and Barbara Heck; with Sketches of Their Female Associates and Successors in the Early History of the Denomination.” Carlton & Porter, 1866.

Wesley, Susanna; Wallace Charles ed. Susanna Wesley : The Complete Writings. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Baker, Frank. “Susanna Wesley : Puritan, Parent, Pastor, Protagonist, Pattern.” In Women in New Worlds, 112-31. Nashville, Tenn: Abingdon, 1982.

Dallimore, Arnold A. Susanna Wesley. Grand Rapids: Baker Bk House, 1993.

Hart, Elizabeth. “Finding the Real Susanna : Portraits of Susanna Wesley.” American Theological Library Association Summary of Proceedings 45 (1991): 152-72.

Rogal, Samuel J. Susanna Annesley Wesley (1669-1742): A Biography of Strength and Love (the Mother of John and Charles Wesley). Bristol, Ind: Wyndham Hall, 2001.

Walker, Maxine E. “At Home in the Body of Scripture.” In Orthodox and Wesleyan Scriptural Understanding and Practice, 231-42. Crestwood, New York: St Vladimir’s Seminary Pr, 2005.

Wallace, Charles, Jr. “”Some Stated Employment of Your Mind” : Reading, Writing, and Religion in the Life of Susanna Wesley.” Church History 58, no. 3 (1989): 354-66.

Wallace, Charles. “Susanna Wesley’s Spirituality : The Freedom of a Christian Woman.” Methodist History 22, no. 3 (1984): 158-73.

Wesley, Susanna Annesley, and Charles Wallace, Jr. The Complete Writings. New York: Oxford Univ Pr, 1997.

Wolfteich, Claire E. “A Difficult Love : Mother as Spiritual Guide in the Writing of Susanna Wesley.” Methodist History 38, no. 1 (1999): 53-62.

Charles Wesley (1707-1788)

Quantrille, Wilma J. “The Triune God in the Hymns of Charles Wesley.” ii, 172 p. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Drew University, 1989.

Tyson, John R. “Assist Me to Proclaim : The Life and Hymns of Charles Wesley.” In Library of religious biography; Variation: Library of religious biography.William B. Eerdmans Pub., 2007.

Tyson, John R. Charles Wesley on Sanctification : A Biographical and Theological Study. Grand Rapids, Mich.: F. Asbury Press, 1986.

Wesley, Charles Tyson John R. Charles Wesley : A Reader. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Anderson, E. Byron. “The Power of Godliness to Know: Charles Wesley and the Means of Grace.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 43, no. 2 (2008): 7-27.

Cruickshank, Joanna. “”Appear as Crucified for Me”: Sight, Suffering, and Spiritual Transformation in the Hymns of Charles Wesley.” Journal of Religious History 30, no. 3 (2006): 311-30.

Groves, Martin. “Charles Wesley’s Spirituality.” In Charles Wesley, 446-64. Peterborough: Epworth Pr, 2007.

Kerr, Aaron. “The Lord’s Supper: Food for the Journey: Wesleyan Eucharistic Piety and the Integrated Christian Life.” In Vital Christianity, 177-87. New York

London: T & T Clark, 2005.

Kimbrough, S. T., Jr. “Charles Wesley and the Journey of Sanctification.” Evangelical Journal 16 (1998): 49-75.

Lawson, John. “The Conversion of the Wesleys : 1738 Reconsidered.” Asbury Theological Journal 43, no. 2 (1988): 7-44.

Olleson, Philip. “Charles Wesley and His Children.” In Charles Wesley, 124-40. Peterborough: Epworth Pr, 2007.

Olleson, Philip. “The Wesleys at Home : Charles Wesley and His Children.” Methodist History 36, no. 3 (1998): 139-52.

Vickers, Jason E. “Charles Wesley’s Doctrine of the Holy Spirit: A Vital Resource for the Renewal of Methodism Today.” Asbury journal 61, no. 1 (2006): 47-60.

Vickers, Jason E. “The Making of a Trinitarian Theologian: The Holy Spirit in Charles Wesley’s Sermons.” Pneuma 31, no. 2 (2009): 213-24.

Watson, J. Richard. “The Presentation of Holiness and the Concept of Christian Perfection in the Sermons and Hymns of the Wesleys, 1730-1780.” In Transforming Holiness, 81-94. Leuven

Paris

Dudley, Mass: Peeters, 2006.

Webster, Robert. “Balsamic Virtue: Healing Imagery in Charles Wesley.” In Charles Wesley, 229-44. Peterborough: Epworth Pr, 2007.

Young, Frances M. “Suffering and the Holy Life.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 43, no. 1 (2008): 7-21.

John Wesley (1703-1791)

There is a vast amount of research on John Wesley related to spirituality. Here are a few samples published recently

Abelove, Henry. The Evangelist of Desire : John Wesley and the Methodists. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1990.

Baker, Frank. The Heart of True Spirituality : John Wesley’s Own Choice. Grand Rapids, Mich.: F. Asbury Press, 1985.

Clapper, Gregory Scott. As If the Heart Mattered : A Wesleyan Spirituality. Nashville, Tenn.: Upper Room Books, 1997.

Eli, R. George. Social Holiness : John Wesley’s Thinking on Christian Community and Its Relationship to the Social Order, American University Studies.; Series Vii,; Theology and Religion,; V. 151;. New York: P. Lang, 1993.

Henderson, D. Michael. John Wesley’s Class Meeting : A Model for Making Disciples. Nappanee, IN: Evangel Pub. House, 1997.

Kimbrough, S. T. Orthodox and Wesleyan Spirituality. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2002.

Matthaei, Sondra Higgins. Making Disciples : Faith Formation in the Wesleyan Tradition. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 2000.

Staples, Rob L. Outward Sign and Inward Grace : The Place of Sacraments in Wesleyan Spirituality. Kansas City, Mo.: Beacon Hill Press of Kansas City, 1991.

Tolar Burton, Vicki. “Spiritual Literacy in John Wesley’s Methodism : Reading, Writing, and Speaking to Believe.” In Studies in rhetoric and religionBaylor University Press, 2008.

Tuttle, Robert G. Mysticism in the Wesleyan Tradition. Grand Rapids, Mich.: F. Asbury Press, 1989.

Maddox, Randy L., and Jason E. Vickers. The Cambridge Companion to John Wesley, Cambridge Companions to Religion. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Brendlinger, Irv, and Eric E. Mueller. “Psychological Implications of the Doctrine of Christian Perfection with Special Reference to John Wesley’s View.” Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling 60, no. 3 (2006): 275-86.

Collins, Kenneth J. “John Wesley’s Topography of the Heart : Dispositions, Tempers, and Affections.” Methodist History 36, no. 3 (1998): 162-75.

Kilian, Marcus K., and Stephen Parker. “A Wesleyan Spirituality: Implications for Clinical Practice.” Journal of Psychology & Theology 29, no. 1 (2001): 72-80.

Leffel, C. Michael. “Prevenient Grace and the Re-Enchantment of Nature: Toward a Wesleyan Theology of Psychotherapy and Spiritual Formation.” Journal of Psychology and Christianity 23, no. 2 (2004): 130-39.

Maddox, Randy L. “Formation for Christian Leadership: Wesleyan Reflections.” American Theological Library Association Summary of Proceedings 57 (2003): 114-26.

Maddox, Randy L. “Wesley’s Prescription for “Making Disciples of Jesus Christ”: Insights for the Twenty-First-Century Church.” Quarterly Review 23, no. 1 (2003): 15-28.

Newton, John A. “Methodism and the Articulation of Faith: “No Holiness but Social”.” Methodist History 42, no. 1 (2003): 49-57.

Pembroke, Neil F. “From Self-Doubt to Assurance : The Psychological Roots of John Wesley’s Early Spiritual Development.” Journal of Psychology and Christianity 13, no. 3 (1994): 242-53.

Reynolds, Mark Emery. “Myth, American Culture, and Sanctification.” Quarterly Review 23, no. 1 (2003): 29-44.

Shrier, Paul, and Cahleen Shrier. “Wesley’s Sanctification Narrative: A Tool for Understanding the Holy Spirit’s Work in a More Physical Soul.” Pneuma 31, no. 2 (2009): 225-41.

Speaks, Ruben L. Bp. “Christian Perfection and Human Liberation : The Wesleyan Synthesis.” AME Zion Quarterly Review 104 (1992): 5-17.

Stone, Bryan P. “The Spirit and the Holy Life.” Quarterly Review 21, no. 2 (2001): 156-68.

Strawn, Brad D., and Warren S. Brown. “Wesleyan Holiness through the Eyes of Cognitive Science and Psychotherapy.” Journal of Psychology and Christianity 23, no. 2 (2004): 121-29.

Taves, Ann. “Theological Reflection and Vital Piety in North American Methodism.” Quarterly Review 21, no. 1 (2001): 7-19.

Warner, Laceye. “Making Disciples in the Wesleyan Tradition: Practicing the Means of Grace.” Quarterly Review 23, no. 2 (2003): 161-72.

Webster, Robert Joseph, Jr. “The Value of Self-Denial: John Wesley’s Multidimensional View of Fasting.” Toronto Journal of Theology 19, no. 1 (2003): 25-40.

George Whitefield (1714-1770) (works on archive)

Dallimore, Arnold A. George Whitefield; the Life and Times of the Great Evangelist of the Eighteenth-Century Revival: [London] Banner of Truth Trust, 1970.

Johnston, E. A. George Whitefield : A Definitive Biography. 2 vols. Stoke-on-Trent: Tentmaker Publications, 2008.

Lambert, Frank. “Pedlar in Divinity : George Whitefield and the Transatlantic Revivals, 1737-1770.” Princeton University Press, 1994.

Pollock, John Charles. George Whitefield and the Great Awakening. [1st ] ed. Garden City: N.Y., Doubleday, 1972.

Schwenk, James L. “Catholic Spirit : Wesley, Whitefield, and the Quest for Evangelical Unity in Eighteenth-Century British Methodism.” In Pietist and Wesleyan studies[Wilmore, KY], 2008.

Stout, Harry S. The Divine Dramatist : George Whitefield and the Rise of Modern Evangelicalism, Library of Religious Biography;. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans, 1991.

Whitefield, George. The Revived Puritan : The Spirituality of George Whitefield, Classics of Reformed Spirituality; Variation: Classics of Reformed Spirituality (Dundas, Ont.). Dundas, Ont.: Joshua Press, 2000.

Aldridge, Marion D. “George Whitefield : The Necessary Interdependence of Preaching Style and Sermon Content to Effect Revival.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 23, no. 1 (1980): 55-64.

Evans, Richard W. “The Relations of George Whitefield and Howell Harris, Fathers of Calvinistic Methodism.” Church History 30, no. 2 (1961): 179-90.

Packer, James I. “The Spirit with the Word : The Reformational Revivalism of George Whitefield.” In Bible, the Reformation and the Church, 166-89. Sheffield, Eng: Sheffield Academic Pr, 1995.

Smith, Timothy L. “George Whitefield and Wesleyan Perfectionism.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 19, no. 1 (1984): 63-85.

Smith, Timothy L. “John Wesley and the Wholeness of Scripture.” Interpretation 39, no. 3 (1985): 246-62.

Smith, Timothy L. “Whitefield and Wesley on Righteousness by Grace.” Theological Students Fellowship Bulletin 9, no. 4 (1986): 5-8.

Sarah Crosby (class leader in 1752; began preaching 1761; itinerated for 20 years)

Burge, Janet. Women Preachers in Community : Sarah Ryan, Sarah Crosby, Mary Bosanquet, People Called Methodists. [Peterborough]: [Foundery Press], 1996.

Burge, Janet. “Impudent Women : The Women Preachers of Early Methodism.” Epworth Review 21, no. 2 (1994): 93-102.

John Fletcher (1729-1785)

Neff, Blake J. “John Wesley and John Fletcher on Entire Sanctification : A Metaphoric Cluster Analysis.” vi, 104 p. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Bowling Green State University, 1982.

“Atonement as Taught by Wesley, Fletcher, Clarke, and Watson, in Their Sermons and Other Theological Writings.” Methodist Review 29 (1847): 414-33.

Dayton, Donald W. “John Fletcher as John Wesley’s Vindicator and Designated Successor? A Response to Laurence W. Wood.” Pneuma 26, no. 2 (2004): 355-61.

Knight, John A. “John Fletcher’s Influence on the Develpment of Wesleyan Theology in America.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 13 (1978): 13-33.

Smith, Timothy L. “How John Fletcher Became the Theologian of Wesleyan Perfectionism 1770-1776.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 15, no. 1 (1980): 68-87.

Wood, Laurence W. “The Biblical Sources of John Fletcher’s Pentecostal Theology.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 42, no. 2 (2007): 98-113.

Wood, Laurence W. The Meaning of Pentecost in Early Methodism: Rediscovering John Fletcher as John Wesley’s Vindicator and Designated Successor. Lantham, MD; Oxford: Scarecrow Pr, 2002.

Wood, Laurence W. “The Origin, Development, and Consistency of John Wesley’s Theology of Holiness.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 43, no. 2 (2008): 33-55.

Selina, Countess of Huntingdon (1707-1791)

Burge, Janet. Women Preachers in Community : Sarah Ryan, Sarah Crosby, Mary Bosanquet, People Called Methodists. [Peterborough]: [Foundery Press], 1996.

Cook, Faith. Selina, Countess of Huntingdon. Edinburgh: Carlisle, Pa., 2001.

Drummond, Lewis A. Drummond Betty. Women of Awakenings : The Historic Contribution of Women to Revival Movements. Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 1997.

Harding, Alan. Selina, Countess of Huntingdon. Werrington, Peterborough [England]: Epworth, 2007.

New, Alfred H. Memoir of Selina, Countess of Huntingdon. Rev. ed. New York: Protestant Episcopal society for the promotion of evangelical knowledge, 1859.

Seymour, Aaron Crossley Hobart. The Life and Times of Selina Countess of Huntingdon. 2 vols. Stoke-on-Trent: Tentmaker Publications, 2000.

Cook, Faith. “England’s First Evangelical Woman Bishop? The Influence of Selina, Countess of Huntington (1707-1791).” Anvil 22, no. 4 (2005): 281-95.

Davis, Mollie C. “The Countess of Huntingdom : A Leader in Missions for Social and Religious Reform.” In Women in New Worlds, 162-75. Nashville, Tenn: Abingdon, 1982.

Harding, Alan. The Countess of Huntingdon’s Connexion: A Sect in Action in Eighteenth-Century England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Schlenther, Boyd Stanley. Queen of the Methodists: The Countess of Huntingdon and the 18th-Century Crisis of Faith and Society. Bishop Auckland, England: Durham Academic Pr, 1997.

Tyson, John R. “”A Poor, Vile Sinner” : Lady Huntingdon’s Vocabulary of Weakness and Deference.” Methodist History 37, no. 2 (1999): 107-18.

Welch, Edwin. Spiritual Pilgrim: A Reassessment of the Life of the Countess of Huntingdon. Cardiff: Univ of Wales Pr, 1995.

2.4 North American Great Awakening (18th century)

Theodore Jacob Frelinghuysen (1691-1748) and Dinah Hardenbergh (1725-1807)

Boel, Tobias Loux Joseph A., and Henricus Boel. Boel’s Complaint against Frelinghuisen. A Reformed Church Historical Society ed. [Albany?]: Reformed Church Historical Society, 1979.

Chambers, Talbot W. Memoir of the Life and Character of the Late Hon. Theo. Frelinghuysen. Ll.D. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1863.

Eells, Robert. Forgotten Saint : The Life of Theodore Frelinghuysen : A Case Study of Christian Leadership. Lanham, MD : University Press of America: [Palos Heights, Ill.], 1987.

Frelinghuysen, Theodorus Jacobus ca ca Beeke Joel R. Forerunner of the Great Awakening : Sermons by Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen (1691-1747), The Historical Series of the Reformed Church in America. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000.

Maze, Eric Scott. “The Evangelistic Contributions of Pastor Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen During the First Great Awakening.” xi, 275 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph.D.)–Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, 2006.

Tanis, James. Dutch Calvinistic Pietism in the Middle Colonies. A Study in the Life and Theology of Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1968.

Beardslee, John W. “Orthodoxy and Piety : Two Styles of Faith in the Colonial Period.” In Word and World, 1-14. Grand Rapids, Mich: Wm B Eerdmanns, 1986.

Beeke, Joel R., and Cornelis Pronk. “Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen (1691-1747): Precursor of the Great Awakening.” Reformation & Revival 11, no. 4 (2002): 23-56.

Eells, Robert J. “Theodore Frelinghuysen, Voluntaryism and the Pursuit of the Public Good.” American Presbyterians 69, no. 4 (1991): 257-70.

Harmelink, Herman, III. “Another Look at Frelinghuysen and His “Awakening”.” Church History 37, no. 4 (1968): 423-38.

Osterhaven, M. Eugene. “Experiential Theology of Early Dutch Calvinism.” Reformed Review 27, no. 3 (1974): 180-89.

Pals, Daniel L. “Several Christologies of the Great Awakening.” Anglican Theological Review 72, no. 4 (1990): 412-27.

Schrag, Felix James. “Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen: The Father of American Pietism.” Church History 14, no. 3 (1945): 200-16.

Gilbert Tennant (1703-1764) and William Tennant (1673-1746)

Alexander, Archibald. Biographical Sketches of the Founder and Principal Alumni of the Log College: Together with an Account of the Revivals or Religion under Their Ministry, Religion in America. Princeton: Printed by J. T. Robinson, 1845.

Boudinot, Elias. A Memoir of the Rev. William Tennant, Minister of Freehold, Monmouth County, N.J. First Published in the Evangelical Magazine, Variation: Literature of Theology and Church History in the United States and Canada.; Unit 1-12. Springfield, [N.J.]: G.W. Callender, 1822.

Schnittjer, Gary E. “The Ingredients of Effective Mentoring : The Log College as a Model for Mentorship.” Christian Education Journal 15, no. 1 (1994): 86-100.

note audio file of his well-known “The Dangers of an Unconverted Ministry” at archive

Jonathan and Sarah Edwards (Jonathan, 1703-1758)

Beck, Peter. The Voice of Faith : Jonathan Edwards’s Theology of Prayer. Guelph, Ont.: Joshua Press, 2010.

Caldwell, Robert W. Communion in the Spirit : The Holy Spirit as the Bond of Union in the Theology of Jonathan Edwards, Studies in Evangelical History and Thought; Variation: Studies in Evangelical History and Thought. Milton Keynes, UK: Waynesboro, GA, 2006.

Delattre, Roland André. Beauty and Sensibility in the Thought of Jonathan Edwards; an Essay in Aesthetics and Theological Ethics. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

Haykin, Michael A. G. Jonathan Edwards : The Holy Spirit in Revival : The Lasting Influence of the Holy Spirit in the Heart of Man, Emmaus;. Darlington, England: Webster, NY, 2005.

Kang, Kevin Woongsan. “Justified by Faith in Christ : Jonathan Edwards’ Doctrine of Justification in Light of Union with Christ.” vi, 362 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph.D.)–Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, 2003.

Marsden, George M. “Jonathan Edwards : A Life.” Yale University Press, 2003.

McDermott, Gerald R. Seeing God : Twelve Reliable Signs of True Spirituality. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1995.

McPherson, John Thomas. “The Transforming Power of Eschatology the Impact of the Eschatologies of Jürgen Moltmann and Jonathan Edwards on Sanctification.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Murray, Iain Hamish. Jonathan Edwards : A New Biography. Edinburgh: Carlisle, Pa., USA, 1987.

Nichols, Stephen J. An Absolute Sort of Certainty : The Holy Spirit and the Apologetics of Jonathan Edwards. Phillipsburg, N.J.: P.&R Pub., 2003.

Parrish, Archie Sproul R. C., Edwards Jonathan, and God Distinguishing marks of a work of the Spirit of. The Spirit of Revival : Discovering the Wisdom of Jonathan Edwards. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 2000.

Rivera, Ted. Jonathan Edwards on Worship : Public and Private Devotion to God. Eugene, Or.: Pickwick Publications, 2010.

Strachan, Owen Sweeney Douglas A. Jonathan Edwards on True Christianity, The Essential Edwards Collection;. Chicago: Moody Publishers, 2010.

Dodds, Elisabeth D. Marriage to a Difficult Man; the “Uncommon Union” of Jonathan and Sarah Edwards. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1971.

McCulley, Sue Lane, and Dorothy Zayatz Baker. “The Silent and Soft Communion : The Spiritual Narratives of Sarah Pierpont Edwards and Sarah Prince Gill.” University of Tennessee Press, 2005.

Moore, Doreen. Goodchristians, Goodhusbands? : Leaving a Legacy in Marriage & Ministry, Lessons from the Marriages & Ministries of Elizabeth & George Whitefield, Sarah & Jonathan Edwards, Molly & John Wesley. Fearn (Ross-shire): Christian Focus, 2004.

Bombaro, John J. “Jonathan Edwards’s Vision of Salvation.” Westminster Theological Journal 65, no. 1 (2003): 45-67.

Caldwell, Robert W., III. “The Holy Spirit as the Bond of Union in the Theology of Jonathan Edwards.” Reformation & Revival 12, no. 3 (2003): 43-58.

Campbell, Iain D. “Jonathan Edwards’ Religious Affections as a Paradigm for Evangelical Spirituality.” Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology 21, no. 2 (2003): 166-86.

Chamberlain, Ava. “Domestic Piety in New England.” In Modern Christianity to 1900, 233-57. Minneapolis: Fortress Pr, 2007.

Chamberlain, Ava. “Jonathan Edwards on the Relation between Hypocrisy and the Religious Life.” In Perspectives on American Religion and Culture, 336-52. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.

Chamberlain, Ava. “Self-Deception as a Theological Problem in Jonathan Edwards’s “Treatise Concerning Religious Affections”.” Church History 63, no. 4 (1994): 541-56.

Crampton, W. Gary. “Jonathan Edwards: On Scripture & Salvation.” Confessional Presbyterian 1 (2005): 65-93.

Gilpin, W. Clark. “”Inward, Sweet Delight in God”: Solitude in the Career of Jonathan Edwards.” Journal of Religion 82, no. 4 (2002): 523-38.

Kreider, Glenn R. “Jonathan Edwards’s Theology of Prayer.” Bibliotheca sacra 160, no. 640 (2003): 434-56.

Letendre, L. Joseph. “Testing the Spirits: Discernment, Deception and the Care of Souls.” Reformation & Revival 13, no. 2 (2004): 115-26.

Logan, Samuel T., Jr. “The Doctrine of Justification in the Theology of Jonathan Edwards.” Westminster Theological Journal 46, no. 1 (1984): 26-52.

Lucas, Sean Michael. “”Divine Light, Holy Heat”: Jonathan Edwards, the Ministry of the Word, and Spiritual Formation.” Presbyterion 34, no. 1 (2008): 1-11.

Lucas, Sean Michael. “”A Man Just Like Us”: Jonathan Edwards and Spiritual Formation for Ministerial Candidates.” Presbyterion 30, no. 1 (2004): 1-10.

McNerney, James R. “The Mystical Journey of Jonathan Edwards.” Studia Mystica 8, no. 1 (1985): 20-29.

Penner, Myron B. “Jonathan Edwards and Emotional Knowledge of God.” Direction 30, no. 1 (2001): 63-75.

Sanlon, Peter. “Bringing Emotions to the Surface in Ministry.” Anvil 26, no. 3-4 (2009): 231-42.

Steele, Richard B. “Transfiguring Light: The Moral Beauty of the Christian Life According to Gregory Palamas and Jonathan Edwards.” St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 52, no. 3-4 (2008): 403-39.

Stephens, Bruce M. “Changing Conceptions of the Holy Spirit in American Protestant Theology from Jonathan Edwards to Charles G Finney.” Saint Luke’s Journal of Theology 33, no. 3 (1990): 209-23.

Stoever, William K. B. “The Godly Will’s Discerning : Shepard, Edwards, and the Identification of True Godliness.” In Jonathan Edwards’s Writings, 85-99. Bloomington: Indiana Univ Pr, 1996.

Studebaker, Steven M. “Jonathan Edwards’ Pneumatological Concept of Grace and Dispositional Soteriology: Resources for an Evangelical Inclusivism.” Pro Ecclesia 14, no. 3 (2005): 324-39.

Waddington, Jeffrey C. “Jonathan Edwards’s “Ambiguous and Somewhat Precarious” Doctrine of Justification?” Westminster Theological Journal 66, no. 2 (2004): 357-72.

Wolterstorff, Nicholas. “Liturgy, Justice, and Holiness.” Reformed Journal 39, no. 12 (1989): 12-20.

Youngs, Fredrick W. “The Place of Spiritual Union in Jonathan Edwards’s Conception of the Church.” Fides et historia 28, no. 1 (1996): 27-47.

Zaleski, Carol. “Pilgrim’s Progress.” Christian Century 127, no. 5 (2010): 35-318.

Nichols, Heidi. “Those Exceptional Edwards Women: Jonathan Spent His Life Surrounded by Remarkable Women, and It Showed in His Writings.” Christian History (2002).

Wallace, Ethel. “Colonial Parson’s Wife : Sarah Pierrepont Edwards, 1710-1758: “And a Very Eminent Christian”.” Review & Expositor 47, no. 1 (1950): 41-56.

David Brainerd (1718-1747)

Brainerd, David Hasler Richard A. Journey with David Brainerd : Forty Days or Forty Nights with David Brainerd. Uniform Title: Account of the Life of the Late Reverend Mr. David Brainerd. Selections. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1975.

Brainerd, David Smith Oswald J. David Brainerd, the Man of Prayer. 3d ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1941.

Day, Richard Ellsworth. Flagellant on Horseback; the Life Story of David Brainerd. [1st ] ed. Philadelphia: Judson, 1950.

Edwards, Jonathan Pettit Norman. The Life of David Brainerd, The Works of Jonathan Edwards. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

Grigg, John A. The Lives of David Brainerd : The Making of an American Evangelical Icon, Religion in America Series; Variation: Religion in America Series (Oxford University Press). Oxford: New York, 2009.

Piper, John. The Hidden Smile of God : The Fruit of Affliction in the Lives of John Bunyan, William Cowper, and David Brainerd, The Swans Are Not Silent. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 2001.

Shin, Kyung Kyu. “The Missionary Spirituality and Ministry of David Brainerd a Case Study.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Smith, Oswald J. Men of God: David Brainerd, John Fletcher, Thomas Crosby, George Whitefield. Rev. and enl. ed. London: Marshall, Morgan and Scott Ltd., 1971.

Chesterman, A. de M. “Journals of David Brainerd and of William Carey.” Baptist Quarterly 19, no. 4 (1961): 147-56.

Pettit, Norman. “Prelude to Mission : Brainerd’s Expulsion from Yale.” New England Quarterly 59, no. 1 (1986): 28-50.

Walls, Andrew F. “Missions and Historical Memory: Jonathan Edwards and David Brainerd.” In Jonathan Edwards at Home and Abroad, 248-65. Columbia: Univ of South Carolina Pr, 2003.

Weddle, David L. “The Melancholy Saint : Jonathan Edwards’s Interpretation of David Brainerd as a Model of Evangelical Spirituality.” Harvard Theological Review 81, no. 3 (1988): 297-318.

Isaac Backus (1724-1806) Baptist

Grenz, Stanley J. Isaac Backus–Puritan and Baptist : His Place in History, His Thought, and Their Implications for Modern Baptist Theology, Nabpr Dissertation Series. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1983.

Maston, T. B. Isaac Backus: Pioneer of Religious Liberty. Rochester: N.Y., American Baptist Historical Society, 1962.

McLoughlin, William Gerald. Isaac Backus and the American Pietistic Tradition, The Library of American Biography;. Boston: Little, Brown, 1967.

Grenz, Stanley J. “Isaac Backus : 18th Century Light on the Contemporary School Prayer Issue.” Perspectives in Religious Studies 13, no. 4 (1986): 35-45.

Grenz, Stanley J. “Isaac Backus and the English Baptist Tradition.” Baptist Quarterly 30, no. 5 (1984): 221-31.

McLoughlin, William G. “Mob Violence against Dissent in Revolutionary Massachusetts.” Foundations 14, no. 4 (1971): 294-317.

Miller, Nicholas P. “Theology and Disestablishment in Colonial America: Insights from a Quaker, a Puritan, and a Baptist.” Journal of the Adventist Theological Society 19, no. 1-2 (2008): 137-60.

Morrison, Linda C. “Isaac Backus as Pastoral Mediator.” American Baptist Quarterly 15, no. 3 (1996): 208-22.

Richards, Peter Judson. “”A Clear and Steady Channel”: Isaac Backus and the Limits of Liberty.” Journal of Church and State 43, no. 3 (2001): 447-82.

Shubal Stearns (1706-1771) and Daniel Marshall (1706-1784) Baptist

Bunce, Betty G. Shubal Stearns and Separate Baptist Beginnings in North Carolina. Bedford, Va.: The author, 1976.

McClymond, Michael James. “Encyclopedia of Religious Revivals in America.” Greenwood Press, 2007.

McDonald, Larry S. “Frontier Thunder Principles of Evangelism and Church Growth from the Life of Shubal Stearns.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Ray, Thomas Marshall Jabez P. Marshall Abraham, and Marshall Memoirs of the late Rev. Abraham. Daniel and Abraham Marshall : Pioneer Baptist Evangelists to the South. Expanded and ill. ed. Springfield, MO: Particular Baptist Press, 2006.

Sparks, John. The Roots of Appalachian Christianity : The Life and Legacy of Elder Shubal Stearns. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2001.

Carson, Glenn Thomas. “The Sandy Creek Association : A Test of Baptist Polity.” Baptist History and Heritage 29, no. 1 (1994): 29-32.

Hunt, Gregory L. “Daniel Marshall : Energetic Evangelist for the Separate Baptist Cause.” Baptist History and Heritage 21, no. 2 (1986): 5-18.

Devereux Jarratt (1733-1801) Anglican

Bergman, Marvin Lavon. “Public Religion in Revolutionary America : Ezra Stiles, Devereux Jarratt, and John Witherspoon.” iv, 294 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–University of Chicago, Divinity School, March 1990.

Jarratt, Devereux Coleman John. The Life of the Reverend Devereux Jarratt, Religion in America;. New York: Arno Press, 1969.

Smith, John William. “Devereux Jarratt and the Beginnings of Methodism in Virginia.” John P. Branch historical papers of Randolph-Macon College. Richmond, 1901. 23 cm. [v.1], no. 1, p 3-21 (1901): p. 3-21 23 cm.

Bergman, Marvin. “Destiny, Virtue, and Piety : Variations on a Thanksgiving Theme.” Fides et historia 21, no. 3 (1989): 18-37.

G, J. R. “A Representative American.” Quarterly Review of the M.E. Church, South 31, no. 1 (1890): 76-94.

Holmes, David L. “Devereux Jarratt : A Letter and a Reevaluation.” Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 47, no. 1 (1978): 37-49.

Monk, Robert C. “Unity and Diversity among Eighteenth Century Colonial Anglicans and Methodists.” Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 38, no. 1 (1969): 51-69.

Rabe, Harry G. “The Reverend Deveraux Jarratt and the Virginia Social Order.” Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 33, no. 4 (1964): 299-336.

Expansion – 1800-1850 plus

See more generally

Corrigan, John. “Business of the Heart : Religion and Emotion in the Nineteenth Century.” University of California Press, 2002.

Orr, J. Edwin. The Eager Feet : Evangelical Awakenings, 1790-1830. Chicago: Moody Press, 1975.

2.5 United States: Second Great Awakening (1800-1830), and forward

Northern Phase

On the Northern Phase of the Second Great Awakening see more generally (all available in full text through ATLA):

Hoopes, James. “Calvinism and Consciousness from Edwards to Beecher.” In Jonathan Edwards and the American Experience, 205-25. New York: Oxford Univ Pr, 1988.

Stephens, Bruce M. “Changing Conceptions of the Holy Spirit in American Protestant Theology from Jonathan Edwards to Charles G Finney.” Saint Luke’s Journal of Theology 33, no. 3 (1990): 209-23.Wells, David F. “The Debate over the Atonement in 19th-Century America, 3 Pts.” Bibliotheca sacra 144, no. 574 (1987): 123-43.

Wells, David F. “The Debate over the Atonement in 19th-Century America, 3 Pts.” Bibliotheca sacra 144, no. 576 (1987): 363-76.

Wells, David F. “The Debate over the Atonement in 19th-Century America, 3 Pts.” Bibliotheca sacra 144, no. 575 (1987): 243-53.

Wells, David F. “The Debate over the Atonement in 19th-Century America, 3 Pts.” Bibliotheca sacra 144, no. 574 (1987): 123-43.

Timothy Dwight (1752-1817)

Berk, Stephen E. Calvinism Versus Democracy; Timothy Dwight and the Origins of American Evangelical Orthodoxy. [Hamden: Conn.] Archon Books, 1974.

Berk, Stephen E. “The Church Militant Timothy Dwight and the Rise of American Evangelical Protestantism.” iv, 505 leaves ; 22 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–University of Iowa, 1971.

Cunningham, Charles E. Timothy Dwight, 1752-1817 : A Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1969.

Fitzmier, John R. New England’s Moral Legislator : Timothy Dwight, 1752-1817, Religion in North America;. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.

Hoffelt, R. David. “Pragmatics of Persuasion and Disciplines of Duty the Influence of Timothy Dwight in American Preaching.” ix, 401 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Princeton Theological Seminary, 1983.

Pepper, Francis Leroy. “Republican Virtue and Evangelical Sanctification : Changing Ethical Norms for United States Citizenship, 1791-1860.” vii, 253 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Florida State University, 1993.

Birdsall, Richard D. “Second Great Awakening and the New England Social Order.” Church History 39, no. 3 (1970): 345-64.

Buss, Dietrich. “The Millennial Vision as Motive for Religious Benevolence and Reform : Timothy Dwight and the New England Evangelicals Reconsidered.” Fides et historia 16, no. 1 (1983): 18-34.

Conforti, Joseph. “Antebellum Evangelicals and the Cultural Revival of Jonathan Edwards.” American Presbyterians 64, no. 4 (1986): 227-41.

Stackhouse, Rochelle A. “Hymnody and Politics: Isaac Watts’s “Our God, Our Help in Ages Past” and Timothy Dwight’s “I Love Thy Kingdom, Lord”.” In Wonderful Words of Life, 42-66. Grand Rapids: William B Eerdmans Publishing Co, 2004.

Stevens, Abel. “Dwight’s Theology.” Methodist Review 29 (1847): 325-38.

Wells, Colin. “Connecticut Wit and Augustan Theology: John Trumbull, Timothy Dwight, and the New Divinity.” Religion & Literature 34, no. 3 (2002): 93-119.

Nathaniel W. Taylor (1786-1858)

The Marriage of Heaven and Earth : Alchemical Regeneration in the Works of Taylor, Poe, Hawthorne, and Fuller. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press.

Colacurcio, Michael J. Doctrine and Difference : Essays in the Literature of New England. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Mead, Sidney Earl. Nathaniel William Taylor, 1786-1858; a Connecticut Liberal. [Hamden: Conn.] Archon Books, 1967.

Rayner, Menzies. A Review of the Rev. Mr. Taylor’s Sermon on Regeneration Preached and Published at New-Haven, 1816, Variation: Early American Imprints.; Second Series ;; No. 41931. New-Haven [Conn.]: Printed by Steele & Gray, Place: United States; Connecticut; New Haven., 1817.

Sweeney, Douglas A. Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards. In Religion in America series; Variation: Religion in America series (Oxford University Press)New York, 2003.

DeLashmutt, Michael W. “Nathaniel William Taylor and Thomas Reid: Scottish Common-Sense Philosophy’s Impact Upon the Formation of New Haven Theology in Antebellum America.” Scottish Journal of Theology 58, no. 1 (2005): 59-82.

Gerstner, John H., and Jonathan N. Gerstner. “Edwardsean Preparation for Salvation (“If It Be That You Do Not Suffer Damnation, You Have a Great Work to Do before You Die”).” Westminster Theological Journal 42, no. 1 (1979): 5-71.

Sutton, William R. “Benevolent Calvinism and the Moral Government of God : The Influence of Nathaniel W Taylor on Revivalism in the Second Great Awakening.” Religion and American Culture 2, no. 1 (1992): 23-47.

Sweeney, Douglas A. “Nathaniel William Taylor and the Edwardsian Tradition : A Reassessment.” In Jonathan Edwards’s Writings, 139-58. Bloomington: Indiana Univ Pr, 1996.

Lyman Beecher (1775-1863)

Goodell, John. The Triumph of Moralism in New England Piety : A Study of Lyman Beecher, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Henry Ward Beecher, Dissertations in American Biography;. New York: Arno Press, 1982.

Pepper, Francis Leroy. “Republican Virtue and Evangelical Sanctification : Changing Ethical Norms for United States Citizenship, 1791-1860.” vii, 253 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Florida State University, 1993.

Fraser, James W. Pedagogue for God’s Kingdom: Lyman Beecher and the Second Great Awakening. Lanham, Md: Univ Pr of America, 1985.

Henry, Stuart C. “Lyman Beecher : An Unvanquished Puritan.” In Portraits of a Nineteenth Century Family, 7-28. Hartford, Conn: Stowe-Day Foundation, 1976.

May, James W. “The New Evangelism : What It Might Learn from the Old.” In Evangelism, 17-32. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1975.

Mennel, Christina. “Timothy B Mason and the Sacred Harp (1834).” Hymn 49 (1998): 30-34.

Michaelsen, Robert. “The Beecher Family : Microcosm of a Chapter in the Evolution of Religious Sensibility in America.” In Biographical Process, 253-71. The Hague: Mouton, 1976.

Smith, Elwyn A. “The Forming of a Modern American Denomination.” Church History 31, no. 1 (1962): 74-99.

Spangler, James T. “Lyman Beecher, Preacher, Evangelist, Reformer, Christian Citizen.” United Brethren Review 9, no. 2 (1898): 145-52.

Thuesen, Peter J. “The “African Enslavement of Anglo-Saxon Minds”: The Beechers as Critics of Augustine.” Church History 72, no. 3 (2003): 569-92.

Mary Savage (began preaching in 1791) and Sally Parsons

Spread of Methodism

Francis Asbury (1745-1816) – more widely travelled than any other of his

generation grown from 1,000-200,000 in his lifetime

Baker, Frank. From Wesley to Asbury : Studies in Early American Methodism. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1976.

Collins, John Smiley. Man of Devotion, Francis Asbury: [Nashville] Upper Room, 1971.

Kinghorn, Kenneth C. The Heritage of American Methodism. [1 vols. [Nashville, Tenn.]: Abingdon Press, 1999.

Salter, Darius. America’s Bishop : The Life of Francis Asbury. Nappanee, Ind.: Evangel Pub. House, 2003.

Wigger, John H. American Saint : Francis Asbury and the Methodists. Oxford: New York, 2009.

Monk, Robert C. “Educating Oneself for Ministry : Francis Asbury’s Reading Patterns.” Methodist History 29, no. 3 (1991): 140-54.

Smith, H. H. “Asbury’s Devotional Life.” Methodist Review Quarterly 70, no. 1 (1921): 179-84.

Steinmetz, David C. “Asbury’s Doctrine of Ministry.” Duke Divinity School Review 40, no. 1 (1975): 10-17.

www.FrancisAsbury.org

Thomas Coke (1747-1814)

Coke, Thomas Smith Warren Thomas. Selections from the Writings of Thomas Coke, Living Selections from the Great Devotional Classics;. Nashville, Tenn.: The Upper Room, 1966.

Collyer, Robert Rev. Piety, the Basis of Honour and Happiness : A Sermon Preached in the Parish Church of Holkham, Norfolk, on the 17th of July, 1842, Being the First Sunday after the Funeral of the Late Right Hon. The Earl of Leicester. Norwich [England]: Printed for private circulation by Josiah Fletcher, 1842.

Horne, Melvill. An Investigation of the Definition of Justifying Faith, the Damnatory Clause under Which It Is Enforced, and the Doctrine of a Direct Witness of the Holy Spirit, Held by Dr. Coke, and Other Methodist Preachers, in a Series of Letters. London : Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme : C. Cradock and W. Joy: Macclesfield, 1809.

Coke, Thomas Bp, and John A. Vickers. The Journals of Dr. Thomas Coke. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2005.

Reasoner, Victor P. “Assurance or Presumption? Early Attempts to Reconstruct Methodist Doctrine: 1803-1809.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 44, no. 2 (2009): 103-19.

Wells, David F. “The Debate over the Atonement in 19th-Century America, Pt 4 : Aftermath and Hindsight of the Atonement Debate.” Bibliotheca sacra 145, no. 577 (1988): 3-14.

On Asbury, Coke, and African-American evangelical ministers see, for example,

Smith, Warren Thomas. “Harry Hosier : Black Preacher Extraordinary.” Journal of the Interdenominational Theological Center 7, no. 2 (1980): 111-28.

Southern/Western Expression [camp meetings]

Barton Warren Stone (1772-1844)

Dickinson, Hoke S. ed Stone Barton Warren, John Rogers, and ed. The Cane Ridge Reader. [Bicentennial ]. ed. [Paris: Ky., Cane Ridge Preservation Project, 1972.

Foster, Douglas A. The Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement : Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Christian Churches/ Churches of Christ/Churches of Christ. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans Pub., 2004.

Knox, Allen. “The Fire in the Stone Barton Stone’s Theology of the Holy Spirit.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Ware, Charles Crossfield. Barton Warren Stone, Pathfinder of Christian Union; a Story of His Life and Times. St. Louis: Mo., The Bethany Press, 1932.

West, Earl Irvin. The Search for the Ancient Order : A History of the Restoration Movement. Indianapolis: Religious Book Service, 1949.

West, William Garrett. Barton Warren Stone and Christian Unity, Footnotes to Disciple History. Nashville: Disciples of Christ Historical Society, 1955.

Williams, D. Newell. Barton Stone : A Spiritual Biography. St. Louis, Mo.: Chalice Press, 2000.

Williams, D. Newell. “The Theology of the Great Revival in the West as Seen through the Life and Thought of Barton Warren Stone.” v, 245 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Vanderbilt University, 1979.

Blowers, Paul M. “Neither Calvinists nor Arminians, but Simply Christians: The Stone-Campbell Movement as a Theological Resistance Movement.” Lexington Theological Quarterly 35, no. 3 (2000): 133-54.

Bourne, Samuel Walker. “Barton Warren Stone Ecumenist in Action.” Lexington Theological Quarterly 8, no. 3 (1973): 76-89.

Ellett, Kent. “Jeffersonian Evangelical: Christian Liberty in the Life and Letters of Barton W Stone.” Discipliana 64, no. 3 (2004): 79-93.

Holloway, Gary. “”The Pleasures of Worship” : Heartfelt Devotion in Stone and Campbell.” Christian Studies 13 (1993): 32-38.

Imbler, John M. “Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs: The Theology of the Stone-Campbell People.” Encounter 66, no. 2 (2005): 129-44.

Watkins, Keith. “Naive Sacramentalism : Barton W Stone’s Sacramental Theology.” Encounter 49, no. 1 (1988): 37-51.

Williams, D. Newell. “Barton Stone in 1804: From Port Tobacco to Cane Ridge.” Stone-Campbell Journal 7, no. 2 (2004): 189-209.

Williams, D. Newell. “Barton W Stone’s Revivalist Theology.” In Cane Ridge in Context, 73-92. Nashville: Disciples of Christ Historical Soc, 1992.

Stone’s writings – http://www.mun.ca/rels/restmov/people/bstone.html

Peter Cartwright (1785-1872)

Bray, Robert C. “Peter Cartwright, Legendary Frontier Preacher.” University of Illinois Press, 2005.

Reese, Edward. The Life and Ministry of Peter Cartwright, Christian Hall of Fame Series. Glenwood, Ill.: Fundamental Publishers, 1976.

Cartwright, Peter. Autobiography of Peter Cartwright, the Backwoods’ Preacher; Ed by W P Strickland. New York: Carlton & Porter, 1856.

Cucheval-Clavigny, Philippe Athanase. “Peter Cartwright and Preaching in the West.” Methodist Review 54 (1872): 556-77.

Cucheval-Clavigny, Philippe Athanase. “Peter Cartwright and Preaching in the West.” Methodist Review 55 (1873): 69-88.

Midwestern and Later Northeast Phase/Expression

Charles G. Finney (1792-1875) the father of modern revivalism

Cafone, James Michael. The Role of the Holy Spirit in the Theology of Charles Grandison Finney, Studies in Sacred Theology : 2nd Ser. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University microfilms International, 1981.

De Blasio, Marlon D. “Charles Grandison Finney’s Understanding of Sanctification a Theological Inquiry.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Gresham, John Leroy. Charles G. Finney’s Doctrine of the Baptism of the Holy Spirit. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson Publishers, 1987.

Hambrick-Stowe, Charles E. Charles G. Finney and the Spirit of American Evangelicalism, Library of Religious Biography;. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 1996.

Hollon, David Leslie. “Love as Holiness : An Examination of Charles G. Finney’s Theology of Sanctification, 1830-1860.” xii, 235 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1984.

Kindelberger, Roy D. “The Lord’s Supper in the Theology of John Wesley, Charles Finney, and Stanley Horton a Wesleyan, Holiness, and Classical Pentecostal Perspective.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN) Access this title onlinehttp://dx.doi.org/10.2986/tren.001-1032.

Phipps, Dan C. “Saving Discipleship.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Reeve, James H. Finney Charles Grandison. “Holiness and the Holy Spirit in the Thought of Charles G. Finney.” 337 p. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Fuller Theological Seminary, 1990.

Weddle, David L. The Law as Gospel : Revival and Reform in the Theology of Charles G. Finney, Studies in Evangelicalism. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1985.

Gallien, Louis B., Jr. “Is Your All on the Altar? The Quest for Wesleyan Perfection in Campus Revivals at Oberlin and Wheaton Colleges.” Asbury Theological Journal 59, no. 1-2 (2004): 221-31.

Hannah, John D. “Layman’s Prayer Revival of 1858.” Bibliotheca sacra 134, no. 533 (1977): 59-73.

Johnson, James E. “Charles G Finney and a Theology of Revivalism.” Church History 38, no. 3 (1969): 338-58.

Lloyd-Jones, David Martyn. “Living the Christian Life : New Developments in the 18th and 19th Century Teaching.” In Living the Christian Life, 82-99. Huntingdon, Eng: Westminster Conference, 1974.

Madden, Edward H. “Holiness Thought and the Moral Image of Man.” Asbury Theological Journal 43, no. 2 (1988): 45-61.

Smith, Timothy L. “Doctrine of the Sanctifying Spirit : Charles G Finney’s Synthesis of Wesleyan and Covenant Theology.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 13 (1978): 92-113.

Smith, Timothy L. “Righteousness and Hope : Christian Holiness and the Millennial Vision in America, 1800-1900.” American Quarterly 31, no. 1 (1979): 21-45.

Sweet, Leonard I. “View of Man Inherent in New Measures Revivalism.” Church History 45, no. 2 (1976): 206-21.

Asahel Nettleton (1783-1844)

Jeffery, Peter. Lights Shining in the Darkness : Men of Faith. Darlington (England): Auburn, MA, 2003.

May, Sherry Pierport. “Asahel Nettleton, Nineteenth Century American Revivalist.” iii, 452 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Drew University, 1969.

Thornbury, John F. God Sent Revival : The Story of Asahel Nettleton and the Second Great Awakening. Welwyn: Grand Rapids, Mich., 1977.

Grossmann, Robert E. “The Calvinistic Ground of True Evangelism.” Mid-America Journal of Theology 3, no. 2 (1987): 218-35.

Swanson, Robert A. “Asahel Nettleton : The Voice of Revival.” Fundamentalist Journal 5, no. 5 (1986): 50-52.

some of his works are available at moneergism.com

Charles Hodge (1797-1878)

Hodge, Charles Noll Mark A. Charles Hodge : The Way of Life, Sources of American Spirituality;. New York: Paulist Press, 1987.

Hoffecker, W. Andrew. Piety and the Princeton Theologians : Archibald Alexander, Charles Hodge, and Benjamin Warfield. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1981.

Stewart, John W., and James H. Moorhead. Charles Hodge Revisited: A Critical Appraisal of His Life and Work. Grand Rapids; Cambridge: Eerdmans, 2002.

Cashdollar, Charles D. “Pursuit of Piety : Charles Hodge’s Diary, 1819-1820.” Journal of Presbyterian History 55 (1977): 267-84.

Hoffecker, Andrew. “Beauty and the Princeton Piety.” In Soli Deo Gloria, 118-33. [S.l]: Presbyterian and Reformed Pub Co, 1976.

Hoffecker, W. Andrew. “The Devotional Life of Archibald Alexander, Charles Hodge, and Benjamin B Warfield.” Westminster Theological Journal 42, no. 1 (1979): 111-29.

Noll, Mark A. “Charles Hodge as an Expositor of the Spiritual Life.” In Charles Hodge Revisited, 181-216. Grand Rapids

Cambridge: Eerdmans, 2002.

a number of his works are available at monergism.com

The 1858 Awakening

Long, Kathryn. The Revival of 1857-58 : Interpreting an American Religious Awakening, Religion in America Series; Variation: Religion in America Series (Oxford University Press). New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Orr, J. Edwin. The Fervent Prayer: The Worldwide Impact of the Great Awakening of 1858. Chicago: Moody Press, 1974.

Orr, J. Edwin Roberts Richard Owen. The Event of the Century : The 1857-1858 Awakening. Wheaton, Ill.: International Awakening Press, 1989.

Hannah, John D. “Layman’s Prayer Revival of 1858.” Bibliotheca sacra 134, no. 533 (1977): 59-73.

Sweet, Leonard I. “”A Nation Born Again” : The Union Prayer Meeting Revival and Cultural Revitalization.” In In the Great Tradition, 193-221. Valley Forge, Pa: Judson Press, 1982.

Hampel, Walter. “Prayer Revivals and the Third Great Awakening.” Evangelical Review of Theology 31, no. 1 (2007): 30-42.

Randall, Ian M. “Lay People in Revival: A Case Study of the ‘1859’ Revival.” Transformation 26, no. 4 (2009): 217-31.

Phoebe Palmer (1807-1874)

Chee, Wendy Ching Poh. “A Comparison of the Concept of the Holy Life in Phoebe Palmer and Francis De Sales as It Relates to Christian Spirituality.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Cunningham-Leclerc, Diane. “A Woman’s Way of Holiness an Analysis of Phoebe Palmer’s Theology with Reflection on Its Intrinsic Feminist Implications.” In Variation: American Society of Church History papers ;; SCH-16005., 1996.

Heath, Elaine A. Naked Faith : The Mystical Theology of Phoebe Palmer, Princeton Theological Monograph Series. Eugene, Or.: Pickwick Publications, 2009.

Palmer, Phoebe. Full Salvation : Its Doctrine and Duties. Salem, Ohio: Schmul, 1979.

Palmer, Phoebe Oden Thomas C. Phoebe Palmer : Selected Writings, Sources of American Spirituality;. New York: Paulist Press, 1988.

Schwanz, Keith. Satisfied : Women Hymn Writers of the 19th-Century Wesleyan/Holiness Movement. Grantham, Pa.: Wesleyan/Holiness Women Clergy, Inc., 1998.

Ware, Steven L. “Phoebe Palmer and the Male Leaders of the Holiness Renewal.” In Variation: American Society of Church History papers ;; SCH-16007., 1996.

White, Charles Edward. The Beauty of Holiness : Phoebe Palmer as Theologian, Revivalist, Feminist, and Humanitarian. Grand Rapids, Mich.: F. Asbury Press, 1986.

Coffing, Karen B. “Character & Personality : Pheobe.” Fides et historia 28, no. 1 (1996): 48-67.

Corbin, J. Wesley. “Christian Perfection and the Evangelical Association through 1875.” Methodist History 7, no. 2 (1969): 28-44.

Dieter, Melvin E. “The Development of 19th Century Holiness Theology.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 20, no. 1 (1985): 61-77.

Galea, Kate P. Crawford. “”Anchored Behind the Veil” : Mystical Vision as a Possible Source of Authority in the Ministry of Phoebe Palmer.” Methodist History 31, no. 4 (1993): 236-47.

Hardesty, Nancy, Lucille S. Dayton, and Donald W. Dayton. “Women in the Holiness Movement : Feminism in the Evangelical Tradition.” In Women of Spirit, 225-54. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.

Heath, Elaine A. “The Via Negativa in the Life and Writing of Phoebe Palmer.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 41, no. 2 (2006): 87-111.

Leclerc, Diane. “”The Spirit’s Cry in the Soul”: Heart Religion among American Methodist Women.” In “Heart Religion” in the Methodist Tradition and Related Movements, 175-205. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001.

Salter, Darius. “Mysticism in American Wesleyanism : Thomas Upham.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 20, no. 1 (1985): 94-107.

Schneider, A. Gregory. “Heart Religion on the Divide.” In “Heart Religion” in the Methodist Tradition and Related Movements, 127-74. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001.

White, Charles Edward. “What the Holy Spirit Can and Cannot Do : The Ambiguities of Phoebe Palmer’s Theology of Experience.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 20, no. 1 (1985): 108-21.

2.6 Germany

19th century German Evangelical Revival (see the CWS volume and my class notes

on this)

2.7 The British Evangelical Movement

Charles Simeon (1759-1836)

Hopkins, Hugh Evan. Charles Simeon of Cambridge. [Grand Rapids, Mich.]: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 1977.

Moule, H. C. G. Charles Simeon. 1st pbk. ed. London: Inter-Varsity Fellowship, 1965.

Piper, John. The Roots of Endurance : Invincible Perseverance in the Lives of John Newton, Charles Simeon, and William Wilberforce, The Swans Are Not Silent. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 2002.

Smyth, Charles Hugh Egerton. Simeon & Church Order; a Study of the Origins of the Evangelical Revival in Cambridge in the Eighteenth Century, The Birkbeck Lectures for 1937-8;: Cambridge [Eng.] University Press, 1940.

Bennett, Arthur. “Charles Simeon : Prince of Evangelicals.” Churchman 102, no. 2 (1988): 122-42.

Bennett, John C. “The Legacy of Charles Simeon.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 18, no. 2 (1994): 72-77.

Levenson, Russell Jones, Jr. “”To Humble the Sinner, to Exalt the Saviour, to Promote Holiness” : Reflections on the Life, Ministry, and Legacy of Charles Simeon.” Sewanee Theological Review 42, no. 1 (1998): 47-65.

Packer, James I. “Expository Preaching : Charles Simeon and Ourselves.” Churchman 74, no. 2 (1960): 94-100.

Simeon, Charles. Evangelical Preaching, Classics of Faith and Devotion. Portland, Or: Multnomah Pr, 1986.

Swift, David E. “Charles Simeon and J J Gurney : A Chapter in Anglican-Quaker Relations.” Church History 29, no. 2 (1960): 167-86.

Zabriskie, Alexander C. “Charles Simeon: Anglican Evangelical.” Church History 9, no. 2 (1940): 103-19.

his Horae Homileticae (21 vols) is available through Logos Bible Software; many of them through archive.org

John Newton (1725-1807)

Aitken, Jonathan. “John Newton : From Disgrace to Amazing Grace.” Crossway Books, 2007.

Hindmarsh, D. Bruce. John Newton and the English Evangelical Tradition : Between the Conversions of Wesley and Wilberforce. [Pbk. ]. ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 2001.

Newton, John Hindmarsh D. Bruce. The Life and Spirituality of John Newton. Vancouver, B.C.: Regent College Pub., 1998.

Piper, John. The Roots of Endurance : Invincible Perseverance in the Lives of John Newton, Charles Simeon, and William Wilberforce, The Swans Are Not Silent. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 2002.

Turner, Steve. Amazing Grace : The Story of America’s Most Beloved Song. 1st ed. New York: Ecco, 2002.

Leaver, Robin A. “Olney Hymns 1779, 2 : The Hymns and Their Use.” Churchman 94, no. 1 (1980): 58-66.

McMinn, Mark R. “Amazing Sin, How Deep We’re Bound: Finding the Courage to Trust in Grace.” Christianity Today 48, no. 5 (2004): 50-53.

Myers, Robert Manson. “Fifty Sermons on Handel’s Messiah.” Harvard Theological Review 39, no. 4 (1946): 217-41.

Phipps, William E. “”Amazing Grace” in the Hymnwriter’s Life.” Anglican Theological Review 72, no. 3 (1990): 306-12.

Williams, Garry J. “Was Evangelicalism Created by the Enlightenment?” Tyndale Bulletin 53, no. 2 (2002): 283-312.

The John Newton Project – http://www.johnnewton.org/ – with complete works

Hannah More (1725-1833)

Collingwood, Jeremy Collingwood Margaret. Hannah More. 1st ed, A Lion Paperback;. Oxford, England: Batavia, Ill., USA, 1990.

Ford, Charles Howard. Hannah More : A Critical Biography, Studies in Nineteenth-Century British Literature,; V. 4;. New York: P. Lang, 1996.

Ingham, Arleen M. Women and Spirituality in the Writing of More, Wollstonecraft, Stanton, and Eddy. 1st ed. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Scheuermann, Mona. In Praise of Poverty : Hannah More Counters Thomas Paine and the Radical Threat. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2002.

Stott, Anne. “Hannah More : The First Victorian.” New York, 2003.

Booty, John E. “Christian Spirituality : From Wilberforce to Temple.” In Angican Spirituality, 69-103. Wilton, Conn: Morehouse-Barlow, 1982.

Hancock, Maxine. “Mysticism, Dissidence and Didacticism : Recovering the Tradition of Women Writing the Faith, 1350-1800.” Crux 32, no. 2 (1996): 20-29.

Jeffrey, David L. “Beyond a Frivolous Faith : The Incisive Witness of Hannah More.” Reformed Journal 37, no. 3 (1987): 23-27.

Webb, R. K. “Rational Piety.” In Enlightenment and Religion, 287-311. [S.l]: Cambridge Univ Pr, 1996.

William Wilberforce (1759-1833)

Hague, William. “William Wilberforce : The Life of the Great Anti-Slave Trade Campaigner.” Harcourt, 2007.

Piper, John. The Roots of Endurance : Invincible Perseverance in the Lives of John Newton, Charles Simeon, and William Wilberforce, The Swans Are Not Silent. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 2002.

Pollock, John Charles. Wilberforce. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1978.

Pura, Murray. Vital Christianity : The Life and Spirituality of William Wilberforce. Toronto: Clements Pub., 2002.

Tomkins, Stephen. “William Wilberforce : A Biography.” William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 2007.

Wilberforce, William Belmonte Kevin Charles. Prayers and Reflections : Selected Spiritual Writings of William Wilberforce. Boston: Riven Oak Press, 1999.

Wilberforce, William Byrd Stephanie. Amazing Dad : Letters from William Wilberforce to His Children. [United States]: Xulon Press, 2010.

Booty, John E. “Christian Spirituality : From Wilberforce to Temple.” In Angican Spirituality, 69-103. Wilton, Conn: Morehouse-Barlow, 1982.

Dawn, Maggi. “Prayer Acts.” Christian Century 124, no. 20 (2007): 19-318.

Pura, Murray. “The Spirituality of William Wilberforce.” Crux 20, no. 4 (1984): 12-20.

Rennie, Ian S. “William Wilberforce: The Rise and Decline of Progressive Evangelical Anglicanism.” Didaskalia (Otterburne, Man.) 11, no. 2 (2000): 1-18.

Sanlon, Peter. “Bringing Emotions to the Surface in Ministry.” Anvil 26, no. 3-4 (2009): 231-42.

Thomas Chalmers (1740-1847)

Brown, Stewart J. Thomas Chalmers and the Godly Commonwealth in Scotland. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: New York, 1982.

Cheyne, A. C. The Practical and the Pious : Essays on Thomas Chalmers (1780-1847). Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press, 1985.

Harper, J. Wilson. The Social Ideal : And Dr. Chalmers’ Contribution to Christian Economics, Chalmers Lectures, 8th Series;. Edinburgh: Macniven & Wallace, 1910.

Roxborogh, John. Thomas Chalmers, Enthusiast for Mission : The Christian Good of Scotland and the Rise of the Missionary Movement, Rutherford Studies in Historical Theology; Variation: Rutherford Studies.; Series One,; Historical Theology. Edinburgh: Published for Rutherford House by Paternoster Press, 1999.

Bishop, John. “Thomas Chalmers : Preaching with Courage and Power.” Preaching 6, no. 4 (1991): 46-48.

Brown, Stewart J. “The Christian Socialist Movement in Scotland C. 1850-1930.” Political Theology, no. 1 (1999): 59-84.

Chambers, Don. “Church of Scotland’s Parochial Extension Scheme and the Scottish Disruption.” Journal of Church and State 16, no. 2 (1974): 263-86.

Hilton, Boyd. “The Role of Providence in Evangelical Social Thought.” In History, Society and the Churches, 215-33. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Pr, 1985.

Lewis, Donald M. “The Evangelical Mission to the Poor in 19th Century England.” Crux 21, no. 3 (1985): 9-16.

Noll, Mark A. “Thomas Chalmers (1780-1847) in North America (Ca. 1830-1917).” Church History 66, no. 4 (1997): 762-77.

Perkins, Douglas Lloyd. “Thomas Chalmers : Urban Advocate of the Poor.” Urban Mission 10 (1993): 25-36.

Roxborogh, John. “The Legacy of Thomas Chalmers.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 23, no. 4 (1999): 173-76.

Topham, Jonathan R. “Science, Natural Theology, and Evangelicalism in Early Nineteenthy-Century Scotland : Thomas Chalmers and the Evidence Controversy.” In Evangelicals and Science in Historical Perspective, 142-74. New York: Oxford Univ Pr, 1999.

look for some of his works at archive.org

Clapham Sect (1790ff)

Hennell, Michael. John Venn and the Clapham Sect. London: Lutterworth Press, 1958.

Howse, Ernest Marshall. Saints in Politics: The “Clapham Sect” and the Growth of Freedom. Toronto: University of Toronto, 1952.

Telford, John. A Sect That Moved the World : Three Generations of Clapham Saints and Philanthropists. London: Charles H. Kelly, 1907.

Tolley, Christopher Dr. Domestic Biography : The Legacy of Evangelicalism in Four Nineteenth-Century Families, Oxford Historical Monographs;. Oxford [England] : Clarendon Press: New York, 1997.

Tomkins, Stephen. Clapham Sect : How Wilberforce’s Circle Transformed Britain. Oxford: Lion, 2010.

Hilton, Boyd. “Evangelical Social Attitudes: A Reply to Ralph Brown.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 60, no. 1 (2009): 119-25.

Roberts, M. J. D. “The Society for the Suppression of Vice and Its Early Critics, 1802-1812.” Historical Journal 26, no. 1 (1983): 159-76.

White, John. “Christian Responsibility to Reform Society: The Example of William Wilberforce and the Clapham Sect.” Evangelical Review of Theology 32, no. 2 (2008): 166-72.

Dominance – 1850-1900

3.1 Experiments in Surrender and “Spirit” -uality (through 1925)

Movements –

Holiness,

Keswick,

Dispensational,

Reformed

William (1829-1912) and Catherine (1829-1890) Booth – holiness

Green, Roger Joseph. Catherine Booth : A Biography of the Cofounder of the Salvation Army. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Books, 1996.

Hattersley, Roy. Blood & Fire : William and Catherine Booth and Their Salvation Army. 1st ed. New York: Doubleday, 1999.

Pentecost, John. “William Booth and the Doctrine of Holiness.” [ii], 305, 5, 10, 1, 38, 20 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–University of Sydney, 1998.

Railton, George S. The Authoritative Life of General William Booth, Founder of the Salvation Army. New York: Hodder & Stoughton, George H. Doran Co., 1912.

Woodall, Ann M. “What Price the Poor? : William Booth, Karl Marx, and the London Residuum.” In Rethinking classical sociology;Burlington, VT, 2005.

Yaxley, Trevor Vanderwal Carolyn. William & Catherine : The Life and Legacy of the Booths, Founders of the Salvation Army : A New Biography. Minneapolis, Minn.: Bethany House Publishers, 2003.

Green, Roger J. The Life and Ministry of William Booth, Founder of the Salvation Army. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2005.

Murdoch, Norman H. “Wesleyan Influence on William and Catherine Booth.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 20, no. 2 (1985): 97-103.

Wesley, Cindy. “Witnessing Women: The Ministry of Women in Early Methodism.” In Courage to Bear Witness, 108-23. Eugene, Or: Pickwick Pubns, 2009.

*D. L. Moody (1837-1899) – cf. Secret Power, The Way to God

Brown, Leo K. The Private Devotional Lives of Finney, Moody, and Spurgeon. San Rafael, Calif.: [s.n.], 1963.

Dorsett, Lyle W. A Passion for Souls : The Life of D.L. Moody. Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1997.

Gustafson, David M. D. L. Moody and Swedes : Shaping Evangelical Identity among Swedish Mission Friends, 1867-1899, Linköpings Studies in Arts and Science; 419; Linköpings Studies in Identity and Pluralism; 7;. Linköping: Linköping university, Department of culture and communication, 2008.

Miller, Steve. D.L. Moody on Spiritual Leadership. Chicago, Ill.: Moody Publishers, 2004.

Moody, Dwight Lyman. The Overcoming Life, Pure Gold Classic;. Orlando, Fla.: Bridge-Logos, 2007.

Moody, Dwight Lyman Bell James S. The D.L. Moody Collection : The Highlights of His Writings, Sermons, Anecdotes, and Life Story. Chicago: Moody Press, 1997.

Smith, Timothy L. “Idealistic Revivalist.” Christian Century 86, no. 34 (1969): 1093-95.

Varg, Paul A. “Motives in Protestant Missions, 1890-1917.” Church History 23, no. 1 (1954): 68-82.

F. B. Meyer (1847-1829) – UK Keswick, closed saloons and brothels, called “Christian

socialist” cf. The Way into the Holiest, The Secrete of Guidance

Holman, Bob. F.B. Meyer : “If I Had a Hundred Lives”. Tain: Christian Focus, 2007.

Meyer, F. B. Best of F.B. Meyer. Uniform Title: Selections. 1994. Fearn: Christian Focus, 1994.

Randall, Ian M. Spirituality and Social Change : The Contribution of F.B. Meyer (1847-1929), Studies in Evangelical History and Thought; Variation: Studies in Evangelical History and Thought. Milton Keynes, UK: Waynesboro, GA, 2003.

Roberts, Philip Ilott. F.B. Meyer, Preacher, Teacher, Man of God. New York: Chicago [etc.] Fleming H. Revell Co., 1929.

“The Premillenial Manifesto.” Christian Century 34, no. 50 (1917): 7-8.

Randall, Ian M. “”Arresting People for Christ” : Baptists and the Oxford Group in the 1930s.” Baptist Quarterly 38, no. 1 (1999): 3-18.

Randall, Ian M. “F B Meyer: Baptist Ambassador for Keswick Holiness Spirituality.” Baptist History and Heritage 37, no. 2 (2002): 44-60.

Randall, Ian M. “Spiritual Renewal and Social Reform : Attempts to Develop Social Awareness in the Early Keswick Movement.” Vox Evangelica 23 (1993): 67-86.

The works of F.B. Meyer can be found at http://www.gotothebible.com/HTML/MeyerFB.html

Frances Willard (1839-1898) – Women’s Christian Temperance Union

Baker, Jean H. “Sisters : The Lives of America’s Suffragists.” Hill and Wang, 2005.

Bordin, Ruth Birgitta Anderson. Frances Willard : A Biography. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

Dillon, Mary Earhart. Frances Willard; from Prayers to Politics. Chicago: Ill., University of Chicago Press, 1944.

Gordon, Anna A. The Life of Frances E. Willard. Evanston, Ill.: National Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, 1921.

Hornung, Virginia Spain. Prayer, Persuasion and Politics : The Leadership Style of Frances E. Willard. Evanston, Ill.: [s.n.], 1981.

Dayton, Donald W., and Lucille Sider Dayton. “Women as Preachers : Evangelical Precedents.” Christianity Today 19, no. 17 (1975): 4-7.

Gifford, Carolyn De Swarte. “”My Own Methodist Hive” : Frances Willard’s Faith as Disclosed in Her Journal, 1855-1870.” In Spirituality and Social Responsibility, 80-97. Nashville: Abingdon Pr, 1993.

Gifford, Carolyn De Swarte. “”The Woman’s Cause Is Man’s”? Frances Willard and the Social Gospel.” In Gender and the Social Gospel, 21-34. Urbana, Ill

Champaign

Chicago: Univ of Illinois Pr, 2003.

Keller, Rosemary Skinner. “Conversions and Their Consequences : Women’s Ministry and Leadership in the United Methodist Tradition.” In Religious Institutions and Women’s Leadership, 101-23. Columbia: Univ of South Carolina Pr, 1996.

Keller, Rosemary Skinner. Spirituality and Social Responsibility : Vocational Vision of Women in the United Methodist Tradition. Nashville: Abingdon Pr, 1993.

Lee, Susan Dye. “Evangelical Domesticity : The Woman’s Temperance Crusade of 1873-1874.” In Women in New Worlds, 293-309. Nashville: Abingdon Pr, 1981.

Warner, Laceye. “Saving Women: Re-Visioning Contemporary Concepts of Evangelism.” In Considering the Great Commission, 119-33. Nashville, Tenn

[S.l.]: Abingdon Pr

Alban Books, 2005.

B. B. Warfield (1851-1921) – cf. his Perfection – a response/contribution to the holiness

dialogue from Princeton theology

Cho, David D. “The Old Princeton Presbyterian Response to the Holiness Movement in the Late Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries in America.” vi, 356 p. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Westminster Theological Seminary, 1994.

Hoffecker, W. Andrew. Piety and the Princeton Theologians : Archibald Alexander, Charles Hodge, and Benjamin Warfield. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1981.

Hoffecker, W. Andrew. The Relation between the Objective and Subjective Elements in Christian Religious Experience : A Study in the Systematic and Devotional Writings of Archibald Alexander, Charles Hodge, and Benjamin B. Warfield. [Providence]: Hoffecker, 1970.

Kwok, Man Chee. Benjamin B. Warfield’s Doctrine of Illumination in Light of Conservative Calvinistic Tradition1995.

Hoffecker, W. Andrew. “The Devotional Life of Archibald Alexander, Charles Hodge, and Benjamin B Warfield.” Westminster Theological Journal 42, no. 1 (1979): 111-29.

Ruthven, Jon. On the Cessation of the Charismata : The Protestant Polemic on Postbiblical Miracles, Journal of Pentecostal Theology.; Supplement Series. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993.

Barnes, L. Philip. “Miracles, Charismata and Benjamin B Warfield.” Evangelical Quarterly 67 (1995): 219-43.

Fuller, Daniel P. “Benjamin B Warfield’s View of Faith and History : A Critique in the Light of the New Testament.” Bulletin of the Evangelical Theological Society 11, no. 2 (1968): 75-83.

Gleason, Randall C. “B B Warfield and Lewis S Chafer on Sanctification.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 40, no. 2 (1997): 241-56.

Helseth, Paul Kjoss. “B B Warfield on the Apologetic Nature of Christian Scholarship: An Analysis of His Solution to the Problem of the Relationship between Christianity and Culture.” Westminster Theological Journal 62, no. 1 (2000): 89-111.

Hoffecker, W. Andrew. “The Devotional Life of Archibald Alexander, Charles Hodge, and Benjamin B Warfield.” Westminster Theological Journal 42, no. 1 (1979): 111-29.

Murray, John J. “Have Miraculous Gifts Ceased.” Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology 3 (1985): 55-59.

lots of his essays at monergism.com

*J. C. Ryle (1816-1900) – Evangelical Churchman from England cf. Holiness

duties and such

Clark, M. Guthrie. John Charles Ryle, 1816-1900 : First Bishop of Liverpool, Great Churchmen. London: Church Book Room Press, 1900.

Packer, J. I. Ryle J. C., and Holiness. Faithfulness and Holiness : The Witness of J.C. Ryle : An Appreciation by J.I. Packer. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 2002.

Russell, Eric. J. C. Ryle : That Man of Granite. Fearn, Ross-shire, Scotland: Christian Focus, 2008.

Ryle, J. C. Backhouse Robert. Holiness. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1996.

Toon, Peter Smout Michael, and author joint. John Charles Ryle : Evangelical Bishop. Swengel, Pa.: Reiner Publications, 1976.

Farley, Ian D. “Neither Open nor Conservative: J C Ryle, Radical Evangelical.” Anvil 22, no. 3 (2005): 199-210.

Hart, G. W. “Evangelical Bishop.” Expository Times 93, no. 9 (1982): 270-73.

Nix, William E. “John Charles Ryle : The Bishop with Simplicity of Style and Sincerity of Soul.” Fundamentalist Journal 5, no. 10 (1986): 27-28.

Packer, James I. “What Holiness Is, and Why It Matters.” Cross Point 16, no. 1 (2003): 14-15.

see http://www.biblebb.com/ryle.htm

*Mr. Beverly Carradine (1848-1931) – holiness (cf. Adam Clarke [1762-1832], studied by

Phoebe Palmer; see also Aaron M. Hills (1848-1935))

Dunning, H. Ray. “Nazarene Ethics as Seen in a Theological, Historical, and Sociological Context.” ii, 229 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Vanderbilt University.

Long, Gene. Beverly Carradine : Prince of Holiness Writers. Salem, Ohio: Allegheny Publications, 2003.

Waller, Gary L. The Historical and Theological Contribution of A. M. Hills to the Doctrine of Christian Perfection within the Church of the Nazarene1989.

Wesley, John Clarke Adam, and ca. The Entire New Testament on Holiness : A Concise Verse by Verse Commentary. Salem, Ohio: Schmul Pub. Co., 2001.

Carradine, Beverly. The Second Blessing in Symbol. Columbia, South Carolina: L L Pickett, 1893.

Long, Gene. Beverly Carradine : Prince of Holiness Writers. Salem, Ohio: Allegheny Publications, 2003.

Truesdale, Albert. “Reification of the Experience of Entire Sanctification in the American Holiness Movement : Bibliog.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 31, no. 1 (1996): 95-119.

“Atonement as Taught by Wesley, Fletcher, Clarke, and Watson, in Their Sermons and Other Theological Writings.” Methodist Review 29 (1847): 414-33.

Clarke, Adam. “Christian Perfection.” Methodist Review 11, no. 4 (1828): 141-46.

Dunn, Samuel. “Adam Clarke as a Preacher.” Methodist Review 49 (1867): 50-68.

Vermillion, William H. “The Devotional Use of Scripture in the Wesleyan Movement.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 16, no. 1 (1981): 51-67.

Wesley, John, Clarke, Adam, and ca. The Entire New Testament on Holiness : A Concise Verse by Verse Commentary. Salem, Ohio: Schmul Pub. Co., 2001.

a number of Carradine’s works can be found at http://www.victoryoversin.com/

*Andrew Murray (1828-1917) – South Africa, Keswick speaker

classic presentation in Believer’s Absoulute Surrender

(not carnal Christian, but fillings; cf. also his With Christ in the School of

Prayer)

Abrahamsen, Carl E. “The Doctrine of Sanctification in the Works of Andrew Murray in Light of Romans Vi.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

De Villiers, Theo C. Is Dr Andrew Murray a Mystic? [S.l.: s.n.], 1919.

Gordon, Ruth Carolyn. “The Holy Spirit in the Experience of the Believer According to Selected Writings of Andrew Murray.” iii, 67 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (M.R.E.)–Biblical Seminary in New York, 1954.

Lee, Hee-Young. “The Spirituality of Andrew Murray Jr. (1828-1917) : A Theological-Critical Assessment.” xix, 324 p. ; 1 ill., 1 map ; 30 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph.D. (Ecclesiology))–University of the Free State, 2006.

Lindner, William. Andrew Murray, Men of Faith;. Minneapolis, Minn.: Bethany House Publishers, 1996.

Lindner, William L. “Andrew Murray a Nineteenth Century Model for Twentieth Century Faithfulness.” [4], iii, 299, [1] leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (D. Min.)–Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, 1995.

Perry, Howard W. “A Comparative Study on Views on Prayer as Held by E.M. Bounds, Andrew Murray and George Arthur Buttrick.” iv, [64] leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (B.D.)–Western Evangelical Seminary, 1952.

Claasen, Johan W. “Scottish Clergymen and Colour Prejudice in the Cape Church.” Studia historiae ecclesiasticae 20, no. 1 (1994): 120-45.

many works by Andrew Murray can be found at http://www.victoryoversin.com/murray/index.html, project Gutenberg and CCEL

J. Hudson Taylor, (1832-1905) – ultimately influenced by Keswick

Alex, Marlee. Hudson Taylor : The Missionary Who Won a Nation by Prayer, 1832-1905, Heroes of Faith & Courage;. [Wheaton, IL?]: Victor Books, 1995.

Taylor, Howard Taylor Howard, and Mrs. Hudson Taylor’s Spiritual Secret. London: China Inland Mission, 1932.

Taylor, James Hudson Dorsey Jon P. The Collected Works of J. Hudson Taylor of the China Inland Mission. Limited ed. Spring Lake, Mich.: Dust & Ashes Publications, 2006.

Sanders, John Oswald, James Hudson Taylor, J. O. Fraser, Will Bruce, and M. E. Tewksbury. World Prayer: Powerful Insights from Four of the World’s Great Men of Prayer. Littleton, Colo: OMF Bks, 1999.

Wigram, Christopher E. M. The Bible and Mission in Faith Perspective: J. Hudson Taylor and the Early China Inland Mission. Zoetermeer, Netherlands: Uitgeverij, 2007.

Taylor’s works can be found at project Gutenberg

* Hannah Whitall Smith (1832-1911) – Reformed Evangelical Holiness

Bell, Gloria J. Cloud of Witnesses : Portraits of Women Ministers in the Wesleyan/Holiness Movement. Grantham, PA: Wesleyan/Holiness Women Clergy, 2000.

MacDonald, Meg Meneghel. “Becoming a “Heretic” : Hannah Whitall Smith, Quakerism, and the Nineteenth-Century Holiness Movement.” vi, 263, 5 p. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Indiana University, 2000.

Wheeler, James Patrick. “”Oh, the Rest and Calm of a Life Like This” : A Critical Examination of Hannah Whitall Smith’s the Unselfishness of God and How I Discovered It.” x, 102 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (M.A.)–Baylor University, 1994.

Wills, Anne Blue. “Imagination Beyond Belief : The Cultural Sources of Hannah Whitall Smith’s Devotional Writing.” 273 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Duke University, 2001.

Campbell, Debra. “Hannah Whitall Smith (1832-1911) : Theology of the Mother-Hearted God.” Signs 15, no. 1 (1989): 79-101.

Dieter, M. E. “From Vineland and Manheim to Brighton and Berlin : The Holiness Revival in Nineteenth-Century Europe.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 9 (1974): 15-27.

Dieter, Melvin E. “The Wesleyan/Holiness and Pentecostal Movements : Commonalities, Confrontation, and Dialogue.” Pneuma 12, no. 1 (1990): 4-13.

Hardesty, Nancy. “Hannah Whitehall Smith Found the Secret.” Daughters of Sarah 10, no. 5 (1984): 20-22.

Spencer, Carole D. “Evangelism, Feminism and Social Reform : The Quaker Woman Minister and the Holiness Revival.” Quaker History 80, no. 1 (1991): 24-48.

Spencer, Carole D. “Holiness: The Quaker Way of Perfection.” Quaker History 93, no. 1 (2004): 123-47.

Note: Hannah Whitall Smith’s most popular devotional work, The Christian’s Secret of a Happy Life, is available everywhere. There are also numerous printings of her autobiography, The Unselfishness of God and How I Discovered It available. Yet many of the printings of the autobiography remove chapters 21-23, where she recounts her shift to a more universalist position on salvation.

E. M. Bounds (1835-1913) – Methodist chaplain, pastor, prayer warrior

Dorsett Lyle W. E.M. Bounds : Man of Prayer. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1991.

Irvin, Willis. The Prayer Warrior : A Mini-Biography of Dr. E.M. Bounds. Augusta, GA: The Author, 1983.

King, Darrel D. “The Prophet of Prayer : Edward Mckendree Bounds.” 319 p. ; 29 cm.

Fanny Crosby (1820-1915) – songwriter,

Blumhofer, Edith Waldvogel. Her Heart Can See : The Life and Hymns of Fanny J. Crosby, Library of Religious Biography;. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 2005.

Crosby, Fanny. Fanny J. Crosby : An Autobiography, Christian Biography Series;. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1986.

Hearn, Chester Hearn S. Ann. Safe in the Arms of Jesus : The Story of Fanny Crosby. Fort Washington, Pa.: Christian Literature Crusade, 1998.

Schwanz, Keith. Satisfied : Women Hymn Writers of the 19th-Century Wesleyan/Holiness Movement. Grantham, Pa.: Wesleyan/Holiness Women Clergy, Inc., 1998.

Blumhofer, Edith L. “Fanny Crosby and Protestant Hymnody.” In Music in American Religious Experience, 215-31. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Caulfield, Benjamin. “Fanny Crosby Still Sings of Jesus.” Hymn 21 (1970): 51-53.

Cox, Stephen D. “Theory, Experience and “the American Religion”.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 36, no. 3 (1993): 363-73.

Gleason, Bruce. “”To God Be the Glory”.” Christianity and the Arts 7, no. 3 (2000): 48-49.

Gosselin, Blanche. “”She Hath Done What She Could”.” Fundamentalist Journal 7, no. 5 (1988): 26-27.

Grindal, Gracia. “An Interpretation : “Blessed Assurance”.” Hymn 39 (1988): 26-27.

Larson, Darrell. “”When We All Get to Heaven” : The Ecumenical Influence of the American Gospel Song.” Restoration Quarterly 36, no. 3 (1994): 154-72.

Rogal, Samuel J. “Sankey’s Sacred Sisters : Women in Gospel Hymns, Numbers 1-6 Complete (1894-1895).” Hymn 49, no. 1 (1998): 15-20.

Watkins, Keith. “A Few Kind Words for Fanny Crosby.” Worship 51, no. 3 (1977): 248-59.

Amanda Smith (1837-1915) – holiness evangelist (travelled around world)

Cook, Faith. Overcoming the World, Et Perspectives;. Darlington, England: Evangelical Times, 2007.

Israel, Adrienne M. Amanda Berry Smith : From Washerwoman to Evangelist, Studies in Evangelicalism. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 1998.

Smith, Amanda. An Autobiography : The Story of the Lord’s Dealings with Mrs. Amanda Smith, the Colored Evangelist, The Schomburg Library of Nineteenth-Century Black Women Writers;. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Hairston, Vivian L. “Amanda Berry Smith.” Ashland Theological Journal 37 (2005): 65-76.

Hardesty, Nancy, and Adrienne Israel. “Amanda Berry Smith : A “Downright, Outright Christian”.” In Spirituality and Social Responsibility, 60-79. Nashville: Abingdon Pr, 1993.

Jacobs, Sylvia M. “Three Afro-American Women : Missionaries in Africa, 1882-1904.” In Women in New Worlds, 268-80. Nashville, Tenn: Abingdon, 1982.

Keefe, Alice A. “When God Says “Go” : Active Mysticism and the Practice of Discernment.” Religious Studies and Theology 17, no. 1 (1998): 19-32.

Keller, Rosemary Skinner. “Conversions and Their Consequences : Women’s Ministry and Leadership in the United Methodist Tradition.” In Religious Institutions and Women’s Leadership, 101-23. Columbia: Univ of South Carolina Pr, 1996.

* Oswald Chambers (1874-1917) – Scotch; Keswick influence. My Utmost for His

Highest (published posthumously, so much of the influence of this is later)

Chambers, Oswald Verploegh Harry. Oswald Chambers : The Best from All His Books. 2 vols. Nashville, Tenn.: Oliver-Nelson Books, 1987.

McCasland, Dave. Oswald Chambers : Abandoned to God. Grand Rapids, Mich. : Discovery House: Nashville, Tenn., 1993.

McCasland, David C. “My Search for Oswald Chambers : Who Was the Man Behind My Utmost for His Highest?” Christianity Today 37, no. 11 (1993): 35-40.

Packer, James I. “Wisdom in a Time of War: What Oswald Chambers and C.S. Lewis Have to Teach Us About Living through the Long Battle with Terrorism.” Christianity Today 46, no. 1 (2002): 44-49.

Randall, Ian M. “”Arresting People for Christ” : Baptists and the Oxford Group in the 1930s.” Baptist Quarterly 38, no. 1 (1999): 3-18.

Randall, Ian M. “‘Look to Jesus Christ’: English Baptists and Evangelical Spirituality.” American Baptist Quarterly 25, no. 1 (2006): 8-26.

Wirt, Sherwood Eliot. “Their Utmost for His Highest : Oswald and Gertrude Chambers.” Christianity Today 18, no. 19 (1974): 16-17.

P. T. Forsyth (1848-1921) –

Bradley, William Lee. P.T. Forsyth; the Man and His Work. London: Independent Press, 1952.

Brown, Robert McAfee. P.T. Forsyth: Prophet for Today. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1952.

Due, N. “The Holiness of God in P.T. Forsyth’s Theology of Atonement.” iv, 102 leaves, bound ; 30 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (B. Th. Hons.)–Flinders University of S. Aust. 1987.

Forsyth, Peter Taylor. A Sense of the Holy : An Introduction to the Thought of P.T. Forsyth through His Writing. Eugene, CA: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 1996.

Hamilton, Kenneth M. Love or Holy Love? : Nels Ferré Versus P.T. Forsyth. [S.l.: s.n.], 1962.

Hsü, John Dao-Luong. “Peter Taylor Forsyth’s Concept of Spirituality.” v, 237 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–Aquinas Institute of Theology, 1974.

McCurdy, Leslie. Attributes and Atonement : The Holy Love of God in the Theology of P.T. Forsyth, Paternoster Biblical and Theological Monographs;. Carlisle, Cumbria: Paternoster, 1999.

Miller, Donald G. Barr Browne Paul Robert S., Forsyth Peter Taylor, preaching Positive, and mind modern. P.T. Forsyth–the Man, the Preachers’ Theologian, Prophet for the 20th Century : A Contemporary Assessment, The Pittsburgh Theological Monograph Series. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Pickwick Press, 1981.

Pitt, Clifford S. Church, Ministry, and Sacraments : A Critical Evaluation of the Thought of Peter Taylor Forsyth. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1983.

Rodgers, John H. The Theology of P.T. Forsyth; the Cross of Christ and the Revelation of God. London: Independent Press, 1965.

Benedetto, Robert. P T Forsyth Bibliography and Index, Bibliographies and Indexes in Religious Studies. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Pr, 1993.

Bishop, John. “P T Forsyth : “Preaching and the Modern Mind”.” Religion in Life 48, no. 3 (1979): 303-08.

Brown, Robert McAfee. “”Conversion” of P T Forsyth.” Congregational Quarterly 30 (1952): 236-44.

Craston, Colin. “The Grace of a Holy God : P T Forsyth and the Contemporary Church.” In Authority in the Anglican Communion, 47-64. Toronto: Anglican Book Centre, 1987.

Goroncy, Jason A. “The Elusiveness, Loss and Cruciality of Recovered Holiness: Some Biblical and Theological Observations.” International Journal of Systematic Theology 10, no. 2 (2008): 195-209.

Hart, Trevor A. Justice, the True and Only Mercy: Essays on the Life and Theology of Peter Taylor Forsyth. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1995.

Jackson, George D. “P T Forsyth’s Use of the Bible.” Interpretation 7, no. 3 (1953): 323-37.

Leow, Theng-Huat. “‘The Cruciality of the Cross’: P.T. Forsyth’s Understanding of the Atonement.” International Journal of Systematic Theology 11, no. 2 (2009): 190-207.

Logan, Alastair H. B. “Peter Taylor Forsyth : Review Article.” Expository Times 107, no. 4 (1996): 115-16.

Mikolaski, Samuel J. “P T Forsyth on the Atonement.” Evangelical Quarterly 36, no. 2 (1964): 78-91.

Mikolaski, Samuel J. “The Theology of P T Forsyth.” Evangelical Quarterly 36, no. 1 (1964): 27-41.

Rochelle, Gabriel C. “Apophatic Preaching and the Postmodern Mind.” St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 50, no. 4 (2006): 397-419.

Sell, Alan P. F. “Anabaptist-Congregational Relations and Current Mennonite-Reformed Dialogue.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 61, no. 3 (1987): 321-34.

Shaw, John Mackintosh. “The Theology of P T Forsyth.” Theology Today 3, no. 3 (1946): 358-70.

William E. Boardman

Ekholm, Dwight A. Theological Roots of the Keswick Movement: William E. Boardman, Robert Pearsall Smith, and the Doctrine of the “Higher Christian Life” 1992. (Basel, Univ., Diss., 1991.)

3.2. The Welsh and Early Pentecostal Revivals (early 20th century)

Evan Roberts (1878-1951)

Neprash, I. V. The Spirituality of Evan Roberts, the Welsh Revivalist ; Personal Glimpses: Philadelphia I. V. Neprash, 1956.

Rees, J. Tudor. Evan Roberts : His Life and Work. London: Sunday Companion, 1800.

Stewart, James A. Invasion of Wales by the Spirit through Evan Roberts. Fort Washington: Pa., Christian Literature Crusade, 1963.

Stewart, James A. When the Spirit Came. Philadelphia, PA: Revival Literature, 1963.

Cho, Kyuhyung. “The Importance of the Welsh Religious Revival in the Formation of British Pentecostalism.” Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Association 30, no. 1 (2010): 20-33.

Gitre, Edward J. “The 1904-05 Welsh Revival: Modernization, Technologies, and Techniques of the Self.” Church History 73, no. 4 (2004): 792-827.

Pope, Robert. “Demythologising the Evan Roberts Revival, 1904-1905.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 57, no. 3 (2006): 515-34.

Reinhardt, Wolfgang. “‘A Year of Rejoicing’: The Welsh Revival 1904-05 and Its International Challenges.” Evangelical Review of Theology 31, no. 2 (2007): 100-26.

Jessie Penn-Lewis (1861-1927)

Garrard, Mary N. Jessie Penn-Lewis, a Memoir. 1st Canadian ed. Streetsville, Ont.: Ontario Christian Books, 1989.

Jones, Brynmor Pierce. The Trials and Triumphs of Jessie Penn-Lewis. North Brunswick, NJ: Bridge-Logos, 1997.

Penn-Lewis, Jessie. The Leading of the Lord : A Spiritual Autobiography. [Poole: Overcomer Publications, 1980.

Cho, Kyuhyung. “The Importance of the Welsh Religious Revival in the Formation of British Pentecostalism.” Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Association 30, no. 1 (2010): 20-33.

William Seymour (1870-1922)

Enrichment : A Century of Pentecostal Vision. Springfield, MO: General Council of Assemblies of God, 1999.

Nelson, Douglas J. “For Such a Time as This : The Story of Bishop William J. Seymour and the Azusa Street Revival, a Search for Pentecostal/Charismatic Roots.” PhD. dissertation University of Birmingham, 1981. 363 leaves.

Seymour, William Joseph. The Great Azusa Street Revival : The Life and Sermons of William Seymour. Fort Lauderdale, Fla.: Wilmington Pub. Group, 2006.

Archer, Kenneth J. “Early Pentecostal Biblical Interpretation.” Journal of Pentecostal Theology, no. 18 (2001): 32-70.

Hollenweger, Walter J. “Pentecostals and the Charismatic Movement.” In Study of Spirituality, 549-54. New York: Oxford University Pr, 1986.

Irvin, Dale T. “”Drawing All Together in One Bond of Love” : The Ecumenical Vision of William J Seymour and the Azusa Street Revival.” Journal of Pentecostal Theology, no. 6 (1995): 25-53.

Irvin, Dale T. “Pentecostal Historiography and Global Christianity: Rethinking the Question of Origins.” Pneuma 27, no. 1 (2005): 35-50.

Klaus, Byron D. “Pentecostalism and Mission.” Missiology 35, no. 1 (2007): 39-54.

Lewis, B. Scott. “William J Seymour: Follower of the “Evening Light” (Zech 14:7).” Wesleyan Theological Journal 39, no. 2 (2004): 167-83.

Macchia, Frank D. “Pentecost as the Power of the Cross: The Witness of Seymour and Durham.” Pneuma 30, no. 1 (2008): 1-3.

Nelson, Douglas J. “The Black Face of Church Renewal : The Meaning of a Charismatic Explosion, 1901-1985.” In Faces of Renewal, 172-91. Peabody, Mass: Hendrickson Pub, 1988.

Omenyo, Cephas. “William Seymour and African Pentecostal Historiography: The Case of Ghana.” Asian Journal of Pentecostal Studies 9, no. 2 (2006): 244-58.

Rodgers, Darrin J. “The Assemblies of God and the Long Journey toward Racial Reconciliation.” Assemblies of God Heritage 28 (2008): 50-61.

Sanders, Rufus G. W. William Joseph Seymour: Black Father of the Twentieth-Century Pentecostal/Charismatic Movement. Sandusky, OH: Alexandria Pubns, 2001.

Synan, Vinson. “The Azusa Street Revival: Celebrating 100 Years.” Assemblies of God Heritage 25, no. 4 (2006): 6-11.

Synan, Vinson. “A Healer in the House? A Historical Perspective on Healing in the Pentecostal/Charismatic Tradition.” Asian Journal of Pentecostal Studies 3, no. 2 (2000): 189-201.

Synan, Vinson. “William Seymour.” Christian History 19, no. 1 (2000): 17-19.

Tinney, James S. “William J Seymour [1855?-1920?] : Father of Modern-Day Pentecostalism.” Journal of the Interdenominational Theological Center 4, no. 1 (1976): 34-44.

John G. Lake (1870-1935)

Burpeau, Kemp Pendleton. God’s Showman : A Historical Study of John G. Lake and South African/American Pentecostalism, The Refleks-Series. Oslo: Refleks, 2004.

Keefauver, Larry. The Lessons of John G. Lake on Prayer, A Charisma Classic Bible Study.;. Orlando, FL: Creation House, 1997.

Lake, John G. Lindsay Gordon. The John G. Lake Sermons on Dominion over Demons, Disease and Death. 10th ed. Dallas, Tex.: Christ for the Nations, 1982.

Lance, Douglas G. “Holiness-Pentecostal Evangelists Maria Woodworth-Etter and John G. Lake and Their Teaching on Healing in the Atonement.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Lindsay, Gordon. John G. Lake, Apostle to Africa. Dallas, Tex.: Christ for the Nations, 1972.

Reidt, Wilford H. Jesus, God’s Way of Healing and Power to Promote Health : Featuring the Miracle Ministry of Dr. John G. Lake. Tulsa, Okla.: Harrison House, 1981.

Reidt, Wilford H. John G. Lake : A Man without Compromise. Tulsa, Okla.: Harrison House, 1989.

Horn, Nico. “Crossing Racial Borders in Southern Africa: A Lesson from History.” Cyberjournal for Pentecostal-Charismatic Research 3 (1998).

Poloma, Margaret M. “Old Wine, New Wineskins: The Rise of Healing Rooms in Revival Pentecostalism.” Pneuma 28, no. 1 (2006): 59-71.

Susanto, Johanes Lilik, and Jacques Theron. “Compassion on People as a Stimulus for the Development of the Church’s Healing Ministry: Lessons from the Lives of Two Pentecostal Pioneers.” Studia historiae ecclesiasticae 34, no. 2 (2008): 169-84.

3.3. The Fragmentation of Evangelical Spiritualities and the Emergence of Fundamentalism (1910-1940)

Sadhu Sundar Singh (1889-1929?) India

Riddle, T. E. Vision and Call : A Life of Sadhu Sundar Singh. Auckland, N.Z.: Overseas Missions Committee, Presbyterian Church of New Zealand, 1955.

Satyavrata, Ivan Morris. “God Has Not Left Himself without Witness” : A Critical Examination of the “Fulfilment” Concept in the Christian Understanding of Other Religions in Indian Christian Thought, with Special Reference to the Contribution of Krishna Mohan Banerjea and Sadhu Sundar Singh to Protestant Fulfilment Theology: n.p., 2001.

Sharpe, Eric J. The Riddle of Sadhu Sundar Singh. New Delhi: Intercultural Publications, 2003.

Thompson, Phyllis. Sadhu Sundar Singh. Carlisle, Cumbria: OM Pub., 1992.

Dayanandan Francis, T. “Sadhu Sundar Singh : The Lover of the Cross.” Asia Journal of Theology 4, no. 1 (1990): 24-35.

Gray, G. Francis S. “Sadhu Sundar Singh and the Non-Christian Religions.” International Review of Mission 48, no. 192 (1959): 421-26.

Moss, Arthur Bruce. “The Religious Teaching of Sadhu Sundar Singh.” Methodist Review 114 (1931): 122-25.

Sharpe, Eric J. “Christian Mysticism in Theory and Practice : Nathan Söderblom and Sadhu Sundar Singh.” Religious Traditions 4, no. 1 (1981): 19-37.

Sharpe, Eric J. “The Legacy of Sadhu Sundar Singh.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 14, no. 4 (1990): 161-67.

Sharpe, Eric J. “Sadhu Sundar Singh and His Critics : An Episode in the Meeting of East and West.” Religion 6, no. 1 (1976): 48-66.

Surya Prakash, Perumalla. “The Contribution of Sadhu Sundar Singh : Preacher and Theologian.” Bangalore Theological Forum 31, no. 1 (1999): 101-16.

Tete, Jyoti. “Sadhu Sundar Singh (1889-1929).” In Indian Christian Thinkers, 212-19. Chennai: Satya Nilayam Pubs, 2005.

Amy Carmichael (1867-1951) – reflections from India; Keswick influence

Carmichael, Amy. Candles in the Dark : Letters of Amy Carmichael. 1st American ed, A Dohnavur Book;. Fort Washington, Penn.: Christian Literature Crusade, 1982.

Davis, Rebecca Henry. With Daring Faith : A Biography of Amy Carmichael. Greenville, SC: Bob Jones University Press, 1987.

Elliot, Elisabeth. A Chance to Die : The Life and Legacy of Amy Carmichael. Old Tappan, N.J.: F.H. Revell Co., 1987.

Wellman, Sam. Amy Carmichael : A Life Abandoned to God, Heroes of the Faith;. Uhrichville, Ohio: Barbour Pub., 1998.

Daughrity, Dyron B. “A Dissonant Mission: Stephen Neill, Amy Carmichael, and Missionary Conflict in South India.” International Review of Mission 97, no. 384-885 (2008): 103-15.

Elliot, Elisabeth Howard. “The Person Who Influenced Me Most.” Christianity Today 27, no. 15 (1983): 26-31.

Jeyaraj, Daniel. “Amy Carmichael: The Child-Rescuing “Amma”.” American Baptist Quarterly 24, no. 3 (2005): 220-41.

Sharpe, Eric J. “The Legacy of Amy Carmichael.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 20, no. 3 (1996): 121-25.

Tucker, Ruth. “Biography as Missiology : Mining the Lives of Missionaries for Cross-Cultural Effectiveness.” Missiology 27, no. 4 (1999): 429-40.

Charles G. Trumbull (1872-1941) Keswick advocate; editor of Sunday School

Weekly

Howard, Philip E. ed. Charles Gallaudet Trumbull, Apostle of the Victorious Life. Philadelphia: Sunday school times Co., 1944.

H. A. Ironside (1876-1951) – Pastor Moody Church

English, E. Schuyler. Ordained of the Lord, H.A. Ironside : A Biography. 1st ed. Neptune, N.J.: Loizeaux Brothers, 1976.

Huggins, Ronald Vincent. Romans 7 and the Ordo Salutis from Arminius to Ironside (1591-1928) : With Special Emphasis on the American Revivalist Tradition in Its Trans-Atlantic Connection. Toronto: Ont., 1996.

Ironside, H. A. Random Reminiscences from Fifty Years of Preaching, Fundamentalism in American Religion, 1880-1950. New York: Garland Pub., 1988.

Reese, Edward. The Life and Ministry of Harry Ironside, Christian Hall of Fame Series. Glenwood, Ill.: Fundamental Publishers, 1976.

Williams, Gene Miller. “A Critique of the Preaching of Henry Allan Ironside.” ix, 140 leaves ; 29 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (Th. D.)–New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, 1955.

Grace Winona Woods (???) cf. The Half Can Never Be Told (1927)

Woods, Grace Winona, The Half Can Never Be Told. Atlantic City, N.J.: The world wide revival prayer movement /, 1927.

Yao, Kevin Xiyi. “Missionary Women and Holiness Revivals in China During the 1920s.” In Gospel Bearers, Gender Barriers, 73-84. Maryknoll, N.Y: Orbis Books, 2002.

Aimee Semple McPherson (1890-1944)

Alexander, Estrelda. “Gender and Leadership in the Theology and Practice of Three Pentecostal Women Pioneers.” v, 295 leaves.

Barfoot, Chas H. Aimee Semple Mcpherson and the Making of Modern Pentecostalism, 1890-1926. London: Oakville, CT, 2009.

Blumhofer, Edith Waldvogel. Aimee Semple Mcpherson : Everybody’s Sister, Library of Religious Biography;. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 1993.

Epstein, Daniel Mark. Sister Aimee : The Life of Aimee Semple Mcpherson. 1st ed. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1993.

Lewis, Todd Vernon. Charismatic Communication and Faith Healers : A Critical Study of Rhetorical Behavior. [Baton Rouge, La.]: Lewis, 1980.

McPherson, Aimee Semple. This Is That, The Higher Christian Life;. New York: Garland, 1985.

Pullman, Steven J. “Foul Demons, Come Out!”: The Rhetoric of Twentieth-Century American Faith Healing. Westport, Conn: Praeger, 1999.

Sutton, Matthew Avery. Aimee Semple Mcpherson and the Resurrection of Christian America. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Blumhofer, Edith L. “Aimee Semple Mcpherson and the Decisive Wichita Meeting : The Assemblies of God of the Roaring Twenties Wanted to Know: “Is Sister Mcpherson Pentecostal?”.” Assemblies of God Heritage 13 (1993): 18-21.

Coffing, Karen B. “Character & Personality : Pheobe.” Fides et historia 28, no. 1 (1996): 48-67.

Davis, Russell H. “Calling a Divine Summons : Biblical and Depth Psychological Perspectives.” Union Seminary Quarterly Review 51, no. 3-4 (1997): 131-43.

Reed, Eric. “Mother of Invention: Aimee Semple Mcpherson’s Angelus Temple Is Full Once Again, as Matthew Barnett Takes up Her Pulpit and Two of Her Passions.” Leadership 26, no. 1 (2005): 26-27.

Shreve, Charles A. “”Lord, Go among Us,” the Coming of the Holy Spirit to a Washington D.C. Methodist Church.” Assemblies of God Heritage 20, no. 2 (2000): 22-25.

Sutton, Matthew Avery. “”Between the Refrigerator and the Wildfire”: Aimee Semple Mcpherson, Pentecostalism, and the Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy.” Church History 72, no. 1 (2003): 159-88.

Townsend, Gregg D. “The Material Dream of Aimee Semple Mcpherson : A Lesson in Pentecostal Spirituality.” Pneuma 14, no. 2 (1992): 171-83.

Smith Wigglesworth (1859-1947)

Frodsham, Stanley Howard. Smith Wigglesworth : Apostle of Faith. Springfield, Mo.: Gospel Pub. House, 1948.

Hibbert, Albert. Smith Wigglesworth : The Secret of His Power. Tulsa, OK: Harrison House, 1982.

Keefauver, Larry Wigglesworth Smith. Praying with Smith Wigglesworth. Orlando, FL: Creation House, 1996.

Wilson, Julian. Wigglesworth : The Complete Story : A New Biography of the ‘Apostle of Faith’ Smith Wigglesworth. Milton Keynes: Authentic Pub., 2002.

Cartwright, Desmond W. “The Real Wigglesworth.” Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Association 17 (1997): 90-96.

Dorries, David W. “The Making of Smith Wigglesworth.” Assemblies of God Heritage 12 (1992): 4-8.

Dorries, David W. “The Making of Smith Wigglesworth.” Assemblies of God Heritage 12 (1993): 20-23.

Susanto, Johanes Lilik, and Jacques Theron. “Compassion on People as a Stimulus for the Development of the Church’s Healing Ministry: Lessons from the Lives of Two Pentecostal Pioneers.” Studia historiae ecclesiasticae 34, no. 2 (2008): 169-84.

Warner, Wayne E. “Smith Wigglesworth : The Man They Called “the Apostle of Faith”.” Assemblies of God Heritage 20, no. 2 (2000): 24-318.

see also www.smithwigglesworth.com

Kathryn Kuhlman (1907-1976 ) note decline in Pentecostal revival from 1935-47

her influence is also present in following section

Buckingham, Jamie. Daughter of Destiny : Kathryn Kuhlman, Her Story. Plainfield, N.J.: Logos International, 1976.

Hinn, Benny. Kathryn Kuhlman : Her Spiritual Legacy and Its Impact on My Life. Nashville, Tenn.: T. Nelson, 1999.

Hosier, Helen Kooiman. Kathryn Kuhlman : The Life She Led, the Legacy She Left. Old Tappan, N.J.: F.H. Revell, Co., 1976.

Liardon, Roberts. Kathryn Kuhlman : A Spiritual Biography of God’s Miracle Working Power, A Living Classic Book;. Tulsa, Okla.: Harrison House, 1990.

McDonald, Jimmie. The Kathryn Kuhlman I Knew. Shippensburg, PA: Treasure House, 1996.

“Kathryn Kuhlman : Dying to Self.” Christianity Today 20, no. 12 (1976): 47-48.

Jordan, Frederick W. “At Arm’s Length : The First Presbyterian Church, Pittsburgh, and Kathryn Kuhlman.” In Pentecostal Currents in American Protestantism, 188-208. Urbana: Univ of Illinois Pr, 1999.

McCauley, Deborah Vansau. “Kathryn Kuhlman.” In Twentieth-Century Shapers of American Popular Religion, 225-33. Westport, Conn: Greenwood, 1989.

Pullman, Steven J. “Foul Demons, Come Out!”: The Rhetoric of Twentieth-Century American Faith Healing. Westport, Conn: Praeger, 1999.

Warner, Wayne E. “At the Grass-Roots : Kathryn Kuhlman’s Pentecostal-Charismatic Influence on Historic Mainstream Churches.” Pneuma 17, no. 1 (1995): 51-65.

Warner, Wayne E. “Kathryn Kuhlman : Don’t Call Me a Faith Healer.” Assemblies of God Heritage 13 (1993): 13-15.

Note: Many accounts of healings were published in her books, which were “ghost-written” by author Jamie Buckingham of Florida, including her autobiography, which was dictated at a hotel in Las Vegas. Buckingham also wrote his own Kuhlman biography that presented an unvarnished account of her life.(cf. Jamie Buckingham, Daughter of Destiny)

Toyohio Kagawa (1888-1960) Japan

Axling, William. Kagawa. New York; London: Harper & Brothers, 1932.

Chinen, Theodore Kamasuka. “Kagawa : His Concept of Christian Ethics.” p. ; cm. Dissertation: Thesis (S.T.M.)–Union Theological Seminary (New York, N.Y.). [New York].

Kagawa, Toyohiko Beasley-Topliffe Keith. Living out Christ’s Love : Selected Writings of Toyohiko Kagawa ; Selected, Edited, and Introduced by Keith Beasley-Topliffe. Uniform Title: Selections. English. 1998, Upper Room Spiritual Classics.; Series 2;. Nashville, TN: Upper Room Books, 1998.

Reid, T. Wemyss. Kagawa : Mystic and Man of Action. London: Independent Press, 1937.

Schildgen, Robert. Toyohiko Kagawa : Apostle of Love and Social Justice. Berkeley, Calif., USA: Centenary Books, 1988.

Simon, Charlie May Hogue. A Seed Shall Serve : The Story of Toyohiko Kagawa, Spiritual Leader of Modern Japan. 1st ed. New York: Dutton, 1958.

Brumbaugh, Thoburn Taylor. “Kagawa: Christian Socialist.” Christian Century 63, no. 51 (1946): 1531-32.

Drummond, Richard Henry. “Kagawa : Christian Evangelist.” Christian Century 77, no. 28 (1960): 823-25.

Fukada, Robert Mikio. “The Legacy of Toyohiko Kagawa.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 12, no. 1 (1988): 18-22.

Fukada, Robert Mikio. “Toyohiko Kagawa : A Mosaic Artist for God.” Princeton Seminary Bulletin 10, no. 1 (1989): 23-38.

Furuya, Yasuo. “Who Was Toyohiko Kagawa?” Princeton Seminary Bulletin 23, no. 3 (2002): 301-12.

Howes, John F. “Two Types : Kagawa and Uchimura.” Theology Today 23, no. 1 (1966): 88-97.

Kiyoshige, Naohirō. “Jesus in Japanese Christian Thought : Uchimura and Kagawa.” Japan Christian Quarterly 49, no. 1 (1983): 31-37.

Morimoto, Anri. “The Forgotten Prophet: Rediscovering Toyohiko Kagawa.” Princeton Seminary Bulletin 28, no. 3 (2007): 292-308.

Mullins, Mark R. “Christianity as a Transnational Social Movement: Kagawa Toyohiko and the Friends of Jesus.” Japanese Religions 32, no. 1-2 (2007): 69-87.

Peery, T. Benton. “Kagawa Reports on Work: His Evangelism Campaign Wins Many Converts–Follow-up Is Needed.” Christian Century 64, no. 14 (1947): 444-318.

A. W. Tozer (1897-1963) –

Dorsett, Lyle W. “A Passion for God : The Spiritual Journey of A.W. Tozer.” Moody Publishers, 2008.

Evearitt, Daniel J. “A.W. Tozer the Spiritual Formation of a Prophet-Mystic.” http://www.tren.com

http://www.tren.com Note: Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN).

Fant, David Jones. A. W. Tozer, a Twentieth Century Prophet. Harrisburg: Pa., Christian Publications, 1964.

Friesen, Kenneth Leroy. “A Study of the Doctrine of Holiness in the Thought of A.W. Tozer.” xi, 206 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (M. Div.)–Western Evangelical Seminary, 1971.

Harris, Eleanor Lynn. The Mystic Spirituality of A. W. Tozer : A Twentieth-Century American Protestant. San Francisco: Mellen research university press, 1992.

Harris, E. Lynn. The Mystic Spirituality of A.W. Tozer : A Twentieth-Century American Protestant. San Francisco : Mellen Research University Press: Lewiston, NY, USA, 1992.

Harris, E. Lynn. “The Thought of Aiden Wilson Tozer : An Analysis and Appraisal with Special Emphasis on His Mysticism and Conceptual Approach to the World.” 3, vi, 230 leaves. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)–New York University, 1980.

Snyder, James L. In Pursuit of God : The Life of A.W. Tozer. Camp Hill, Pa.: Christian Publications, 1991.

Wick, Robert Stanley. “A. W. Tozer on Sanctification : A Study Emphasizing Doctrine and Practical Application.” 126 leaves ; 28 cm. Dissertation: Thesis (M.A.)–Seattle Pacific University.

Henry, Carl F. H. “Knowledge of the Holy: The Attributes of God: Their Meaning in Christian Life.” Christianity Today 5, no. 23 (1961): 50-318.

King, Paul L. “Seek Not, Forbid Not: The Early Christian and Missionary Alliance Position in Glossolalia.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 40, no. 2 (2005): 184-219.

Kinlaw, Dennis F. “Don’t Ever Read a Good Book.” Christianity Today 30, no. 7 (1986): 10-318.

Mellinger, Laurie. “A W Tozer: Prophet to a Generation.” Evangelical Journal 21, no. 1 (2003): 1-16.

Snyder, James L. “The Preaching Ministry of a W Tozer.” Preaching 7, no. 6 (1992): 48-50.

Snyder, James L. “A W Tozer : A Man in Pursuit of God.” Fundamentalist Journal 5, no. 3 (1986): 46-48.

various versions of “The A. W. Tozer Electronic Library are available” (57 volumes) online

Watchman Nee (1903-1972) early influence in China, later in US

Johnson, Stephen C. “The Spirituality of Watchman Nee, Its Sources and Its Influences.” In Variation: Evangelical Theological Society papers ;; ETS-3917., 1987.

Kinnear, Angus I. Against the Tide : The Story of Watchman Nee. Fort Washington, Pa.: Christian Literature Crusade, 1974.

Laurent, Bob. Watchman Nee : Man of Suffering, Heroes of the Faith;. Uhrichsville, Ohio: Barbour Pub., 1998.

Lyall, Leslie T. Three of China’s Mighty Men. London: Overseas Missionary Fellowship Books, 1973.

Roberts, Dana. Understanding Watchman Nee : The Newest Book on Watchman Nee. Plainfield, N.J.: Haven Books, 1980.

Batten, Jim. “The Two Aspects of the Spirit in the New Testament: A Response to Archie Hui.” Affirmation & Critique 10, no. 2 (2005): 103-09.

Cliff, Norman H. “Watchman Nee – Church Planter and Preacher of Holiness.” Evangelical Review of Theology 8, no. 2 (1984): 289-97.

Henry, Carl F. H. “Sharper Focus on Watchman Nee.” Christianity Today 19, no. 16 (1975): 31-32.

Hui, Archie. “The Pneumatology of Watchman Nee: A New Testament Perspective.” Evangelical Quarterly 76, no. 1 (2004): 3-29.

Ip, King-Tak. “Watchman Nee’s Pneumatology.” Hill Road 4, no. 1 (2001): 95-115.

Lee, Joseph Tse-Hei. “Watchman Nee and the Little Flock Movement in Maoist China.” Church History 74, no. 1 (2005): 68-96.

Leung, Ka-Lun. “Trichotomistic Anthropology of Watchman Nee in His the Spiritual Man.” Jian Dao, no. 13 (1999): 183-232.

Ying, Fuk-tsang. “Watchman Nee and the Three-Self Movement, 1949-1951.” Jian Dao, no. 20 (2003): 129-75.

http://www.ministrybooks.org/collected-works.cfm

4.1 Spiritual Figures of New Evangelicalism

earlier spirituality present in later period

Major W. Ian Thomas (1914-2007) Saving Life of Christ (1961)- exchanged life

J. Sidlow Baxter (1903-1972) Going Deeper, His Deeper Work in You (1960s)

J. Edwin Orr (1912-1987) note also his reviews of earlier revivals

Corrie Ten Boom (1892-1983)

Derek Prince (1915-2003)

new beginnings

Henrietta Mears (1890-1963)

Francis Schaeffer (1912-1984)

Donald Bloesch ( – 2010)

E. Glen Hinson

Richard Lovelace

J. I. Packer

David and Karen Mains

Larry Richards

Dallas Willard

Richard Foster – Renovare founded around 1988

Roberta Hestenes

John White

John Wimber (1934-1997)

James Houston

NOTES and DISCOVERIES along the way

Figures and Movements

Evangelical Spirituality

Protestant Spirituality

Reformation Spirituality

The politics of the Reformation played a part in the whole. Weak Holy Roman emporer, and princes all with limited power, but some power. thus a lot of vying for this or that prince/king’s support for this or that faction of the reformation.

Note the issues: how you dress, how the meeting place is decorated, what you sing, what you say, who leads the meeting. these are all matters which govern how we mediate our relationship with God, in what kind of environment we feel comfortable (or we believe in) to give us access to God.

furthermore less distinction for many between politics and spirituality (except spiritualists – and this is the question), because it is a matter of how we (a community or state) is to live out relationship with God, and many saw humankind as a state, not just as individuals.

Luther –

Topics in Luther studies these days

– Justification and Theosis (Kark, and Terese’s text)

– Mystics

– Prayer (Psalms. LP, Hymns. . . )

– Everyday (spiritual counsel, piety of Reformation Xty. . .)

Origins of Puritanism and Pietism

Puritanism – English popery, laxity, late medieval, war, Karlstadt and other Anabaptists?

Pietism – puritan (Ames, Bayly), late medieval, Germal spiritualists and Anabaptists.

Note: different pietists with different influence. Arndt is clearly reappropriating medieval sources in a Lutheran context. Boehme is working with the German spiritualist tradition (Schwenkfeld, Weigel . . . ). I will need to check further into the sources consciously used by Spener and Francke. I suspect that Strassburg and the Netherlands might play an important part in the transmission of a wide range of thought since they became home to all kinds of religious refugees: Anabaptists, English dissenters (and eventually Baptists), spiritualists and so on.

EH – I think that the Anabaptists’ influence was made at precisely those points which moved the

C of E and Lutheran institutions in the direction of what was to become Evangelicalism:

– conversion

– spirit (note spectrum)

– seriousness of life

– minimization of “externals”

– Scripture

– key doctrines (note tension with some spiritualists)

– and so on

Evangelical Precursors

Stoddard draws largely (and widely) from the Puritan (and even Anglican – Hooker) tradition:

Baxter, Goodwin, Hooker, Shepard (Sincere Convert)

In his Guide to Christ, he appears to especially appreciate–at least at the beginning–Norton’s Orthodox Evangelist and Firmin’s Real Christianity. I must check these out.

I see a use of Puritan/Pietist literature in the earliest stages of evangelicalism. The emphasis in the 18th century is on the character of real Christianity. Holiness of life is assumed, but not developed. In the second Great awakening the movement is to pursuit of the kingdom of God, which is outward as much as inward (evangelism and missions), along with inter-evangelical disputes. This develops to the point where Finney can say that he hand’t thought to consider sanctification. Then holiness becomes THE issue.

The State of the Study of Evangelical Spirituality

Work on Luther, Calvin

Puritans and Pietists

practices and manuals

18th century – certainly Wesley and some Edwards, yet other figures only dissertations

after the first generation, a few dissertations – need to review sermon collections, coonversion

accounts, and diaries – (e.g. how much was family worship practiced?)

Later in England, these manuals came into popularity again, in the rise of Victorian culture

character, spread, diversity of small groups

hymns and songs

With regard to women: woefully inadequate research – Mary Savage, Sally Parsons . . . begin with references in Noll, Rise.

Note Susanna Anthony and her relationship with women’s ascetical issues

Hindmarsh, Randall, Beeke, Schwanda

Ian Randall, Exangelical Experiences

This study examines some key approaches to ecumenical social ethics in the past century as expressed in the thought of Walter Rauschenbusch Reinhold Niebhur and the World Council of Churches.The author argues that unless Christians are clear about the ways that theology and philosophy relate to one another and work themselves out in our practical commitments we will lose the ability to discuss social ethics as individuals and churches let alone reach effective arguments.

David Bebbington

HOLINESS IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY ENGLAND
By David Bebbington
Paternoster. 97 pages
ISBN 0 85364 981 2

This book comprises the Didsbury Lectures for 1998, and it makes an interesting and worthwhile contribution to the series which gave us F.F. Bruce’s Men and Movements in the Primitive Church and many another scholarly yet accessible work.

The book looks at four views of holiness in the 19th century: those of the High Church, including the Oxford Movement; the Calvinist Tradition; the Wesleyan Tradition; and the Keswick Movement.

In discussing the High Church tradition, the author sets the 19th-century scene. The interest here is the peppering of facts and figures: the increase in weekly eucharists, the adoption of the white surplice for ministers, the use of flowers in church, Gothic architecture, the growth of reverence within, and for, the church building. In among these is an analysis of the High Church understanding of holiness as a process of growth in godly habits, but this section of the book is more historically focused and less thematically focused than the others.

The Calvinist and Wesleyan traditions have characteristic features of holiness teaching: a focus on conversion, the cross, the Bible, and activism. The development of Calvinistic theology away from double predestination gave an opening for an understanding of the importance of exertion in spiritual life. The author sees the growth of missions and evangelism, together with an emphasis on learning and meetings as characteristic outworkings of 19th-century Calvinist holiness. Wesleyanism shared many of these concerns, and indeed took very seriously its role in educating and civilising the people. But its holiness teaching developed along the lines laid down by its founder’s notions of an experience of ‘entire sanctification’. These two chapters helpfully outline the main points of the views of holiness inherited by Calvinism and Wesleyanism, illustrating them from contemporary sources as far as possible.

The Keswick tradition of ‘sanctification by faith’ is seen as a transatlantic import, and one that depended as much, in origin, on personalities as on ideas. Nevertheless it became the ‘backbone of 20th-century conservative Evangelicalism’. Once again the main characteristics of Keswick holiness teaching and the development of the movement are discussed.

One of the attractions of this book is that it identifies interactions between cultural trends and the perception of holiness. The two main influences were from the Enlightenment and Romanticism. So the High Church and Keswick traditions were influenced more by Romanticism (fresh flowers and beautiful scenery, among many more significant aspects), and the Calvinist and Wesleyan traditions were affected more by Enlightenment rationalism, moralism, pragmatism and optimism. This points to the limitations of the book: these named influences can only ever be a kind of shorthand for the complex developments of thought and tradition that were going on. The book is admirably brief and clear, but the broad-brush picture inevitably lacks detail. The author is fully aware of this, of course, and so he restricts his claim to originality to his taking holiness seriously both as an idea and as a religious, social and cultural phenomenon. This strikes me as a very considerable contribution, and one that I hope will set a trend for future studies.

There is something in this book for most readers. It is well grounded in the sources. It is accessibly written and there are ample references to historical literature for following up the ideas. The author does not pursue the question as to what current notions of holiness might be, and how they might make an impact on our world, but this book will stimulate the thoughtful reader to consider that question. Bebbington convincingly makes the case that holiness matters.

Themes and Thoughts

Definition and Key emphases

Hindmarsh – evangelicalism as spirituality

Definition of spirituality – “Christian spirituality focuses, subjectively, on the “with-God” life in all of its lived dimensions. It concerns the manner by which individually and corporately we understand our existence and live in communion with Christ in response to the Spirit in pursuit of holiness resulting in service to others.” Christian spirituality is about “relationship with God,” and “vital spiritual life.” Objectively, Christian spirituality is that academic discipline which explores this “with-God” life, this understanding of and communion with Christ (and so on). As a student and representative of “evangelical spirituality” then, I understand my task to be to share something of the ways in which evangelicalism distinctively (as evangelical) approaches the with-God life or vital spiritual relationship with God.

Which brings us to the question of just what is an “evangelical.” There has been a fair amount of debate over the years regarding this very topic.[fn] Nevertheless, a consensus seems to be emerging among many evangelicals–and especially among historians of evangelicalism–regarding a strategy for defining evangelicalism.

[cf. (a) Bebbington Quadrilateral and (b) Larsen Pentagon]

(a) conversionism, activism, biblicism, crucicentrism

(b) orthodox Protestant, tradition of revival networks, Scripture, cross, HS>conversion and

mission

yet diversity (“Types of Puritan Piety”) – mosaic, kaleidoscope

I am in basic agreement with the direction of this strategy. Indeed, my own strategy in this chapter will be first to explore various marks of evangelicalism as these illumine the evangelical approach to relationship with God, and secondly to consider the means and institutions through which this relationship is experienced. Consequently, some of the core issues of Christian spirituality (key emphases, spiritual formation, role of Christ and the Spirit, goals or end-game) will be addressed within my discussion of the marks of evangelical spirituality while others (means and disciplines, institutional church) will be treated in the second part of this essay.

PART ONE: MARKS OF EVANGELICAL SPIRITUALITY

Review Bebbington, Larsen. While these are valuable characteristics of evangelicalism as an ecclesial movement, they are inadequate to illumine the full character of evangelicalism as a movement of lived spirituality. For this reason I will address the marks offered by Bebbington and Larsen through a treatment of protestant, orthodox, conversion, and active. I will then explore lay orientation and bounded ecumenicity, marks which I believe are characteristic of evangelicalism and valuable as lenses through which to view evangelical spirituality. I will close with a brief mention of other issues relevant to a more general understanding of evangelical approach to relationship with God.

1. Evangelical Spirituality is Protestant (distinct from RC – yet certainly things retained, yet notion of “primitive church”) – Protests – an intentional break from:

A. The mechanics of Late Medieval popular spirituality

Devotion to Mary – On March 12, 1522, Karlstadt spoke about Marian pictures, which were venerated at the time, and urged that they all be removed. Special aim was taken at Marian pictures visited in in pilgrimages. He asked for the destruction of Marian shrines such as the Church Mary the Beautiful in Regensburg Karlstadt was not alone in his quest, but was supported by Martin Bucer, Huyldrich Zwingli, and John Calvin. (Bildersturn in Bäumer, Marienlexikon, Regensburg, 1988, p. 481).

England – Ten Articles: images, saints, rites and ceremonies, purgatory – later council in 1538

(compulsory clerical celibacy, the withholding of the chalice from the laity, and the maintenance of private masses for the dead

“beads, pardons, pilgrimages, and such other like popery” with weeds, but the roots of the weeds were transubstantiation, the real presence, and the sacrificial nature of the mass. Cranmer, Defence of Sacrament

B1. The corruption of Late Medieval monastic spirituality

B2. The system of Late Medieval monastic spirituality

Here see Luther’s “On Monastic Vows” Calvin’s chapter on Vows, Bucer, and others

C. The speculation of Late Medieval scholastic spirituality;

mystery of God included here (not over-specified – cf. Humanist background of many)

basic Biblical simplicity – can become shallow answer, yet)

D. The institution of Late Medieval ecclesial spirituality

spectrum of opinion here, yet all reject much

E. The framework of Late Medieval mystical spirituality

review complex analysis of reformers tensions with late medieval mysticism

Erb on Arndt on union; Lovelace, Calvin (Beeke on Calvin’s piety)

Bucer spoke against images (tension), saints, private masses, auricular confession

Puritans against all kinds of Popery (vestments, genuflections and such)

Lyman Beecher’s anti-Catholicism

Evangelicals vs. Tractarians

Ryle on Catholicism

Key Emphases:

2. Evangelical Spirituality is Orthodox (core doctrines) – The Role of Jesus Christ included here

Christ/crucicentrism – eucharistic debates – sacrifice where; centrality of Christ’s sacrifice

note rejection of saints, Mariology, icons .. .

On Christ, see Zinzendorf on 16 Lectures

Discernment and Authority – [Scripture central-biblicism]

Spiritualism and Scripture – Marpeck and Schwenkfeld

Arndt/Spener and Boehme

Tensions with Scripture and other sources

Underpinning much of Warfield’s theology was his adherence to Calvinism as espoused by the Westminster Confession of Faith. It is sometimes forgotten that, in his battles against modernism on the one hand, and against revivalism on the other, he was simply expressing the Reformed faith when applied to certain situations.

It was Warfield’s belief that the 16th century Reformers, as well as the 17th century Confessional writers, were merely summarizing the content and application of scripture. New revelations, whether from the minds of celebrated scholars or popular revivalists, were therefore inconsistent with these confessional statements (and therefore inconsistent with Scripture). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._B._Warfield

faith (not works) and regeneration (not mere assent) – assurance issue (see below)

cf. Timothy Dwight, “Discourse on the Genuineness and Authenticity of the New Testament”

vs. “infidel philosophy” – cf. Infidel Philosophy, and The Triumph of Infidelity

Nathaniel Taylor – The Second Great Awakening, despite its scope and power, was opposed by the more established church, especially Episcopalians and “Old Calvinists“, but also the growing Unitarian movement.

3. Evangelical Spirituality Emphasizes Conversion

Orthodox and protestant was not enough – formalism, enthusiasm – true religion

Menno Simons earliest writings – Spiritual Resurrection 1536

Conversion (The Goals or End-game) [conversionism/revival networks]

The goal or end game of evangelical spirituality was [and is when it is most authentic to its own heritage] the acquisition and maintenance of true religion – not a form of relationship with God, or a kind of experience of relationship with God, but rather a character or quality of that relationship.

What true religion is not

cf. Gilbert Tennent (1743) The Examiner, Examined; Coalter, 45.

Tennent also conceded that “passion without knowledge and judgement” was but “vain Fancy.” But he continued to caution that “knowledge and judgement without some degree of passion” made Christianity a “dead formality.”35

What true religion is

Justification – cf. case study in Arndt

Union – Calvin (PDF), Beeke on Calvin’s Piety, Puritan (PDF), Erb on Arndt

Assurance – cf. “Perkins’ Greatest Case,” “Assurance in Puritans,” Beeke

Sanctification/Perfection/ (renewal – Spener)

Glorification

The Role of the Holy Spirit [HS – conversion]

as Authority (vs. dead orthodoxy) – in dialogues with Scripture

Müntzer, Karlstadt (note Luther’s criticism); later Denck and spiritualists

PDF – Calvin (Rahner, Florensky) [mystery here], Anabaptist, Sibbes

True religion (seriousness) vs. nominal affiliation

Anabaptist caution of Lutheran lax morality

Relation of Spirituality to Spiritual Formation

Process of conversion as spiritual formation (cf. Stoddard and Guide as manual for spiritual

direction) – ordo salutis: summary (law work/Busskampf, rebirth, practice is piety), cf Coalter, Radical Pietism, 38

Revival Networks – note in Stoddard – five “harvests”

Revival Network preceded by religious refugee network, preceeded by Reformers network

Consequently, by the time of the First Great Awakening in America, few middle colony religious groups could claim to have escaped the impact of this pietistic cross-fertilization of English, Dutch and German theology. Coalter, Radical Pietism, 35.

4. Evangelical Spirituality is Active: Evangelism and Missions (action) – [activism/HS-mission]

Puritan psychology of Work (PDF)

Chalmers and experiments with parochial organization

5. Evangelical Spirituality is Lay-Oriented: A Spirituality Accessible to All

Kirby, W. J. Torrance. “Lay Supremacy: Reform of the Canon Law of England from Henry Viii to Elizabeth I (1529-1571).” Reformation & Renaissance Review 8, no. 3 (2006): 349-70.

Pater, Calvin Augustine. “Lay Religion in the Program of Andreas Rudolff-Bodenstein Von Karlstadt.” In Leaders of the Reformation, 99-133. Cranbury, NJ: Associated Univ Pr, 1984.

Faith/works (see above)

Anabaptist concern with lax morality of Lutheran converts

Priesthood of all believers – and Baptist developments

6. Evangelical Spirituality Strives for a Bounded Ecumenicity

hints in Bucer and Melanchthon

sectarian ecumenicity – radical reformation

7. Other Issues

Views of Relationship and Transformation

How High the Bar and for Whom

note questions of preparationism – see Stoddard’s Guide

Surrender and Consecration

Gelassenheit (Karlstadt and Anabaptists, Franck, Tauler and Eckhart; Arndt [Erb])

Victory

Cautious approach to “the world”

Anabaptist hesitancy about Lutheran faith (and state church – little reform of life)

PART TWO: PRACTICES AND INSTITUTIONS OF EVANGELICAL SPIRITUALITY

Means, Disciplines, or Regimines by which Spirituality is Achieved

Note: Edward Bickersteth (Scripture Help, Psalmody, Prayer, Family devotions)

A. Practices

Preaching and Hearing/reading Sermons

note the publishing of Stoddard’s sermons (cf. Wheaton prof on this)

Scripture Interpretation, practice of Scripture reading/study

In all disputes concerning faith and religion, the scriptures alone, proceeding from the mouth of God, ought to be our level and rule.” Vedder , Henry Clay (2009) [First published 1905]. Balthasar Hubmaier: The Leader of the Anabaptists. LaVergne, Tennessee: Kessinger, 59 .

Sebastian Franck, “Both in the Geschichtsbible (1936) and in the Verbuetschiert Buch (1539) he writes to the effect that Protestants tend to make an idol of the dead letter and to establish a paper pope in place of the Roman pope.” (E. J. Furcha, “The Paradoxon as Hermeneutical Principle: The Case of Sebastian Franck, 1499-1542, 02-03).

cf. Bengel Gnomon, Introduction (see notes)

Song (note Watts, Wesleys, Crosby, Bay Psalm Book)

Schwenkfeld, “Music as an Expression of Anglican spirituality”

Music in the Baptist Tradition

Mainline – developed hymnology and performance; Evangelical lay and participation

cf. quote from Fanny Crosby

Doddridge also wrote over 400 hymns. Most of the hymns were written as summaries of his sermons and were to help the congregation express their response to the truths they were being taught.

Intercessory Prayer

Luther and Calvin; mixed appropriation of mystics, look up sample sources

Upon his [F. B. Meyer’s] release as a prisoner of the Union Army, he felt compelled to return to war-torn Franklin and help rebuild it spiritually, and he became the pastor of the Franklin Methodist Episcopal Church, South. His primary method was to establish weekly prayer sessions that sometimes lasted several hours. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._M._Bounds)

see Sunday School notes for history of prayer-meeting and concerts (cf note at start of books on prayer-meetings to demonstrate the novelty of this means)

closet intercession

family prayers

prayer-meeting

concerts of prayer

Sabbath Keeping

Karlstadt, Schwenkfeld, Bayly, Shepard

Testimony

Journal Keeping

Consecration

Organization of Life

Pursuit

Relation to other ascetical practices (fasting – Cartwright, Wesley, Finney, Moody, Spurgeon)

B. Institutions

Solitude – Isaac Ambrose, Rutherford

Family Devotions

home and Richard Baxter article, catechisms (Luther, Taylor, Bickersteth, Mather)

Small Groups

see Mark Mitchell article under Spener

Sabbath and Congregation

preparation for communion

Revival Meeting (note background with Dominic)

Stoddard and “harvests”

Town or Larger Society

Function of the Institutional Church

competing ecclesiologies in shifting governmental system (cf esp. England, Netherlands, and New world)

“membership – pietism (can find PDF)

liturgical reforms and spirituality interests

Pentecostal ecclesiology

ecumenism (see above)

other structures

family

small group

voluntary society

Evangelical classics –

Henry Scougal, The Life of God in the Soul of Man. (Whitefield)

Philip Doddridge, The Rise of Religion in the Soul. (Wilberforce)

Jonathan Edwards, Faithful Narrative, Religious Affections, Life of David Brainerd

Appendix –

Computer Searches in Evangelical Spirituality

Search Process: (search, select, export, retrieve, save, cite)

A. Preliminary (1) Read or review biography

(2) Read or review my own notes

B. Books – (3) World Cat Expert Search with export directly into Endnote

(4) Library Catalogs (LOC and one other relevant library)

C. Articles – (5) ATLA (Use folders and transfer in Endnote)

(6) Advanced Google Scholars (Export using EndNote)

D. Websites – (7) Advanced Google Search

Subject Headings – General list of relevant LOC and related

Evangelical*, Evangelicalism–Spirituality

Asceticism OR Christian life OR Consecration OR Devot*

Discipl* OR Discernment OR Holiness OR Meditation

Mystic* OR Perfection OR Piety OR Prayer

Religiousness OR Religiosity OR Sanctification OR Spirit*

Searching Techniques

Library of Congress (catalog.loc.gov)

1. Go to catalog.loc.gov

2. select Basic Search tab

3. within this select Search Type (below dotted line) Expert search

4. set search limits for date, language . . . (>1990)

5. Enter text –

Example: skey “Luther Martin” NOT King AND (Mystic? OR Prayer)

6. Search, Select, and export

World Cat

1. Go to Mesa State -> Article Databases -> Alphabetical list -> World Cat

2. Enter name and number into marmot – millennium

3. Select Expert Search

4. Using text in box, indicate search limits

Example:

(su: Luther and su: Martin) AND (su: Mystic* OR su: Christian Life OR su: Spirit* OR su: prayer OR su: devot* OR su: piety OR su: sanctification OR su: ascetic* OR su: discipl* OR su: discernment OR su: holiness OR su: meditation) WC – su

(kw: Marpeck and kw: Pilgram) AND (kw: Mystic* OR kw: Christian Life OR kw: Spirit* OR kw: prayer OR kw: devot* OR kw: piety OR kw: sanctification OR kw: ascetic* OR kw: discipl* OR kw: discernment OR kw: holiness OR kw: meditation) WC – kw

5. Using selectors limit year and types of resource

5. Select and export

ATLA

1. Go to Ebsco

2. Enter name and password -> choose ATLA from database list

3a. Enter search terms ad drop-down selections in boxes

Example: Luther, Martin [in SU SUBJECTS]

AND Mystic* OR Prayer OR Spirit* [in SU SUBJECTS]

3b. Use Basic Search and add something like the following in box:

Example:

SU “Luther, Martin” AND (SU Mystic* OR SU Christian Life OR SU Spirit* OR SU prayer OR SU devot* OR SU piety OR SU sanctification OR SU ascetic* OR SU discipl* OR SU discernment OR SU holiness OR SU meditation) ATLA

TX “Luther, Martin” AND (TX Mystic* OR TX Christian Life OR TX Spirit* OR TX prayer OR TX devot* OR TX piety OR TX sanctification OR TX ascetic* OR TX discipl* OR TX discernment OR TX holiness OR TX meditation)

4. Limit search in section below

5. Select items to add to folder

6. Export from folder to EndNote

Wheaton Example-

Cell one – Martin Luther [all words] {subject words}

Cell two – AND Prayer Spirit* Mystic* [any of these words] {any words}

Cell three – NOT King

Advanced Google Scholar

1. Go to Advanced Google Scholar

2. Fill in form

Example: with all of the words

with the exact phrase [Martin Luther]

with at least one of the words

[spirituality mystic prayer devot Spirit discipl piety sanctification ascetic discernment holiness]

without the words [King]

where the words occur [in the title of the work]

Date – return articles published between [1990 and 2010]

3. Review retrieval and import into EndNote (Go to Google Scholars Preferences to set

this)

Advanced Google Search (for websites)

1. Go to Google

2. This site is hard to work with; you must experiment a lot with site reductions and word choices in order to get a reasonable search

3. I’m currently looking at things like this

exact words “Philipp Melanchthon”

with one of the following: Institute [OR] Society [OR] Academy

Evan information

Websites – Google (.edu, .org)

ATLA, Religion and Philosophy – search.ebscohost.com;

s3440758; hosts (Denver Seminary)

World Cat, JSTOR, OneSearch, Academic Search Premium and more –

http://www.mesastate.edu/msclibrary/index.html; 4080000365011

(Mesa State College)

Google Advanced Scholar Search –

http://scholar.google.com/advanced_scholar_search?hl=en&as_sdt=20000;

see also

Academic Search Elite – http://montrose.ipac.dynixasp.com/#focus;

4110001346091 (Montrose Public Library)

World Cat – www.ref.oclc.org; 100-113-196; hxdmuxch (Montrose Public Library)